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Ancient Greece Grade 6 Social Studies
Transcript of Ancient Greece Grade 6 Social Studies
mountains. Why is geography important
when trying to understand
culture and society? Athens Social Structure Free People and slaves Citizens and Metics Women a city-state?? Ancient Greece was divided into many small areas called city-states. Athens was the largest city-state in Ancient Greece. City-states were often separated from one other by mountains, and were hard to travel between Often times, city states had the same gods and religious traditions, but still found reason to fight with each other. Each thought they were greater than the other. Agora The ancient marketplace in Athens The Agora was the main meeting place an market for the citizens. Poorer people went there to obtain water from public fountains, while richer citizens discussed current events or bought slaves from slave traders. Men did the shopping. Craft shops and stalls sold all types of goods (clothing, sandals pottery, fish, sausage, fruit, flowers and produce. Acropolis The "sacred rock, high city" There were many acropolis' in Ancient Greece, though the one in Athens is the most well-known. It was dedicated to the goddess Athena. Myths, events, and festivals are connected to the acropolis, and it marked the power of the athenian empire. Democracy? Citizenship? Citizenship What does it mean to be a citizen? Men Any free man born to Athenin parents. At the age of 18 they were allowed to participate in governmental process. Women Women could not take part in politics, and were not recognized as citizens. Slaves Slaves were not permitted to participate in politics, though they played a major role in ancient Greek civilization. Rights:
Slaves had few rights, they were considered
property of their masters and were not allowed
marry. Children of slaves were usually slaves
too. How to become a slave:
Many slaves were prisoners of war,
captured in battle. Criminals could be
sentenced to slavery. Families needing
money could sell one of their children,
or kidnapping. Cost:
Depended on thier apperance, age, and attitude.
Male slaves did agricultural and industrial work.
Female slaves did domestic duties like shopping,
fetching water, cooking, serving food, child care...
Wealthy Greek housholds had as many as 10-20 slaves. Questions: Would you expect to find slavery in a democracy? How do beliefs and values relate to participation in governemnt? In Canada? In Ancient Greece? Boys and Girls Greek women had many domestic
responsibilities. They would get married, usually
around age 15. They could own no property,
unless there were no male heirs, and could only
own personal belongings. Women would sew,
work in the kitchen, and care for thier families.
Women had little education. There may have been more slaves
than free people in ancient Greece.
Slaves worked in homes, factories, shops,
mines and on ships. Boys would either learn their father's trade or go to school at age 7. Boys were encouraged to be active and participate in different sporting activities. Girls were expected to stay home for the entirity of their education. Girls, once hit puberty were expected to be married. Metics were non-Athenians who generally found the cosmopolitan city of Athens more appealing than their own homelands. Metics could not own property, which was crippling in Athenian society, but they could hold jobs for property owners and they did have to pay a tax. Review:
Democracy According to what we have learned and
discussed so far, how is Canadian culture
different? In the past, did we have similar
values? Direct democracy vs
Representative democracy? Rank the following from
most powerful and highest status
to least powerful and lowest status:
Female Athenians, metics, male citizens,
slaves. Why is it important for people in democracies to be actively involved in their society?
What is the relationship between the values of society and the type of governement? How was the government in Athens structured? The Assembly
The Council of 500
Courts The Assembly Democracy: "ruled by the people" Who?? Many thousands attended, every 8-10 days!! Where?? The Hill of the Pnyx (pu-NINKS)
On the Acropolis What?? Discuss all matters of state: WAR AND PEACE, TREATIES WITH OTHER CITY STATES, RELIGION, TAXES, BUSINESS DECISIONS, PRIVATE CONCERNS All members would make speeches, debate, listen, discuss ideas and vote. MEMBERS ONLY! General Guidlines: Every member had equal right to speak!
Votes counted equally Main Goal: VOTE ON DECREES PASSED BY THE COUNCIL OF 500 (THE BOULE) The Council of 500, The Boule Who?? Citizens of Athens divided into 10 tribes (political groups).
50 citizens from each tribe were chosen to serve
Required age: 30 New council every year!!
citizens were only eligable to serve on the council twice! councilors were chosen from each tribe to be in charge for 1/10 of the year
New chairman every24 hours! But all good, right?? What?? Main Goal: PLANNED THE AGENDA FOR ASSEMBLY MEETINGS AND SUPERVISED THE RUNNING OF ASSEMBLY.
DISCUSSED AND VOTED ON DECREES, WHICH WERE TO BE PRESENTED TO THE ASSEMBLY FOR A VOTE.
RESPONSIBLE FOR HANDLING EMERGENCIES The Courts Why?? If Athenians felt they had been wronged by someone, or someone was not acting in the best interest of society, they would bring their complaint to the judge (magistrate). Who?? Magistrates were citizens and officers: chosen for 1 term Men: over age 30 Jury : between 501-1500 people Women: defendants needed to have a male citizen speak for her Metics: involved in legal cases, but not on juries. How?? Citizen: "NO LAWYER! We speak for ourselves!" Jury: "You are... guilty or not guilty..." Jury: "GUILTY. We decide the punishment!" Is FAIRNESS a part of Athenian democracy? Why or why not? How does Athenian decmocracy demonstrate:
-representation? Describe again how the government in ancient Athens is organized. Beliefs and Values