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Transcript of If Analysis
Becoming a man requires a lesson in the characters and virtues of a model leader
Brother Square Toes
Exclusion of Women Mood Solemn/Serious
Advising a younger person about going through life
Appeal to emotion
Iambic Pentameter Music Protectors of the Earth by Two Steps from Hell (Thomas J. Bergersen and Nick Phoenix)
Powerful, strong beats Art
Clips coordinate with lines of poem
Civil War Reenactment
Martin Luther King Jr.
Adaptation of British author Michael Morpurgo's "War Horse"
Saving Private Ryan
Adaptation of Yann Martel's "Life of Pi" Tone Encouraging
Father talking to a son
Didactic poem Legend of Ashitaka by Joe Hisaishi
Calmer, inspiring Stanza 1
True to oneself
Not over-react to the views of others
Adopt views without full consideration Main Idea Qualities "Father" Advocates Keeping calm
Modesty If you can keep your head when all about you
Are losing theirs and blaming it on you,
If you can trust yourself when all men doubt you,
But make allowance for their doubting too; Excerpt Literary Devices Synecdoche
Paradox Stanza 2 Excerpt Main Idea Overcoming obstacles
Dreams important, but should not rule our lives
Do not be overly influenced by triumph and disaster
Be resilient, tell the truth Literary Devices If you can dream - and not make dreams your master
If you can think - and not make thoughts your aim;
If you can meet with Triumph and Disaster
And treat those two imposters just the same;
If you can to hear the truth you've spoken
Twisted by knaves to make a trap for fools,
Or watch the things you gave your lift to, broken,
And stoop and build 'em up with worn-out tools: Anthropomorphism
Parallelism Stanza 3 Excerpt Taking chances is vital part of life
Learn how to manage risk
Never give up Literary Devices Anthropomorphism
Personification Main Idea If you can make one heap of all your winnings
And risk it on one turn of pitch-and-toss,
And lose, and start again at your beginnings
and never breathe a word about your loss;
If you can force your heart and nerve and sinew
To serve your turn long after they are gone,
And so hold on when there is nothing in you
Except the Will which says to them: 'Hold on!' Stanza 4 Excerpt If you can talk with crowds and keep your virtue,
'Or walk with Kings - nor lose the common touch,
If neither foes or friends can hurt you,
If all men count with you, but none too much;
If you can fill the unforgiving minute
With sixty seconds worth of distance run,
Yours is the Earth and everything in it,
And - which is more - you'll be a Man, my son! Main Idea Do not be corrupted by power
To be able to talk equally to kings and the common man
Do not be over-influenced by what other say
To live every second Literary Devices
Hyperbole "Twisted by knaves" "Build 'em up with worn-out tools" "Fill the unforgiving minute" "Never breathe a word" Poem Five feet with with two syllable units
The syllable units consist of the first being unstressed and the second being stressed Biography Born on December 30, 1865 in Bombay, India
Family moved to England in 1871 and his parents returned to India
Spent five years in foster care with the Holloway family in Southsea where he was bullied and mistreated
1878-1882 he attended the United Services College at Westward Ho in north Devon
Returned to India in 1882 as a journalist and editor concerned over Indian society
In 1892 he married Caroline Balestrier and settled in the U.S, but later returned to England
Wrote the Jungle Books Imperialism Imperialist in favor of British claim to territory
Idolized the British as colonial rulers Criticized the customs and manners of contemporary India and ridiculed its ancient literary heritages
In 1907 he was the first English writer to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature and the youngest writer to receive it Criticism "Kipling's poem "If," with its tone of 'stiff upper lip' poise and respectability, is the quintessential embodiment of British imperialism."
-Joshua Grasso Criticism "The aspirations of the poem are not toward divinity, but clearly towards manhood--with a capital M. The ending that Kipling chose makes Manhood--humanity--the pinnacle to be reached."
-Tamara Fernando Criticism "Kipling’s unfashionableness has its origins in two important aspects of his poetry: His versification was clear and usually unadorned, and his subjects were usually plain, working-class people. He began his career in the Victorian era, and his lyrical and narrative poetry has more in common with the styles of Tennyson, Robert Browning, and Swinburne than it has with the styles that have been predominant in a more modern age."
-Kirk Beetz "Beneath the voice of officialdom is the sweep of fatherly wisdom, extolling the virtues of sticking to one's guns despite a cavalcade of fear, doubt, and envy."
-Joshua Grasso Criticism Rhymed
Realistic Represents middle-class life
Renders reality closely in detail
Diction is natural vernacular Examples