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The Gender Binary
Transcript of The Gender Binary
University of Florida
McNair Scholars Program What is the gender binary? Overview The Binary in Language Psychology Gendered Science Gendered Education Movies, Books, Music, TV Shows, Ads Articles of clothing, Behavior, Body Language Does this binary affect student performance in schools? Future Questions John Gray, "Men are from Mars, Woman are from Venus" "gender derives etymologically from Latin genus, via Old French gendre, and originally meant ‘kind’ or ‘sort’." -Greville C. Corbett, PhD Source: Dr. Greville G. Corbett, (2011) The World Atlas of Language Systems Language Systems With Gender Assignments World Map of Gender-Diverse Cultures Source: PBS Independent Lens, Two Spirits. http://www.pbs.org/independentlens/two-spirits/map.html Languages with formal gendered article-noun agreements E.g. "Der Katze" or "Die Katze" in German; "El gato" or "La Gata" in Spanish. Languages without formal gender article-noun agreements E.g. English "the man" or "the woman" Biology Levels of testosterone in men; levels of estrogen in women Sex chromosomes in infertile patients E.g. Dr. David C. Page E.g. Kate Bornstein Identifying with gendered groups Sex Reassignment Surgery Kate Bornstein's Gender Rulebook 1.There are only two genders: man and woman.
2.One’s gender is invariant. Whatever you were born, you always will be.
3.Genitals are the tell-all sign of gender.
4.Any exceptions to the two genders are not to be taken seriously. Is there a gender achievement gap? Institutions of reinforcing and upholding social norms Gendered student organizations DeSantis, Inside Greek U “Examples include: the exclusive study of heterosexual romantic literature; the presentation of the “nuclear” heterosexual, two-parent family as the idea, teaching only the reproductive aspects of sexuality; and abstinence-only sex education.” (Meyer pp. 12) "When someone is born we ask, is it a boy or a girl. The correct answer is, we don’t know; it hasn’t told us yet." -Kate Bornstein Sources / Acknowledgments Deconstructing the Gender Binary Where does it come from? The realities of gender Future Research Why is this important? What is the gender binary? Who cares? It's hardly consensual It's used to deny marriage equality It's used as a means to harass nonconformers Where do these assumptions come from? The Realities of Gender "One is not born a woman, but rather becomes one." Simone de Baeuvior •Gender is not something we are, but something we do. •Gender is performative Alan DeSantis Susan Douglas, "Enlightened Sexism" Judith Butler credits psychoanalysis’ creation of the incest taboo as the driving force for heterosexual desire and discrete gender identity. (Pp 76) Judith Butler Performativity Modernist Theory Postmodernist Theory Derrida Constructions of gender Deconstructions of gender Social, Lingual, Experimental •DeSantis, A. D. (2007). Inside Greek U: Fraternities, sororities, and the pursuit of pleasure, power, and prestige. Lexington: University Press of Kentucky. •Wilchins, R. A. (2004). Queer Theory, Gender Theory: An Instant Primer. Los Angeles, Calif. Alyson Books. •Windmeyer and Freeman (1998). Out on Fraternity Row: Personal Accounts of Being Gay in a College Fraternity. Alyson Books. •Elliot, Kathleen O. (2012). The Right Way to Be Gay: How School Structures Sexual Inequality. In Meiners, Erica R. & Quinn, Therese, Sexualities in Education: A Reader. (pp. 158-166) Peter Lang Publishing. •Butler, Judith (1990). Gender Trouble: Femenism and the Subversion of Identity. Routledge Press. •Bornstein, Kate (1994). Gender Outlaw: On Men, Women, and the Rest of Us. Routledge Press.