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America

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Regina Martínez

on 16 February 2016

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Transcript of America

Latin America is the most urbanized region in the developing world.
Dependence
America
Group 53.

María José Santoyo A01154376
Regina Martínez A01227629
Federico Pineda A01065976
Jonatan Cabrera A01363997

Globalization everywhere
Global superpower
Cultural diversity
North America overview
Environmental Geography
Human Development Index
America
Environmental issues in America
-Resources

-Agriculture

-Growth

-Social issues.
Economy.
North America's resources are enough to supply the country and provide the raw materials for development.

They produce and consume huge quantities of resources.
Resources
One of the most effective food-producing system that emphasizes the important of efficient transportation, global makers and large capital investments in machinery.

Dairy operations and truck farms in the Northeast.
Corn and soybeans: Midwest. Also livestock.
Subtropical products, some cotton, livestock, and commercial logging.
Agriculture
-Connectivity growth = economic growth

-Sectoral transformation: Evolution from dependence to independence economically speaking (extraction, manufacture, services, info. processing).
Growth in North America.
-Gender Gap.

-Health Care and Aging. (40 million w/o health-care insurance)

-WTO reduces barriers (World Trade Organization). G8 (Group of Eight).

-Brain gain.
Social issues.
-Neoliberalism (DS)

-Maquiladoras (DS)

-Foreign Investment (DS)

-Informal sector (DS)

-Exports

-Global economy

-Dollarization
Economy:
Economic policies:
-Stress privatization
-Export
-Fewer restrictions on imports
Neoliberalism.
Maquiladoras: assembly plants in the border with USA.
3 out of 10 jobs.

Cons:
Pollution, crossed opinions.
NAFTA takes out the limits of the maquiladoras.

Other states attract foreign investment.
Maquiladoras & Foreign Investment
Street traders, family-run workshops.
Provision of goods or services w/o gov's intervention.
Reflects inability of formal economy.
Informal Sector.
Resources.
Energy Sector.
Agricultural production.
Energy sector.

Global economy & Dollarization.
Exports
DS: Development Strategy.
America's use of resources has finally had its toll in resource usage. Air pollution, deforestation, excess of CO2 emissions, and animal hunting is only a part of what troubles America right now.
International Actors.
Greenpeace (CP)
World Wildlife Fund (CP)

NGO's
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change)
NASA
UN (UNEP)
IGO's (CP)
Santiago (S)
Mexico City (S)
USA (N/S)
Brazil (S)
States/Nations
Microsoft. (CP).
General Electric. (CF).
U.S. Steel. (CF).
Koch Industries. (CF).
Multi-National Incs.
Website pages for NGO/IGO/Environment related topics.
Facebook.
Twitter.
Youtube.
Mass Media.
Illegal groups (CF)
CP = Centripetal
CF = Centrifugal.
Dependence.

Assembly Plants.

Offshore banking and Gambling

Social
The Caribbean.
Assembly plants.
Offshore banking/Online gambling
Social Issues.
Crop dependence before.

Mixed economy.
Creation of FTZs.
Sweet deals to foreigners. (Registration fees, not taxes).
Online gambling in Antigua.

Both these things, the location, the people, and the economic factors converge in tourism.

Role of women: very high role in society.

Education: high rates of literacy.

Brain drain.
Latin America:
Tropical forests in Latin America are really important reserves of biological diversity. But deforestation is a great problem.
Environmental Geography:
Population and Settlement:
Latin America is a really rich region in terms of culture.
Cultural Diversity:
The Iberian countries conquered all Latin America and almost all of the countries have 200 years of independence.
Geopolitical Framework:
New literary genres.
Music.
Gastronomic Diversity.
Diverese landscapes
Globalization and urban growth transforms the environment
Altering the geography
Change in the atmosphere

Changes the local and regional climates
Urban heat

Acid rain
Damages forests and poisons lakes
Global Warming
Rising of sea levels
Redistributions of plants, animals, crops
Melting glaciers
Consequences
Evironmental awareness:
Sustainable agriculture
Renewable energy
Population and settlement
Uneven regional patterns of settlement
Movements of the population
The westward moving populations
The movement from the south
The rural-to-urban migration
Nonmetropolitan growth
Map of the region
Urban decetralization
New urbanism
metropolitan areas are everywhere
suburbs take many characteristics of downtowns
Consequences:
Crimes
Residents can walk anywhere
Cultural Coherence & Diversity
Angloo Roots
America is a region of immigrants and that created a new cultural geography
Migrations in the USA
1) Africans - Slaves
2) Irish and Germans - Gave cultural variety
3) Latin America
4) Asia
Environmental Geography
Migrations in Canada
1) French
2) Britain
3) Irish
4) Eastern Europeans
5) Asians
Cultural homeland
Cultural identity is often tied to place
Geographic area and its ethnicity has survived over time
French-Canadian Quebec
The Hispanic Borderland
Cultural mosaic
Smaller-scale ethnic signatures
folk architecture, distinctive settlement patterns, ethnic place names and rural churches.
Diffusion of U. S. culture
Global cultures are becoming more North American, because of its improvements in global transportation and information technologies
English language
Powerful way to gain entrance into the economic mainstream.
BUT the english-speaking users has declined now that China’s growing influence.
Geopolitical Framework
The United States and Canada have very different political roots, the United States broke violently from Great Britain and Canada separated in a peaceful way.
BUT
both have a close geopolitical relationship, we can see it with NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
BUT
They also have some political conflicts, because of:
The environmental degradation
Population & settlement
USA's geopolitical reach
Starting from WWII and the Cold War the United States expanded and emerged as one of the world’s dominant political power.
·A rich region in culture because of the creolization.

·Called the neo-Africa.

·Main languages:
-Spanish with 25 million speakers
-French with 11 million speakers
-English with 7 million speakers
-Dutch with half a million speakers
Cultural coherency & Diversity
Geopolitical framework
·Rimland states
(From Beelize to Guianas)



·Greater Antilles
(Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Cuba & Hispaniola)



·Lesser Antilles
(From Virgin Islands to Trinidad)




The Grater Antilles have the most of the population with 85% of it.



Migration: for every 1,000, 3 leaves The Caribbean.




Total population: 44 million people.
Countries:
References:
Table 1: Human Development Index and its components. (n.d.). Retrieved from: UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME.
http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/table-1-human-development-index-and-its-components
Rowntree, L., Lewis, M., Price, M. & Wyckoff, W. (2014). Globalization and Diversity: Geography of a changing world. United States: Pearson Education.
-The Caribbean had has relations with USA but they broke up in the middle of the cold war.





The Expert
Daniel Vega Villanueva
Federal delegate of the SEMARNAT
(secretaria del medio ambiente y recursos naturales)
In the state of Guerrero from 2009-2012





Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. (2015). Regularization of Informal Settlements in Latin America (Policy Focus Report). 10/06/2015, de Lincoln Institute of Land Policy Sitio web: http://www.lincolninst.edu/pubs/1906_Regularization-of-Informal-Settlements-in-Latin-America
David O. Mckay School of Education . (s.f). Hispanic & Latino American Diversity Cultural Information. 10/06/2015, de David O. Mckay School of Education Sitio web: http://education.byu.edu/diversity/culture/hispanicamerican.html
Smith, S.E. (2013). 7 Companies Polluting the World Without Consequences. (Care2). 09/29/2015. Website: http://www.care2.com/causes/7-companies-polluting-the-world-without-consequences.html
Questions
·What is your opinion about the environmental issues that America has in general?


·What are the best strategies to stop or attack this issues?


·What was the worst issue that you detected in your time as delegate?


·What other issue did you detected?
Full transcript