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Transcript of America
María José Santoyo A01154376
Regina Martínez A01227629
Federico Pineda A01065976
Jonatan Cabrera A01363997
North America overview
Human Development Index
Environmental issues in America
North America's resources are enough to supply the country and provide the raw materials for development.
They produce and consume huge quantities of resources.
One of the most effective food-producing system that emphasizes the important of efficient transportation, global makers and large capital investments in machinery.
Dairy operations and truck farms in the Northeast.
Corn and soybeans: Midwest. Also livestock.
Subtropical products, some cotton, livestock, and commercial logging.
-Connectivity growth = economic growth
-Sectoral transformation: Evolution from dependence to independence economically speaking (extraction, manufacture, services, info. processing).
Growth in North America.
-Health Care and Aging. (40 million w/o health-care insurance)
-WTO reduces barriers (World Trade Organization). G8 (Group of Eight).
-Foreign Investment (DS)
-Informal sector (DS)
-Fewer restrictions on imports
Maquiladoras: assembly plants in the border with USA.
3 out of 10 jobs.
Pollution, crossed opinions.
NAFTA takes out the limits of the maquiladoras.
Other states attract foreign investment.
Maquiladoras & Foreign Investment
Street traders, family-run workshops.
Provision of goods or services w/o gov's intervention.
Reflects inability of formal economy.
Global economy & Dollarization.
DS: Development Strategy.
America's use of resources has finally had its toll in resource usage. Air pollution, deforestation, excess of CO2 emissions, and animal hunting is only a part of what troubles America right now.
World Wildlife Fund (CP)
IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel of Climate Change)
Mexico City (S)
General Electric. (CF).
U.S. Steel. (CF).
Koch Industries. (CF).
Website pages for NGO/IGO/Environment related topics.
Illegal groups (CF)
CP = Centripetal
CF = Centrifugal.
Offshore banking and Gambling
Offshore banking/Online gambling
Crop dependence before.
Creation of FTZs.
Sweet deals to foreigners. (Registration fees, not taxes).
Online gambling in Antigua.
Both these things, the location, the people, and the economic factors converge in tourism.
Role of women: very high role in society.
Education: high rates of literacy.
Tropical forests in Latin America are really important reserves of biological diversity. But deforestation is a great problem.
Population and Settlement:
Latin America is a really rich region in terms of culture.
The Iberian countries conquered all Latin America and almost all of the countries have 200 years of independence.
New literary genres.
Globalization and urban growth transforms the environment
Altering the geography
Change in the atmosphere
Changes the local and regional climates
Damages forests and poisons lakes
Rising of sea levels
Redistributions of plants, animals, crops
Population and settlement
Uneven regional patterns of settlement
Movements of the population
The westward moving populations
The movement from the south
The rural-to-urban migration
Map of the region
metropolitan areas are everywhere
suburbs take many characteristics of downtowns
Residents can walk anywhere
Cultural Coherence & Diversity
America is a region of immigrants and that created a new cultural geography
Migrations in the USA
1) Africans - Slaves
2) Irish and Germans - Gave cultural variety
3) Latin America
Migrations in Canada
4) Eastern Europeans
Cultural identity is often tied to place
Geographic area and its ethnicity has survived over time
The Hispanic Borderland
Smaller-scale ethnic signatures
folk architecture, distinctive settlement patterns, ethnic place names and rural churches.
Diffusion of U. S. culture
Global cultures are becoming more North American, because of its improvements in global transportation and information technologies
Powerful way to gain entrance into the economic mainstream.
BUT the english-speaking users has declined now that China’s growing influence.
The United States and Canada have very different political roots, the United States broke violently from Great Britain and Canada separated in a peaceful way.
both have a close geopolitical relationship, we can see it with NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
They also have some political conflicts, because of:
The environmental degradation
Population & settlement
USA's geopolitical reach
Starting from WWII and the Cold War the United States expanded and emerged as one of the world’s dominant political power.
·A rich region in culture because of the creolization.
·Called the neo-Africa.
-Spanish with 25 million speakers
-French with 11 million speakers
-English with 7 million speakers
-Dutch with half a million speakers
Cultural coherency & Diversity
(From Beelize to Guianas)
(Jamaica, Puerto Rico, Cuba & Hispaniola)
(From Virgin Islands to Trinidad)
The Grater Antilles have the most of the population with 85% of it.
Migration: for every 1,000, 3 leaves The Caribbean.
Total population: 44 million people.
Table 1: Human Development Index and its components. (n.d.). Retrieved from: UNITED NATIONS DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME.
Rowntree, L., Lewis, M., Price, M. & Wyckoff, W. (2014). Globalization and Diversity: Geography of a changing world. United States: Pearson Education.
-The Caribbean had has relations with USA but they broke up in the middle of the cold war.
Daniel Vega Villanueva
Federal delegate of the SEMARNAT
(secretaria del medio ambiente y recursos naturales)
In the state of Guerrero from 2009-2012
Lincoln Institute of Land Policy. (2015). Regularization of Informal Settlements in Latin America (Policy Focus Report). 10/06/2015, de Lincoln Institute of Land Policy Sitio web: http://www.lincolninst.edu/pubs/1906_Regularization-of-Informal-Settlements-in-Latin-America
David O. Mckay School of Education . (s.f). Hispanic & Latino American Diversity Cultural Information. 10/06/2015, de David O. Mckay School of Education Sitio web: http://education.byu.edu/diversity/culture/hispanicamerican.html
Smith, S.E. (2013). 7 Companies Polluting the World Without Consequences. (Care2). 09/29/2015. Website: http://www.care2.com/causes/7-companies-polluting-the-world-without-consequences.html
·What is your opinion about the environmental issues that America has in general?
·What are the best strategies to stop or attack this issues?
·What was the worst issue that you detected in your time as delegate?
·What other issue did you detected?