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Paraphrasing

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by

Kelly Graves

on 19 February 2014

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Transcript of Paraphrasing

Paraphrasing- to put something into your own words

Why paraphrase?(reasons)

To help you understand it better (when you can put something in your own words, you truly understand it.


To help others to understand better ( sometimes you need to find alternative ways of saying something so that others understand what you mean)



To make your writing more colorful/interesting (you don’t want to say the same thing over and over)


To avoid plagiarizing

How do you paraphrase? (steps)


Identify words to change


Locate appropriate synonyms


Exchange old words with new words


Change the sentence structure
STEP NUMBER 1

READ THE SOURCE CAREFULLY AND IDENTIFY THE MAIN IDEAS AND KEY POINTS
The big, bad wolf scared Little Red Riding Hood so much that
she couldn't scream because her throat was constricted.
YOUR TURN!
The big, bad wolf scared Little Red Riding Hood so much that
she couldn't scream because her throat was constricted.
HOPEFULLY YOU CHOSE THESE WORDS...
The big, bad wolf scared Little Red Riding Hood so much that
she couldn't scream because her throat was constricted.
The big, bad wolf scared Little Red Riding Hood so much that
she couldn't scream because her throat was constricted.
OUR SAMPLE SENTENCE MIGHT NOW READ AS:
The monstrous, horrid wolf terrified Little Red Riding Hood so much that she couldn't shriek because her throat narrowed.
HOWEVER, IF WE USED SYNONYMS THAT DIDN'T REFLECT THE CONTEXT OF THE ORIGINAL, WE MIGHT GET SOMETHING LIKE THIS:
The vast, depraved wolf awed Little Red Riding Hood so
much that she couldn't bark because her throat strangulated.
SEE THE DIFFERENCE?
THIS STEP WORKS BEST WITH
COMPOUND SENTENCES
Little Red Riding Hood was so terrified by the monstrous, horrified wolf that she couldn't shriek because her throat compressed.
Little Red Riding Hood couldn't shriek because she was so terrified by the monstrous, horrid wolf and her throat narrowed.
The monstrous, horrid wolf so terrified Little Red Riding Hood that her throat cramped and she couldn't speak.
DAY 1
DAY 2
PARAPHRASING
Whether you are consciously aware or not,



has and will be part an important part of your everyday life.
Your ability to paraphrase has a significant
impact your life's successes and downfalls.
SAMPLE SAT WRITING PROMPT
"That which we obtain too easily, we esteem too lightly. It is dearness only which gives everything its value."
- Thomas Paine

Assignment:
Do we value only what we struggle for? Plan your response, and then write an essay to explain your views on this issue. Be sure to support your position with specific points and examples.
(You may use personal examples or examples from your reading, observations, or, knowledge of subjects such as history, literature, science.)
KEY WORDS
for paraphrasing
"That which we obtain too easily, we esteem too lightly. It is dearness only which gives everything its value."
- Thomas Paine

Assignment:
Do we value only what we struggle for? Plan your response, and then write an essay to explain your views on this issue. Be sure to support your position with specific points and examples.
(You may use personal examples or examples from your reading, observations, or, knowledge of subjects such as history, literature, science.)
SYNONYMS!
OBTAIN
TOO EASILY
LIGHTLY
DEARNESS
VALUE
STRUGGLE
accomplish, achieve, realize
without difficulty, definitely, exactly
gently, effortlesly
without difficulty, definitely, exactly
praise, glorify, to hold in high regard
wrestle, compete for
Prompt 2:
If we are afraid to reveal our lack of knowledge we will not be able to learn. In order to make progress we must admit where we are now. Such an admission of ignorance is not easy. As Thoreau says, “How can we remember our ignorance which our growth requires, when we are using our knowledge all the time?”
Prompt:
“A little inaccuracy saves a world of explanation.”
- C.E.Ayers
Assignment:
Is it always essential to tell the truth, or are there circumstances in which it is better to lie? Plan your response, and then write an essay...
PARAPHRASING
Is a way of writing information in your own words;
preserving the text's meaning, but using different words and phrasing
USED IN SHORT SECTIONS OF TEXT (phrases or sentences)
OFFERS AN ALTERNATIVE TO USING DIRECT QUOTES

[Helps students integrate evidence/source material into assignments]
USEFUL SKILL FOR MAKING NOTES FROM READINGS, LECTURES
PARAPHRASING
STEP NUMBER 2

COVER THE ORIGINAL AND WRITE IT DOWN IN YOUR OWN WORDS
* keep main ideas and key points in tact!
IDENTIFY THE KEY WORDS TO CHANGE, LOCATE APPROPRIATE SYNONYMS, AND EXCHANGE OLD WORDS WITH NEW WORDS
STEP NUMBER 3
* Key words must stay in tact
* Phrases from the source must be put in quotes!!!
STEP NUMBER 4
CHANGE THE SENTENCE STRUCTURE (ONLY IF IT WILL MAKE SENSE!)
PARAPHRASING ISN'T ALWAYS SIMPLE
AND IT'S AN IMPORTANT LIFE SKILL
PARAPHRASING IN A NEW LIGHT...
SENIOR TRANSITION
PARAPHRASING ISN'T ALWAYS SIMPLE
AND IT'S AN IMPORTANT LIFE SKILL
PARAPHRASING

1. Restating an idea helps you understand it.

2. Helps you explain ideas to other people

3. Can make a statement more interesting

4. Keeps you from plagiarizing!
PARAPHRASING
Is a way of writing information in
your own words; preserving the text's meaning,
but using different words and phrasing
STEP NUMBER 1
Choose at least 3 words per simple sentence (one line of speech)
The big, bad wolf scared Little Red Riding Hood so much that
she couldn't scream because her throat was constricted.
STEP NUMBER 2
Find synonyms for the words (don’t change meaning though)
The big, bad wolf scared Little Red Riding Hood so much that
she couldn't scream because her throat was constricted.
STEP NUMBER 3
Replace the original words with the new synonyms
STEP NUMBER 4
Change word order without changing meaning. Try to flip the sentence (hint: flip around FANBOYS or commas).
HOPEFULLY YOU CHOSE THESE WORDS...
The big, bad wolf scared Little Red Riding Hood so much that
she couldn't scream because her throat was constricted.
The big, bad wolf terrified Little Red Riding Hood so much that
she couldn't shriek because her throat was compressed.
HOWEVER, IF WE USED SYNONYMS THAT DIDN'T REFLECT THE CONTEXT OF THE ORIGINAL, WE MIGHT GET SOMETHING LIKE THIS:
The vast, depraved wolf awed Little Red Riding Hood so
much that she couldn't bark because her throat strangulated.
Little Red Riding Hood was so terrified by the big, bad wolf
that she couldn't shriek because her throat compressed.
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