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Copy of Solar system

Easy description of the stars; sun etc. And some planets
by

Darrell VonBergen

on 9 January 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Solar system

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli What we produce: SOLAR SYSTEM Although there are nine planets in our solar system, only one planet has the distinction of being the closest planet to the sun. Mercury is the closest planet to the sun. In roman mythology, Mercury is the god of travel and thievery, the Roman counterpart of the Greek god Hermes, messenger of the Gods.

Mercury is the smallest planet in our solar system. It has a mass and density equal to 1/18 of the Earth's. Mercury's magnetic force is 100 times weaker than the one on earth.

Mercury doesn't have an atmosphere, but it does have a thin layer of helium. The helium is solar wind that is trapped by Mercury's weak gravity. Mercury bares a very similar resemblance to our moon because it has so many craters. The craters, which cover 70% of Mercury's surface, were formed when giant rocks crashed onto its surface.

Mercury has no known moons and it also has a double sunrise at perihelion (the point closest to the sun). Mercury also has the widest temperature range (500 degrees between coldest and hottest. A nebula is a combination of dust particles and gases in space that form a cloud. They are the gaseous and dusty material expelled by an old star just before death. A far better name for these objects would be "ejection nebulae". The term nebula comes from the Latin word for cloud.


There are many types of Nebula, some stars have nebula's around them when they approach the final stages of their lives as in Wolf Rayet stars.

Diffuse nebula which are nebula which have no defining shape or boundary.

Dark nebula are so dense that it obscures the light from the background
(Such as the Horsehead Nebula),
or that it blocks out background stars
(Such as the Coalsack Nebula).

Reflection nebula are clouds of dust which are simply reflecting the light of a nearby star or stars. Such as the Witch Head Nebula.

Emission nebula is a cloud of ionized gas (plasma) emitting light of various colors. Such as the Eagle nebula.

Planetary nebula which forms from the shells of stars when they transform into white dwarfs. Such as the Cats Eye Nebula

Protoplanetary nebula which is formed from the rapid creation of a star via stellar evolution. Such as the Egg Nebula

Supernova remnants, the remains of a massive star when it explodes in a supernova explosion The resulting expanding shell of gas creates a diffuse nebula. Such as the Crab Nebula. The milky way is a cluster of stars bound together by gravity in a shape of a spiral. This type of arrangment of stars is known as a galaxy.
During especially clear conditions, the milky way is visible as a faint band of light in the sky. The stars in this band of light stretch across hundereds of thousands of light years to collectively form our galaxy, which is merely one among billions in the universe.

The name was directly taken from the latin word, via lactea, which means milky way. A black hole is a region of space that has so much density and such a great gravitational pull, that no nearby objects can escape.

A black hole may be formed when a massive object undergoes uncontrolled contraction because of the inward pull of its own gravity.

When a supernova explosion of a very massive star takes place, then the gaseous matter present in the outer shell (or envelope) of the star is scattered into space but the core of the star survives during supernova explosion.

This heavy core of the supernova star continues to contract (shrink) and becomes a neutron star. The fate of this neutron star depends on its mass. If the neutron star is very heavy, then due to enormous gravitational attraction, it would continue to contract indefinitely (or continue to shrink in size indefinitely). And the vast amount of matter present in a neutron star would be ultimately packed into a mere point object. Such an infinitely dense object is called a black hole. Thus, black holes are formed by the indefinite contraction of heavy neutron stars under the action of their own gravity.

The neutron stars shrink so much and become so dense that the resulting black holes do not allow anything to escape, not even light, from their surface A magnetar is a type of neutron star with an extremely powerful magnetic field
A star is a large celestial body composed of gravitationally contained hot gases. Stars form within regions of high density called molecular clouds. There are 8 different types of stars. The Protostar, T Tauri Star, Main Sequence Star, Red Giant Star, White Dwarf Star, Red Dwarf Star, Neutron Stars and Super Giant Stars.
Majority of stars in our galaxy are Main Sequence Stars. Basically a main sequence star is a star being pulled inward by gravity and being pushed outward by the fusion reactions in its core. Goal;
Take all versions of SOP's and rewrite them so you understood them
Take photos or videos to make them more understandable
Develp new SOP's to fill in gaps of old ones
Start on New SOP's where none existed Neptune is the outermost planet of the gas giants. And is the eighth planet from the sun. If Neptune were hollow, it could contain nearly 60 Earths. Neptune
orbits the Sun every 165 years. It has eight moons, six of which were found by Voyager 2. A day on Neptune is 16 hours and 6.7 minutes. Neptune was discovered on September 23, 1846 by Johann Gottfried Galle, of the BerlinObservatory. Neptune got its named from the Roman God of the Sea.

Neptune consists largely of hydrogen and helium, and it has no apparent solid surface.The first two thirds of Neptune is composed of a mixture of molten rock, water, liquid ammonia and methane. The outer third is a mixture of heated gases comprised ofhydrogen, helium, water and methane. The atmospheric composition is 85% Hydrogen, 13% Helium, and 2% methane. The planet's atmosphere, particularlythe outer layers, contains substantial amounts of methane gas. Absorption ofred light by the atmospheric methane is responsible for Neptune's deep blue color.

Neptune has a set of fourrings which are narrow and very faint.
The rings are made up of dust particles thought to have been made by tiny meteorites smashing into Neptune's moons.

Triton is the largest moon of Neptune, with a diameter of 2,700 kilometers. It was discovered by William Lassell, a British astronomer, in
1846 scarcely a month after Neptune was discovered. Triton is colder than anyother measured object in the Solar System with a surface temperature of -235° C
It has an extremely thin atmosphere. Nitrogen ice particles mightform thin clouds a few kilometers above the surface.

Distance from the sun: 2,800,000,000miles
Diameter: 30,800miles
Revolving time around the sun: 165 Earthyrs
Spinning time on its own axis: over 16hrs
Number of moons: more than 8 Towards the end of our solar system lies the smallest of all the nine planets, Pluto.
Pluto was discovered in February of 1930 by an American astronomer, Clyde Tombaugh. It is the only planet to have been discovered by an American. All though we have known of the existence of Pluto for over thirty years now, there are still many mysteries surrounding this celestial body. Being the farthest planet has made it difficult to study Pluto.

Pluto isn't classified as a planet anymore to most people, because there are meteors that are the same size as Pluto.

Here’s the problem. Astronomers had been turning up larger and larger objects in the Kuiper Belt. 2005 FY9, discovered by Caltech astronomer Mike Brown and his team is only a little smaller than Pluto. And there are several other Kuiper Belt objects in that same classification.

Astronomers realized that it was only a matter of time before an object larger than Pluto was discovered in the Kuiper Belt.
And in 2005, Mike Brown and his team dropped the bombshell. They had discovered an object, further out than the orbit of Pluto that was probably the same size, or even larger. Officially named 2003 UB313, the object was later designated as Eris. Since its discovery, astronomers have determined that Eris’ size is approximately 2,600 km (1,600 miles) across. It also has approximately 25% more mass than Pluto.

With Eris being larger, made of the same ice/rock mixture, and more massive than Pluto, the concept that we have nine planets in the Solar System began to fall apart. The moon is the only natural satellite of Earth. The moon orbits the Earth from 384,400 km and has an average speed of 3700 km per hour. It has a diameter of 3476 km, which is about ¼ that of the Earth.

The moon is the second brightest object in the sky after the sun. The gravitational forces between the Earth and the moon cause some interesting effects; tides are the most obvious. The moon has no atmosphere, but there is evidence that there may be water ice in some deep craters near the moon’s North and South Pole that are permanently shaded.

Most of the moon’s surface is covered with regality, which is a mixture of fine dust and rocky debris produced by meteor impact. There are two types of terrain on the moon. One is the heavily cratered and very old highland. The others are the relatively smooth younger craters that were flooded with molten lava.

The moon shows different phases as it moves along its orbit around the earth. Half the moon is always in sunlight, just as half the earth has day while the other half has night. The phases of the moon depend on how much of the sunlit half can be seen at any one time. In the new moon, the face is completely in shadow.

Temperatures on its surface are extreme, ranging from a maximum of 127° C (261° F) at lunar noon to a Minimum of-173° C (-279° F) just before lunar dawn. There may be aliens somewhere in the universe!! Apollo 11, Neil Armstrong was the first man
on the moon Welcome Leaders Alliance Pluto The Wiki-SOP Leaders Alliance Mercry is the second smallest planet, after Pluto-it resembles less than half the size of the Earth. It is the closest planet to the sun, so the sun would appear more than twice as big on Mercury as it does on earth. Daylight lasts about an earth month and it gets hot enough to melt lead.The night lasts as long and it gets cold enough to melt Co2.

In roman mythology, Mercury is the god of travel and thievery, the Roman counterpart of the Greek god Hermes, messenger of the Gods. The planet probably received this name because it moves so quickly across the sky.Johann Hieronymus Schroeter was the first to observe the planet Mercury and record detailed drawings of Mercury's surface features.


The planet Mercury is thought to be mostly iron, about 70% of the planet's mass. It is covered by a comparatively thin crust of rock, including mountains and plains. Mercury has many craters from asteroid and meteor impacts, primarily due to the lack of an atmosphere.

The composition of Mercury's very thin, ionized atmosphere : 42% Molecular oxygen ,29.0% sodium ,22.0% hydrogen,6.0% helium ,0.5% potassium
Trace amounts of argon, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, water vapor, xenon, krypton, & neon. The planet Mercury is the densest of all the planets and consists of approximately 70% metallic and 30% silicate material.

Distance from the Sun: 36,000,000miles
Diameter: 3,100miles
Revolving time around the sun: 88 earth days
Spinning time on its own axis: 59 earth days
Number of moons: 0 How we got started NEPTUNE Started with written procedures Started Lean Daily Lunch meetings
Mondays
Every other Monday; Meeting with Senior Buyer and Programmer
Updates on jobs coming, materials issues, inventory
Every other monday; Meeting with all of engineering and repair
Updates on machine repairs, R & D, schedules and PM's
Tuesday
Meet with Panel Supervisors or Frame and Door Supervisors
Discuss Personel issues, Machinery and production
Wednesday
Executive Committee Lunch
Includes Two Owners, Head of Sales
Thursday
Production Managers/safety meeting lunch BLACK HOLE Nebula Milky way It is unexplainably windy Not this one An asteroid is a large rock in outer space. Asteroids are left over materials from the formation of the Solar System. These materials were never incorporated into a planet because of their proximity to Jupiter's strong gravity.
The main difference between asteroids and planets is that asteroids never grew large enough to become planets
Some, like Ceres, can be very large, while others are as small as a grain of sand. Due to their smaller size, asteroids do not have enough gravity to pull themselves into the shape of a ball.
In the orbits of Mars and Jupiter is the largest group of known asteroids, this area is usually known as the asteroid belt.
The asteroid belt is divided into an inner belt and an outer belt. The inner belt, which is made up of asteroids that are within 402 million km of the Sun, contains asteroids that are made of metals.
The outer belt, which includes asteroids 402 million km beyond the Sun, consists of rocky asteroids. These asteroids appear darker than the asteroids of the inner belt, and are rich in carbon.
So far, about 26 very large asteroids have been discovered. But there are still millions of smaller ones that we have yet to see because they are too tiny.

Some known asteroids are:
Quoaoar, which is the largest one, is size is about 1/10 the size of earth.
Ceres, which is also known as dwarf planet, was the first asteroid to be discovered back in1801. For many years, scientist thought this was the largest asteroid
2001 KX76, this is an asteroid discovered in 2001, is bigger than Ceres.
A lot of science fiction movies have been produced, like Armageddon, using as the main theme asteroids hitting our planet and destroying everything on their way. As a matter of fact, one of the theories that explain the disappearance of the dinosaurs is that a huge asteroid hit the earth A meteor is a bright streak of light in the sky (a "shooting star" or a "falling star") produced by the entry of a small meteoroid into the Earth’s atmosphere
Very bright meteors are known as fireballs;
Meteorites are bits of the solar system that have fallen to the Earth. Most come from asteroids, including few are believed to have come specifically from 4 Vesta; a few probably come from comets. A small number of meteorites have been shown to be of Lunar or Martian origin
One of the Martian meteorites, is believed to show evidence of early life on Mars
Meteorites are extremely important in that we can analyze them carefully in our labs. They are our only material evidence of the universe beyond the Earth. Comets are icy small solar system bodies which when close to the sun display a visible coma and a tail.
Comets are different from asteroids by the presence of a tail
Asteroids are thought to have a different origin from comets, having formed inside the orbit of Jupiter rather than in the outer Solar System. The discovery of the main belt-comets has blurred the distinction between asteroids and comets Our Lean Journey 5-S

LEAN TRAINING

RAPID IMPROVEMENT

METRICS

STANDARDIZE Four main Principles

1. Makesenseofitness
2. Doitrighterization
3. Getitgreaternate
4. Slaponthebackerize Four main Principles

1. Establish a Standard
2. Actively Follow the Standard
3. Improve the Standard
4. Recognize and Reward Improvements 5-S Standard Work Daily Gemba Walks with owner Morning Division Managers Meeting Weekly Lunch with all Division Managers Weekly Production Meeting Daily Lunch Meetings SOP's
Standard Operating Procedures
for a custom shop Improved on the SOP's
Put them all online Entire Production Crew Meeting
Update on sales and production issues
Simple Lean Training using "Prezi's"
Safety Discussions and demonstrations Hired a person who didn't know any of our procedures Macayla Stone Started in 1983 Problem to solve

Lots of SOP's/ lots of styles written
No time for production to write the SOP's
No skills to type them up and submit
We wanted photos and videos for examples
Access to our Veneer Gallery
Full transcript