Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Prepositions

No description
by

Anamaria Welp

on 16 May 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Prepositions

PREPOSITIONS
Prepositions mark a relationship:

NP or V or Adj. + NP
The grammatical uses of basic one-syllable prepositions are tied up to the conceptual meaning of the NP which comes after them.
The key to understanding the basic meaning of these prepositions is to know how spacial locations are perceived by English speakers.
LOCATION IN SPACE
can be points in space
can be treated as having no relevant dimensions
at
can be lines or surfaces
can be treated as having one or two dimensions
on
can be areas or interior spaces with volume
can be treated as having two or three dimensions
in
Expressing static location:

a.
at
625 Royal Street
b.
on
Royal Street
c.
in
the old part of town
Where does Elvis live?
Expressing dynamics with focus on the movement

(towards)

a. Elvis went
to
the lake,
b. climbed
on(to)
the pier,
c. and jumped
in(to)
the water.
Expressing goal of movement (source)

a. When Elvis was reaching to get a glass
from
the shelf,
b. he knocked a bowl
off
the table,
c. and all the salad spilled
out of
the bowl.
Expressing the result of a movement

a. Elvis has been
away from
here for a while.
b. All his pictures are
off
the walls.
c. Some people say he's
out of
the country.
Expressing movement relative to some space

a. Elvis ran
past
the clock tower,
b. dashed
along
the street,
c. and made his way
through
the fruit market.
PREPOSITIONS AND LOCATIONS
Most spacial references can be conceptualized by a speaker differently on different occasions, depending on the nature of the information being conveyed.
a. The university is
in
Baton Rouge.
b. The sun is shining
on
Baton Rouge.
c. The flight has one stop
at
Baton Rouge.

a. They climbed
up
the steep side of the hill,
b. and walked
down
the other side.
LOCATION IN TIME
Events can be fixed in terms of very specific 'points' in time.
at
Restricted 'units' of time such as dates and days.
on
More extended 'periods' such as months, years, and seasons.
in
a. at six o'clock.
b. at noon.
c. at that time.
a. on Monday
b. on March 20th
c. on Sunday morning
a. in October
b. in 1947
c. in summer
Speakers can treat a particular temporal reference as having different properties on different occasions
a.
At
night, all your problems can seem much worse.
b.
On
the night in question, this man was sound asleep.
c.
In
the night, refugees try to cross the border.
ATTENTION!
a. I have classes
in
the morning.
b. I like to sleep late
on
cold mornings.
LOCATION IN METAPHOR
Just like spatial locations and temporal locations, non-physical locations can be treated as containers for other referents.
For English speakers, linguistic expressions are often treated as being capable of containing thoughts and meanings.
a. His meaning is
in
the words he used.
b. Tell us
in
your own words.
c. Express yourself
in
complete sentences.
d. Try to put your feelings
into
words.
e. I can't make any sense
out of
his words.
f. He communicated his beliefs
through
words.
A similar extension of the 'container' concept may involve feelings or emotions.
a. They're
in
love.
b. he's
in
a bad mood.
c. Be careful or you'll get
into
trouble.
d. At last we were
out of
danger.
e. They survived
through
many difficulties.
Other examples of this concept:

a.
in
a debate
b.

into

a controversy
c. be left
out of

the discussion
d. convince someone
through
rational argument
THANK YOU
Full transcript