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Citations: Words and Ideas are Property (King)

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by

J Watson

on 28 October 2016

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Transcript of Citations: Words and Ideas are Property (King)

Citations
No author's name in the citation when:
Author's name is in the sentence.
The same source is used repeatedly throughout the paragraph/paper.
(Only use the last name the first time).
Others' Words
Direct quotations
Put quotation marks around the author's exact words and cite the source.

ALWAYS INTRODUCE QUOTES OR INCORPORATE THEM INTO YOUR OWN SENTENCE.
Citations: Words and Ideas are Property
Citations
When you use another person's words or ideas, you are required to give him or her credit.
No citation = plagiarism

MLA:
At the end of the sentence (or section) with the quote/ideas, give the author's last name and the page number of the source in parentheses.
Example: The most famous line from the speech is
"I have a dream" (King 2).
Example: Dr. King's most
famous line from the speech
is "I have a dream" (2).
Example: The most famous line from the
speech is "I have a dream" (King 2). His
hope is that they can change "the tragic
fact that the Negro is still not free" (1).
Using Others' Words and Ideas
Summarizing

Paraphrasing

Direct quotations
Others'
Ideas

Summary
Explain in your own words the ideas from
an entire article,
section,
or paragraph.
Shorter than original.

Paraphrase
Explain author's ideas in your own words
Approximately the same length as original
Must be cited
Practice
"It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned" (King 1).
Practice
In a sense we have come to our nation's capital to cash a check. When the architects of our republic wrote the magnificent words of the Constitution and the Declaration of Independence, they were signing a promissory note to which every American was to fall heir. This note was a promise that all men would be guaranteed the inalienable rights of life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.

It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned. Instead of honoring this sacred obligation, America has given the Negro people a bad check which has come back marked "insufficient funds" (King 1).
Floating Quotes
King told them to return home with hope. "Go back . . . to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed" (3).
INCORRECT
Introduce Quotes
King told the people, "Go back . . . to the slums and ghettos of our northern cities, knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed" (3).
Incorporate Quotes
King advised the people to "go back" to their homes where racism and persecution were still rampant, "knowing that somehow this situation can and will be changed" (3).
Changes Inside a Direct Quote
To remove part of the quote, use ellipses ( . . . )
Remove words, sentences, paragraphs

To change part of the quote, use brackets [ ]
King repeatedly stated that "[he has] a dream" (2).
Long Quotes
Quotes of four lines or more are block quotes

Dr. King explains that this movement is not just a fad:
There are those who are asking the devotees of civil rights, "When will you be satisfied?" We can never be satisfied as long as our bodies, heavy with the fatigue of travel, cannot gain lodging in the motels of the highways and the hotels of the cities (2).
Practice
Introduce the information below with:
King tells the people that
. For this part, don't use quotation marks and change words to make it fit into the sentence.
"I am not unmindful that some of you have come here out of great trials and tribulations" (King 2).

Exceptions
You may have sources without an author name or without a page number.
Cite the first information on the Works Cited page.
Include quotation marks or italics that are in the citation.
If it's a long title, you can shorten it.
You can include this information in the sentence or at the end in parentheses.
According to
"An Inconvenient Truth,"
the documentary is "based on a speech he has been developing for six years, and is supported by dramatic visuals."
The documentary is "based on a speech he has been developing for six years, and is supported by dramatic visuals" (
"An Inconvenient Truth"
).

King tells the people that
he is
not unmindful that some of
them
have come
to the march
out of great trials and tribulations (2).
Now put the quotation marks back and put brackets around all of the words that you changed.
King tells the people that
"[he is]
not unmindful that some of
[them]
have come
[to the march]
out of great trials and tribulations" (2).
King tells the people that
he is
"not unmindful that some of
[them]
have come
[to the march]
out of great trials and tribulations" (2).
Use brackets to show changes in capitalization.
King argues, "It is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned" (1).
King argues that "
[i]
t is obvious today that America has defaulted on this promissory note insofar as her citizens of color are concerned" (1).
Audience is important!
If the information is not common knowledge for your audience, you have to cite it!

Prior knowledge: find a source to give you credibility and back you up
Quote Sandwiching
Introduce the quote with a signal phrase/reporting verb.
Quote the best parts.
Explain the significance of the quote and/or how the ideas support your claims.
Do not explain the meaning of the quote.
Acknowledges, Adds, Admits,
Agrees, Argues, Asserts,
Believes, Claims, Comments,
Compares, Confirms, Declares,
Denies, Disputes, Emphasizes,
Endorses, Grants, Illustrates,
Implies, Insists, Notes,
Observes, Points out, Reasons,
Refutes, Rejects, Reports,
Responds, Suggests, Thinks,
Writes, etc.
Some Reporting Verbs
MLA 8 Citations
In your citation, the elements should be listed
in the following order:

Author.
Title of source.
Title of container,
Other contributors,
Version,
Number,
Publisher,
Publication date,
Location.
Note: Each element should be followed by the punctuation mark shown here. For titles, use quotation marks for shorter works and italics for longer works.
Combinations
Give context of the quote with summary or paraphrase, and then quote only the best parts.
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