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Transcript of Addiction
Treatment & Prevention
Sex Addicts Anonymous
Prevention & Education Programs
Drug Awareness & Resistance Education (D.A.R.E.)
Harm Reduction Clinics
Social Determinants of Health
Income & benefits
Unemployment & job security
Early Childhood Development
Social Safety Network
What Is Addiction?
"The physical or emotional dependence on a chemical or activity" - DSM V
Substance - drugs, alcohol
Process - shopping, sex, gambling, gaming
Anxiety / Depression
Smart, punctual, and responsible employees --> unreliable, unhygienic, and poorly behaved
Stealing from coworkers and slacking on duties
Loss of a job, which means loss of income and sense of purpose
Loss of job can also affect romantic and family relationships, especially if the addict is the breadwinner
Less physical activity
Addiction can be fatal
Suicide & overdose
Sexually Transmitted Infections
Unwanted pregnancy & birth defects
Drugs change your psychological makeup, and therefore affect your personality
Behaving out of character
Lying & cheating
Lack of trust
Skipping classes or dropping out of school.
It is difficult for students to resist the temptation of cigarettes, drugs, or alcohol
Desire to fit in
Low self esteem
Desire to rebel with classmates and try "Forbidden Fruit."
Harder to find work later in life.
Ignorance or lack of awareness about the seriousness of addiction can make it easier to fall into dangerous habits and situations.
Marriage & Relationships
Violence & Crime
Addicts very often turn to crime as a means of paying for their addiction
There are people so desperate to have a "fix" that they will do anything to get it, including violence
Violence against children
Assault of a stranger
Costs of an addiction affect the addict, their family, friends, and society as a whole
There are the costs of policing, drug addiction, help lines, support groups and rehab clinics.
Lost revenue in the form of tax and national insurance contributions each time an addict loses their job or is unable to work.
Addicts may resort to theft and crime to fund their addiction
When one partner becomes an addict, their behavioural changes can affect the functionality and satisfaction in a relationship.
Distressing and confusing for children of addicts.
Social skills deteriorate, resulting in loss of family, friends, romantic partners, and other support systems.
Domestic violence can increase.
Partners and family become second priority to addiction.
AA's 12 Step Program
based on belief of a God
Inner strength and moral values
Attendance at religious servies decreases likelihood of substance abuse
: Spirituality in alcohol cessation movements
: First alcohol support group
: Therapists use spirituality to help clients recover from addiction
The percentage of dual diagnosis addiction & depression
• Impulsive, self-destructive behaviours
• Mood swings
• Manipulative, deceitful actions
• Lack of concern for own health and safety
• Instability in relationships, jobs and finances
Just to Lighten the Mood...
Relaxation Strategy: Imagery
The Negative Placebo
If you are told a drug has addictive properties, you are more likely to become addicted
Variable Interval Method
= an amount of time elapsing before a reward is given
= the time elapsing varies between rewards
Stonehenge Therapeutic Community
Do these ads take into account a biological basis for addiction?
1) With your group, brainstorm a case study for an individual with an addiction, and write it down in detail on the provided chart paper
2) After 10 minutes, you will switch your case study with that of another group
3) Come up with a treatment plan for the individual in the other group's case study
4) After 10 minutes, present this case study and your group's treatment plan to the class
Neural Networks 101
Three Classifications of Drugs
Four Methods of Delivery
Faster Delivery = Higher Likelihood of Addiction
Biology of Process Addictions
Gambling and the Amygdala
Sex and Endorphins
A Genetic Basis
Smoking and the CYP2A6 gene
Norephinephrine deficits and addiction
Parkinson's and lower quantities of dopamine in the midbrain
*Medication is often the first step*
Home & Family