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War in the Pacific

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on 17 March 2016

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Transcript of War in the Pacific

War in the Pacific
Setting the Stage
Main Countries

Japan
United States
Great Britain
China
Soviet Union
Australia

Japanese Actions

Japan sought to expand its empire and influence upon the other countries.


Japan's attack on China marked the beginning of the Second Sino-Japanese War.


Japan bombed Pearl Harbor, invaded Thailand, and attacked British colonies in Malaya, Singapore, and Hong Kong all on the same day: December 7, 1941.

Major Battlegrounds

Southeast Asia
Western Pacific
China

Global Reactions


Great Britain, United States, and China, all victims of Japanese aggression, decided to team up and prevent Japan from becoming too powerful. They formed the new Allies.


The Second Sino-Japanese War merged into the Pacific War as European powers joined China.


The Allies fought Japan in many parts of the Pacific.

for the Pacific War...
7 December 1941 – 2 September 1945
"A Date Which Will Live in Infamy..."
Triggers of the Pacific War
"There is no blinking at the fact that our people, our territory, and our interests are in grave danger...I ask that Congress declare that since the unprovoked and dastardly attack by Japan on Sunday, December 7th, 1941, a state of war has existed between the United States and the Japanese empire."
One day after Japan's attack on the Pearl Harbor Naval Base in Hawaii, President Roosevelt delivered the Infamy Speech, or the Pearl Harbor Address, where the United States Congress passed a formal declaration of war against Japan and officially brought the US into World War II.
Allies: The Big Three
And the Pacific War Unfolds...
Early Japanese Victories
In the months after Pearl Harbor, Japan invaded the Philippines, Guam and other islands held by America.
They also captured the British colonies of Hong Kong, Burma, and Malaya
By 1942, the Japanese empire stretched all the way to the Western Pacific. They now began to target Australia and Hawaii.
The Allies Resorted to Total Warfare
At the beginning of 1942, the Allies were not off to a good start. The German air force continuously bombed Great Britain while Japanese victories in the Pacific seemed unstoppable.

The Doolittle Raid in April 1942 was the Allies' first offensive against the Japanese home island; while very little damage was done, it proved that Japan was not invincible.

In order to match up to Axis war machines, governments in Great Britain and the United States dedicated all resources to war purposes.


And the Tide Changes...
Axis Power: Hirohito of Japan
Emperor Hirohito Admiral Yamamoto
V.S.
The Battle at Coral Sea
May 1942
It was fought in the water of Solomon Islands for 5 days, aiming to stop the Japanese from invading Australia.
For the first time in history, a crucial battle was fought entirely based on air force.
Led by Admiral Nimitz of the United States, the Allies tasted their first victory as they successfully sank several Japanese aircraft carriers.
The Battle of Midway:
Fought in June 1942
Yamamoto, Japan's Fleet Admiral, fought the American armies in order to gain control of Hawaii and the Pacific
With superior communications and intelligence, the U.S. crushed Yamamoto's plans and sank 4 Japanese aircraft carriers
T
he Battle of Midway hit Japan with a devastating blow. This was the Allies' most impressive win, and after that Japan was never again able to launch a successful offense.
Battle
of
Guadalcanal
A Decisive Turning Point
Fought in August 1942
United States Marines occupied a Japanese airfield, sank most of the Japanese troop transports, and prevented the majority of the Japanese troops and equipment from reaching Guadalcanal
Both sides suffered severe losses, but the United States strategically drove the Japanese out
This battle marked the beginning of the Allie's island-hopping campaign
The Pacific War Subsides:
Hiroshima & Nagasaki:
Island
Hopping
Strategy to Defeat Japan
United States
Allies move closer to Japan by taking control of the surrounding islands
November 1943 though
December 1945
Campaign called

Operation Cartwheel
Fate of Japan
Allies work on pushing Japanese out of the areas they invaded
Roosevelt (United States)
Churchill (Great Britain)
Chiang Kai-shek (Republic of China)
The Cairo Declaration
The Three Great Allies met up to decide plans for Japan
Japan should be stripped of all islands it had seized out of violence and greed
The Allies were now waiting for Japan's unconditional surrender

Battle of
October 23-26 1944
Considered the largest naval battle in history
Fought in the Philippine islands
U.S & Australia v.s Japan
The Japanese launched their first organized kamikaze attacks
This battle depleted Japan's oil
Leyte Gulf
Kamikaze
Japan
Suicide Pilots
Began during the closing stages of WWI
Designed to destroy warships more effectively than was possible with conventional attacks
14% of kamikaze attacks managed to hit a ship
The Atomic Bombs
September 8, 1951
Battle of Iwo Jima
19 February–26 March 1945
Goal was to capture 3 Japanese airfields and provide staging areas for the Allies' attack on the main islands
The 5-week battle resulted in an Allied victory with a terrible cost. In the bloodiest battle of the Pacific War, 12,000 Americans killed and over 100,000 Japanese killed.
Battle of Okinawa
April 1 - June 22, 1945
Biggest amphibious battle of the Pacific War
Referred to as "typhoon of steel" due to the number of Allied ships and kamikaze attacks
Japan focused mainly on defense tactics
Japan lost their airfields and their naval bases were neutralized once and for all
Japanese soldiers were so desperate to win they used their civilians as human shields
Hiroshima
Nagasaki
"Little Boy" bombing of Hiroshima was on August 6, 1945
"Fat Man" bombing of Nagasaki was on August 9, 1945
Albert Einstein and several other scientists succeeded in creating high-velocity explosives in the Manhattan Project
President Truman at last came to the decision of dropping the atomic bombs. A "Target Committee" was held with scientists from the Manhattan Project to decide where to drop the fateful two bombs that would finally end the war
Was officially signed by 48 countries
Japan lost its oversea territories conquered during the war, and was forced to compensate for the POW's and casualties
It also formally ended Japan's imperial power
This ended World War II
Treaty of San Francisco
The Legend of Tsutomu Yamaguchi
Hiroshima and Nagasaki were nominated for their geological locations.
The bombings brought more than 200,000 deaths and were the fatal straws that finally collapsed Japan's morale and physical strength.
Japanese formal surrender was heard on September 2, 1945.
In 1945, Yamaguchi went to Hiroshima for a 3-month long business trip.
At 8:15 a.m., Little Boy atomic bomb was dropped near the center of the city, only 3 miles away.
This explosion left him with serious burns and made him permanently deaf in one ear but he managed to escape back home to Nagasaki, right on time for the second bombing.
He is the only person recognized by the Japanese government to have survived both the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings.
How would the Allies fight back?
Representatives
At this time, War in Europe had already ended and the Allies were waiting for Japan's surrender, which never came
The Final Surrender

Introduction paragrah and outline project.
Imagine that you are writing an informative paper about the Japanese campaign in the Pacific during WWII. Using this presentation along with the textbook (16.2) please write an introductory paragraph that gives an overview of the Japanese strategy and events before writing an outline that details the rest of the paper. The next slide is an example of what I would like except that it is about the European theatre.
The Solomon Islands
Full transcript