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Violence Against Women in Media

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Molly P

on 28 April 2013

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Transcript of Violence Against Women in Media

Molly Potel, Priya Kollipara, Victor Zheng The Media's Representation of Violence Against Women (of Different Races) Our Goal -To examine how violence against women in general is treated by the media, and to specifically find the discrepancies in its treatment of violence against women of different races, as well as to see the consequences of these portrayals and how it affects rape culture. -The media has a enormous tendency to portray rape and violence as sexy. Often times, plots are used in films where female victims fall in love with their perpetrator.
-Discourse used perpetuates rape culture The Media's Blaming of the
Survivor The Media's Treatment of Victims of Different Races -Helen Benedict's 1992 study found lower class, black women to be more often blamed

-Violence against poor and black women is far less likely to receive coverage

-White women are valued by media more and black women are seen as more deserving and are rendered as animals

-Simply a category like "black woman" in news media has become a politically loaded term (promiscuous black woman stereotype, black rapist myth)

-Example:
King Kong (1933) Portrayal of (Sexual) Violence Against Women as a Positive/ Attractive -Examples:
The Twilight Series, by Stephenie Meyer (2005-08) Victimization Effects of the Consumption of These Images Conclusions and Movements for Change -We focused on the media's victimization of women, blaming of the survivor, and portrayal of rape/ violence as a positive. Works Cited: Our Survey Results: Do you find anything wrong with this image? If so, what? -"Yes, I don't like that they're clearly in work clothes but she's being sexualized- like she can't be taken seriously." - white female
-"Didn't find anything wrong with it" - white male
-"He's grabbing her breast, almost choking her but that's portrayed as being sexy- men should pursue and women should just take it." - white female
-"Masculinity is more powerful than femininity" - white male
-"Man controls the woman -> humans are lustful" - white male
-"They are trying to sell sex like every other company in America" - white male
-"The males are dominant, heterosexuality is the normativity, and femininity is about objectification" - asian female What are they trying to say about sexuality? Masculinity and femininity? Do you think the image perpetuates any stereotypes or negative cultural ideas? -"Yes, that men should be in charge and women should passively just take it, in all instances even at work women are to be sexy." - white female
-"Yes, it perpetuates the idea that women are defenseless and weaker than men" - white male
-"Men objectify women" - white female
-"Perhaps that a man is in control. This is true often in a sexual scenario though" - white male
-"No, people should be able to do whatever they want to make money. Their body, their decision." - white male
-"Yes, woman are sexual objects desired by men, women have no power, men have it all" - asian female DelVecchio, Marina. "Her Circle :: A Magazine of Women's Creative Arts and Activism." Her Circle A Magazine of Womens Creative Arts and Activism. N.p., 4 May 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.

"Eminem - Love The Way You Lie Ft. Rihanna." YouTube. YouTube, 05 Aug. 2010. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

"Kanye West Ft Rick Ross,Jay Z,Nicki Minaj - Monster (Official Music Video)." YouTube. YouTube, 29 Aug. 2011. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

"King Kong (1933)." - FACT (Foundation for Art and Creative Technology). N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013. http://www.fact.co.uk/whats-on/king-kong-1933.

"King Kong ( 1933, Colorized ), Part 4/18." YouTube. YouTube, 07 Sept. 2009. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

"King Kong (1/10) Movie CLIP - Human Sacrifice (2005) HD." YouTube. YouTube, 29 May 2011. Web. 16 Apr. 2013. <

"Leona Lewis - Bleeding Love." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.

Malamuth, Neil M., and James V.P. Check. "The Effects of Mass Media Exposure on Acceptance of Violence against Women: A Field Experiment." Journal of Research in Personality 15 (1981): 436-46. Web. 25 Mar. 2013.

Meyers, Marian. News Coverage of Violence against Women: Engendering Blame. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 1997. Print.

Mulac, Anthony , Laura Jansma and Daniel Linz. "Men's Behavior Toward Women after viewing Sexually-Explicit Films: Degradation Makes a Difference." Communication Monographs. 69.4 (2002): 17. Web.<http://www.comm.ucsb.edu/sites/www.comm.ucsb.edu/files/sitefiles/people/faculty/linzd/jansma_et_al_degrading_porn.pdf>.

"New Jersey." The Star-Ledger. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013. http://www.nj.com/entertainment/celebrities/index.ssf/2008/03/vogue.html.

Parekh, Rupal . "Advertising Agency & Marketing Industry News - Advertising Age." Ad for Belvedere Vodka Called out for condoning Rape. 23 Mar 2012. Web. 16 Apr 2013. <http://adage.com/article/news/ad-belvedere-vodka-called-condoning-rape/233695/>.

Ross, Karen. "Images of Women in News and Magazines." Women & Media: A Critical Introduction. By Carolyn M. Byerly. Malden: Blackwell, 2006. 42-44. Print.

Zaleski, Katharine. "LeBron James Vogue Cover Criticized For "Perpetuating Racial Stereotypes"" The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 25 Mar. 2008. Web. 16 Apr. 2013. (Trigger warning: We will be discussing the difficult topics of rape and sexual violence in general, and some might find some of our findings disturbing) -"Victims"
-"Unusual occurrences" that only "unnatural men" are capable of
-Encourages the view that these crimes are rare->"Stranger danger"
-Women are held accountable for their sufferings for behavior that is “outside the traditional role of women”
-Media scrutinizes women for how they may have been a cause
-Often times there is a implied defense of the perpetrators innocence
-Mothers of child victims are often blamed
- Long exposure increases rape support
- Acceptance of sexual stereotypes and rape myths
- Female audience develop different behaviors:
1.- Confidence damaged and high focus on body looks
2.- Decrease in acceptance towards rape and violence

-In short, all of these misportrayals come together to perpetuate rape culture and rape myths, as well as an increased objectification of women and acceptance of violence against women From Survey:
- Everyone notices the sexual messages
- Implied male dominance is understood
- Female members were more prompt to point out how innapropiate the image is
- Male members were more likely to pose a neutral or indifferent attitude - Promote consciousness raising
- Take action
-Paying attention to implied messages What Can You Do? -Pay attention to discourse:
-Vagueness-> "an argument began"
-Over completeness, adding irrelevant, framing details-> irrelevant details of drug use, for example
-Euphemisms-> "domestic violence"
-Write to those companies that are perpetuating rape culture and alert others of insensitive media! Be assertive when it comes to racial stereotypes! Survivor Blaming: Example -“In the story about the teenager raped by her mother’s live-in boyfriend, who later buried her newborn baby, the girl’s mother was arrested along with the boyfriend. And when the serial murderer was arrested for the kidnapping and murder of the 10-year-old girl in Gulfport Mississippi, her mother also was arrested, the reporter stated, “to ensure that she will testify” (Meyers 64).
-The Steubenville Case, mentioned in class -"Yes, I don't like that they're clearly in work clothes but she's being sexualized- like she can't be taken seriously." - white female
-"Didn't find anything wrong with it" - white male Our Survey Results: Do you find anything wrong with this image? If so, what? Examples of Sexualizing Violence- Music Videos:
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