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Violence Against Women in Media
Transcript of Violence Against Women in Media
-Discourse used perpetuates rape culture The Media's Blaming of the
Survivor The Media's Treatment of Victims of Different Races -Helen Benedict's 1992 study found lower class, black women to be more often blamed
-Violence against poor and black women is far less likely to receive coverage
-White women are valued by media more and black women are seen as more deserving and are rendered as animals
-Simply a category like "black woman" in news media has become a politically loaded term (promiscuous black woman stereotype, black rapist myth)
King Kong (1933) Portrayal of (Sexual) Violence Against Women as a Positive/ Attractive -Examples:
The Twilight Series, by Stephenie Meyer (2005-08) Victimization Effects of the Consumption of These Images Conclusions and Movements for Change -We focused on the media's victimization of women, blaming of the survivor, and portrayal of rape/ violence as a positive. Works Cited: Our Survey Results: Do you find anything wrong with this image? If so, what? -"Yes, I don't like that they're clearly in work clothes but she's being sexualized- like she can't be taken seriously." - white female
-"Didn't find anything wrong with it" - white male
-"He's grabbing her breast, almost choking her but that's portrayed as being sexy- men should pursue and women should just take it." - white female
-"Masculinity is more powerful than femininity" - white male
-"Man controls the woman -> humans are lustful" - white male
-"They are trying to sell sex like every other company in America" - white male
-"The males are dominant, heterosexuality is the normativity, and femininity is about objectification" - asian female What are they trying to say about sexuality? Masculinity and femininity? Do you think the image perpetuates any stereotypes or negative cultural ideas? -"Yes, that men should be in charge and women should passively just take it, in all instances even at work women are to be sexy." - white female
-"Yes, it perpetuates the idea that women are defenseless and weaker than men" - white male
-"Men objectify women" - white female
-"Perhaps that a man is in control. This is true often in a sexual scenario though" - white male
-"No, people should be able to do whatever they want to make money. Their body, their decision." - white male
-"Yes, woman are sexual objects desired by men, women have no power, men have it all" - asian female DelVecchio, Marina. "Her Circle :: A Magazine of Women's Creative Arts and Activism." Her Circle A Magazine of Womens Creative Arts and Activism. N.p., 4 May 2011. Web. 10 Apr. 2013.
"Eminem - Love The Way You Lie Ft. Rihanna." YouTube. YouTube, 05 Aug. 2010. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.
"Kanye West Ft Rick Ross,Jay Z,Nicki Minaj - Monster (Official Music Video)." YouTube. YouTube, 29 Aug. 2011. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.
"King Kong (1933)." - FACT (Foundation for Art and Creative Technology). N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013. http://www.fact.co.uk/whats-on/king-kong-1933.
"King Kong ( 1933, Colorized ), Part 4/18." YouTube. YouTube, 07 Sept. 2009. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.
"King Kong (1/10) Movie CLIP - Human Sacrifice (2005) HD." YouTube. YouTube, 29 May 2011. Web. 16 Apr. 2013. <
"Leona Lewis - Bleeding Love." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013.
Malamuth, Neil M., and James V.P. Check. "The Effects of Mass Media Exposure on Acceptance of Violence against Women: A Field Experiment." Journal of Research in Personality 15 (1981): 436-46. Web. 25 Mar. 2013.
Meyers, Marian. News Coverage of Violence against Women: Engendering Blame. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications, 1997. Print.
Mulac, Anthony , Laura Jansma and Daniel Linz. "Men's Behavior Toward Women after viewing Sexually-Explicit Films: Degradation Makes a Difference." Communication Monographs. 69.4 (2002): 17. Web.<http://www.comm.ucsb.edu/sites/www.comm.ucsb.edu/files/sitefiles/people/faculty/linzd/jansma_et_al_degrading_porn.pdf>.
"New Jersey." The Star-Ledger. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Apr. 2013. http://www.nj.com/entertainment/celebrities/index.ssf/2008/03/vogue.html.
Parekh, Rupal . "Advertising Agency & Marketing Industry News - Advertising Age." Ad for Belvedere Vodka Called out for condoning Rape. 23 Mar 2012. Web. 16 Apr 2013. <http://adage.com/article/news/ad-belvedere-vodka-called-condoning-rape/233695/>.
Ross, Karen. "Images of Women in News and Magazines." Women & Media: A Critical Introduction. By Carolyn M. Byerly. Malden: Blackwell, 2006. 42-44. Print.
Zaleski, Katharine. "LeBron James Vogue Cover Criticized For "Perpetuating Racial Stereotypes"" The Huffington Post. TheHuffingtonPost.com, 25 Mar. 2008. Web. 16 Apr. 2013. (Trigger warning: We will be discussing the difficult topics of rape and sexual violence in general, and some might find some of our findings disturbing) -"Victims"
-"Unusual occurrences" that only "unnatural men" are capable of
-Encourages the view that these crimes are rare->"Stranger danger"
-Women are held accountable for their sufferings for behavior that is “outside the traditional role of women”
-Media scrutinizes women for how they may have been a cause
-Often times there is a implied defense of the perpetrators innocence
-Mothers of child victims are often blamed
- Long exposure increases rape support
- Acceptance of sexual stereotypes and rape myths
- Female audience develop different behaviors:
1.- Confidence damaged and high focus on body looks
2.- Decrease in acceptance towards rape and violence
-In short, all of these misportrayals come together to perpetuate rape culture and rape myths, as well as an increased objectification of women and acceptance of violence against women From Survey:
- Everyone notices the sexual messages
- Implied male dominance is understood
- Female members were more prompt to point out how innapropiate the image is
- Male members were more likely to pose a neutral or indifferent attitude - Promote consciousness raising
- Take action
-Paying attention to implied messages What Can You Do? -Pay attention to discourse:
-Vagueness-> "an argument began"
-Over completeness, adding irrelevant, framing details-> irrelevant details of drug use, for example
-Euphemisms-> "domestic violence"
-Write to those companies that are perpetuating rape culture and alert others of insensitive media! Be assertive when it comes to racial stereotypes! Survivor Blaming: Example -“In the story about the teenager raped by her mother’s live-in boyfriend, who later buried her newborn baby, the girl’s mother was arrested along with the boyfriend. And when the serial murderer was arrested for the kidnapping and murder of the 10-year-old girl in Gulfport Mississippi, her mother also was arrested, the reporter stated, “to ensure that she will testify” (Meyers 64).
-The Steubenville Case, mentioned in class -"Yes, I don't like that they're clearly in work clothes but she's being sexualized- like she can't be taken seriously." - white female
-"Didn't find anything wrong with it" - white male Our Survey Results: Do you find anything wrong with this image? If so, what? Examples of Sexualizing Violence- Music Videos: