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Alexander Fleming

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Gurpreet Matharu

on 17 February 2012

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Transcript of Alexander Fleming

Brainstorm Results Research Alexander
Fleming San Francisco Budapest Important
Details (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr (cc) photo by Franco Folini on Flickr (cc) photo by jimmyharris on Flickr Stockholm (cc) photo by Metro Centric on Flickr Alexander Fleming was born on aug.8 1881 He was the 3rd of four children His Father was Hugh Fleming
His Mother was Grace Stirling Morton. Death After WWI I chose Alexander Fleming as my hero beause he discovered pencillin, even if it was an accident he still discovered it and he saved over 200 million lives. 1.www.youtube.com
2.en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alexander_Fleming
3.www.historylearningsite.co.uk/alexander_fleming_and_penicillin.htm
Assets map details doodles outlook photo frame Early Life Alexander (Alec) went to Loudoun Moor School and Darvel School, and earned a two-year scholarship to Kilmarnock Academy before moving to London, where he went to the Royal Polytechnic Institution. His older brother, Tom was already a doctor so he decided to become one as well. At the age of 22 he went to the St. Mary Hospital Medical School in Padingtom. He graduated the school with an MBBS in 1906.

MBBS= Bachelor of Medicine/Surgery
After the first World War there were many injured and wounded soldiers. The doctors that were helping them out were treating the wounds with Antiseptics. Alec did an experiment and realized that more soldiers were dying because of the Antiseptics rather than the actual wounds themselves. The antiseptics only worked on the surface not getting rid of the bacteria deep in the wound and sometimes would get rid of bacteria that would was helpful. He wrote a report about this and published it the newspaper but the doctors still used the Antiseptic, resulting in soldiers still dying. Accidental Discovery On September 3 1928, Alec came back to his lab after spending August on holidays with his family. Before leaving, he had put all his containers of staphylococci on a bench in a corner of his lab. When he came back, he noticed that one container was contaminated with a fungus, and that the other containers of staphylococci that had surrounded it had been destroyed, and the containers that were farther away were fine. Alec grew the mould and found that it was made up of a substance that killed a number of disease-causing bacteria. He found out the mould was from the Penicillium genus, and, after some time of calling it "mould juice" he named it penicillin on March 7 1929. Staphlococci: spherical gram-positive parasitic bacterium of the genus Staphylococcus, usually occurring in clusters and causing boils, septicemia, and other infections.

Personal Life Alec's first wife, Sarah, died in 1949. Their only child, Robert Fleming, became a doctor. After His first wife died he got married again at the age of 72. He married Dr. Amalia Koutsouri-Vourekas, a colleague at St. Mary's, on April 9 1953. She died in 1986. Honours & Awards Alec received the Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1945. Alec's Nobel Prize medal was found by the National Museums of Scotland in 1989, and will be on display in the Royal Museum.

Alec was a member of the Pontifical Academy of Sciences.

Alec was awarded the Hunterian Professorship by the Royal College of Surgeons of England

In 2000 three large Swedish magazines ranked penicillin as the most important discovery of the millennium. Some of these magazines estimated that about 200 million lives have been saved by this discovery. In 1955, Alexander Fleming died in his home in London of a heart attack. He was buried at St Paul's Cathedral. He died at the age of 74. He was born in Ayshire, Scotland
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