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Parts of the cells

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Camila Espinosa

on 16 September 2016

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Transcript of Parts of the cells

Animal cell
It has a nucleus.
Animals cells also contain tiny cellular structure.
Animal cells do not have a cell wall
All animal cells are multicellular.
They are eukaryotic cells
Animal cells are of various sizes and have irregular shapes.
Plant cell
Plant cells are eukaryotic cells or cells with membrane bound nucleus
They can manufacture their own food
Plants cells also contain many membrane bound cellular structures
They're larger than animal cells
Similar in size and are rectangular or cube shaped
Cells are like the building blocks of all living things. They come in all shapes and sizes
Prokaryotic cell
A single celled organism that does not have a nucleus. They consist of a single open space.
Their genetic material is not stored in the nucleus.
They have some organelles.
All bacteria are prokaryotes.
A cell is the basic unit of a living being
All about cells
Types of cells
Two types of cells:

What is a cell?
Prokaryotic cell
bacteria
Eukaryotic cell
animal
plant
Camila Espinosa
José Antonio Contreras
Gonzalo Marañón

Good to watch
Fimbriae or pili
Flagella
Nucleoid
DNA
Ribosome
Cell Membrane
Cell wall
Capsule
"Slime capsule" that may help bacteria stay together in colonies and provide protection to the cell.
Cytoplasm
Amyloplast
Centrosome
Rough ER
Smooth ER
Ribosomes
Golgi Body
Mitochondria
Chloroplast
Nuclear membrane
Nucleolus
Nucleus
Vacuole
Cell membrane
Cell wall
The cytoplasm is the substance that fills the cell. It helps movement of the cellular materials around the cell.
An amyloplast’s primary functions are the degradation and synthesis of starch.
The centrosome is where microtubules are made. During the mitosis, the centrosome divides and the two parts move to opposite sides of the dividing cell.
rough endoplasmic reticulum

Rough ER are responsible for the assembly of many proteins. This process is called translation.
smooth endoplasmic reticulum

Manufacture lipids and in some cases the metabolism of them and associated products.
Is responsible in assembling molecules of specific amino acid to form a certain protein molecule.
Looks like a sack of pancakes. The Golgi Body has many functions like sorting and processing proteins. Is also responsible for determining which proteins are to be transported outside
These organelles supply all the necessary energy of the cell.
It is the structure in a green plant cell in which photosynthesis occurs.
The chloroplasts take part in the process of photosynthesis.

The function of the nuclear membrane is to separate the nucleus of a cell from the cytoplasm that surrounds it.
The nucleolus primary function is to assemble ribosomes.
Contains most of the genetic materials of the cell. The nucleus is also referred to as the control center of the cell
Their job includes storing waste products, storing valuable water, helping maintain the pressure, balancing the pH of a cell, exporting products out of the cell, and storing proteins for seed germination.
Its known as plasma membrane. They maintain the physical integrity of the cell, and also they control the movement of particles.
They provide rigidity, structural support, protection against infections. It also helps in diffusion of gases in and out of the cell.
Peroxisome
Enzyme containing structures that help to detoxify alcohol, form bile acid, and break down fats.
Centrosome
Organelles responsible for the organization and nucleation of microtubules. Their critical for cell division.
Centriole
Organize the reunion of microtubules during cell division. They combine to make a centrosome.
Lysosome
Groups of enzymes that digest cellular macromolecules such as nucleic acids.
Ribosomes
Responsable for proteing assembly. They consist of proteins and RNA.
Cilia and flagella
Groups of microtubules of some cells that help in cellular locomotion.
Cell membrane
Thin and semi-permeable membrane that surrounds the cytoplasm of the cell.
Smooth ER
Responsable for production and metabolism of fats and steroid hormones. It is ‘smooth’ because it is not with ribosomes and is associated with smooth slippery fats.
Nucleus
A structure that contains the cell's genetic information.
Nucleolus: help extract ribosomes.
Nucleopore: allows the movement of in and out.
Rough ER
Responsable for protein production, protein folding, etc. It is called ‘rough’ because it is studded with ribosomes
Mitochondrion
Responsable of producing energy for the cell and that the cell can breathe.
Cytoplasm
The substance in the cell.
Secretory vesicles
Store proteins and small molecules until they are allowed to release them as part of the regulated secretory pathway.
Golgi apparatus
Is in charge for productin and storing some cellular products.
Cytoplasm
Substance in which all of the other cellular components are suspended.
Genetic information founded in the cytoplasm. In prokaryotic cells the DNA is in forms of circles and tangled.
Pili are like hair structures in bacterial walls that allow bacterial cells to adhere to other surfaces throughout their environment.
Allow the cell to travel freely from place to place.
Contains primary DNA material, which includes proteins and enzymes that transcribe DNA and RNA that helps with cell growth and development.
Cellular component that make proteins from all amino acids.
Is responsible for controlling what gets into and out of the cell.
Provide rigidity, tensile strength, structural support, protection against mechanical stress and infections.
Full transcript