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Transcript of Knowlton's Rangers
Battle of Harlem Heights
The Battle of Harlem Heights took place on September 16, 1776. George Washington and the Rangers came upon a encampment of British soldiers. Washington sent 150 Rangers, including Knowlon, and a brigade of one thousand to destroy the encampment and kill the soldiers. But one of the Rangers fired to early and gave away their location to the enemy. Thanks to Knowlton's quick thinking, the battle was salvaged and the Americans won. But not before 150 soldiers were killed, including Thomas Knowlon.
Quinn, Ruth. "Knowlton's Rangers: part of an elite Military Intelligence tradition." The Free Library. N.p., 1 Jul 2012. Web. 7 Nov 2013. <thefreelibrary.com>.
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Crews, Ed. "Spies and Scouts, Secret Writing, and Sympathetic Citizens." Colonial Williamsburg. Colonial Williamsburg Foundation. Web. 7 Nov 2013. <history.org>.
"LT. COL. THOMAS KNOWLTON, CONNECTICUT'S FORGOTTEN HERO."
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Connecticut Sons of the American Revolution. Web. 13 Nov 2013. <connecticutsar.org>.
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The most famous of the Rangers, Nathan Hale. The most notorious spy in the world. Born in Coventry, Connecticut, on June 6, 1755. Hale was a smart lad and became a schoolteacher. When war started American colonies, he joined a Connecticut regiment and served in the siege of Boston, and was made a captain in 1776. He joined the Knowlton Rangers and was sent behind enemy lines in guise as French teacher. Hale was then unfortunely captured by the British and hanged for espionage on September 22, 1776.
The Knowlton Rangers
In August 12, 1776, George Washington ordered Lt. Col. Thomas Knowlton to form a elite group of soldiers for the sole purpose of reconnaissance and the collection of information. This group was would be known as Knowlton's Rangers. They were the first organized elite troops in America and are the taproot of all intelligence gathering agencies today.
On November 22, 1740, Thomas Knowlton was born in West Boxford Massachusetts. In 1755, Knowlton fought in the French and Indian War in with his brother, Daniel. And after the Battles of Lexington and Concord, Knowlton joined the Ashford Company, a local militia. During his term, Knowlton fought in the Battles of Breed's Hill, Bunker Hill, Harlem's Heights, and was even in the siege of Boston. August 12, 1776, George Washington promoted him to Lieutenant Colonel, and gave him command of the Rangers, which are named after him. Knowlton died September 16, 1776 in the Battle of Harlem Heights. After his death, George Washington reported said, "The gallant and brave Col. Knowlton, who would have been an honor to any country, having fallen yesterday while gloriously fighting."