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The technological advances of the Renaissance

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al pa

on 14 May 2013

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Transcript of The technological advances of the Renaissance

during the What advances were made? Who made the advances? When did the Renaissance occur? When did the advances occur? Why did they make the advances? What advances do we still use? In the 1200s, cards and money were starting to come out. They used a technique called block-printing which is ineffective due to a the fact that each of the characters or pictures needed to be cut into separate blocks and then inked and put onto paper. It was a very expensive and time consuming. The amount of literate people, governments and businesses having written records forced a less-costly method of printing paper. The creator of movable type was Johannes Gutenberg (c.1398-1468). Gutenberg created an alloy of lead, tin and antinomy that could be formed at low temperature and be durable enough for the press. This makes it possible to reuse the pieces for the future. Simply by putting them in the desired order, individual letters, easily movable, were put together to form words. Since letters could be arranged into any format, an infinite variety of texts could be printed by reusing and resetting the type. Clocks (1300’s), eyeglasses (1200’s), flush toilet (1596), rockets (1670-1729), microscope and telescope lenses (1590-1608), printing press (1436), submarine (1578, 1620), wallpaper (1496), match (1680), barometer(1643), thermometer (1593), Globe (1490-1492), pencil (1564), anemometer(1450), screwdriver(1400’s) Leonardo da Vinci (submarine, bicycle, tank, diving suit, glider), Guillaume Cassegrain (telescope), Johannes Gutenberg (printing press), William Borne(submarine), Cornelis Drebbel (submarine), Sir John Harrington (Flush toilet), Spanish (graded lenses), Brunellesch, Robert Boyle (match), Giovanni di Dondi (clock), Evangelista Torricelli (barometer), Galileo (thermometer), leon battista alberti (anemometer) Leonardo da Vinci designed such things like a bicycle, glider, tank and diving suit, but they wouldn’t appear for another 400 or 500 years. He made his notes backward so that no one could read them unless they knew how to use a mirror for it. Da Vinci seemed to believe that the Earth was not at the center of the universe. He made a bridge design that he wanted to use, but people thought that a suspension bridge was impossible to make work. His bridge design would later be tested and be found to be completely sound. He studied the forces of water and then he wanted that to make Milan full of canals to run construction machines. He had visions for water snowshoes, webbed gloves, breathing devises, a life preserver, and underwater devises to attack ships. Some of these things that he designed we still use and probably wouldn’t have them at all if it weren't for him. He drew lots of paintings that were on wood which can rot, unfortunately. He made a bunch of drawings at the end of his life to try and understand the forces of nature with his drawings of hurricanes and the like. He traveled to Milan after living in Florence, then he moved back to Florence. He lived in a Vatican palace, until he died. We use almost all of the inventions that were made then and if we don't use them now then we use some variation of them. During the Renaissance there was an explosion of ideas and life in art and science. Though just like any other period in time, inventions will always be made at an ever increasing rate because of the more educated people. Galileo made his inventions because he was a great astronomer and needed a better way to see the galaxies. Leonardo da Vinci was a very brilliant person with a very creative mind. This is a picture of a globe. This is a picture of a thermometer A pencil "lead free" This is a clock of the time period It occurred in the 14th through 17th centuries. The renaissance was a time of trade and exploration. The Renaissance means “rebirth” as it was a rebirth in the arts and sciences. When the renaissance began in the 1300’s there were more than 250 states. During the 1400’s it spread outside of Italy to France, England, Germany and Spain. It was a time for rebirth in art as well. Art changed to have more real features and natural settings. Before this period paintings were mainly a religious theme and not very realistic features. Born in Pisa, Tuscany in 1564 the young Galileo Galilei was born to a revolutionary musician. Then at age 17 he attended the University of Pisa. He was originally enrolled as a medical student but then changed studies to be a math student despite his fathers wishes of him becoming a medical student. He proved to be a very excellent math student and in his twenties he wrote some tracts extending the results of Archimedes on centers of gravity of shapes. When he was 25 he was appointed to become the chair of Mathematics at Pisa. He moved at age 28 to Padua in the Venetian Republic in 1592, then at age 46 he moved again. In the year of 1599 he met a woman named Marina Gamba, who was 21 years old to his 35. They had three children together. He also spent time with a Venetian nobleman named Sagredo, in the town and at his palace. Another good friend of Galileos’s was Fra Paolo Sarpi, who was a Servites friar, and he was an official theologian to the Republic of Venice in the year of 1606, at the time when Pope Paul had Venice put under an interdict. The tensions between Venice and Rome had been caused by the fact that Venice wanted to tax the Roman churches. The Jesuits were then expelled from Venice. In the year of 1610, when Galileo was 46 he developed and popularized the telescope. He discovered the moons of Jupiter, mountains of the moon, the phases of Venus and other astronomical discoveries. He named the moons of the planet Jupiter after the Royal Family of the Medici, he got the job of being the mathematician and philosopher of the Grand Duke of Tuscany. Then he was able to return finally to his homeland. This upset his friends from Venice because they had worked very hard to get him his job at Padua. Dowling, Mike. "Ferdinand Magellan," Mr Dowling. Ed. Mike Dowling. 6 January.2005. Mr Dowling. Web. 16 May 2011http://www.mrdowling.com/704-magellan.html

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Summers, David. “Leonardo da Vinci” World Book. 2004 ed. Print This is an airscrew invented by Leonardo da Vinci This is a telescope invented by Guillaume Cassegrain This is a printing press A glider invented by Leonardo Da Vinci What technological were made advances Renaissance? The clock was a way to keep time in the 1300’s as it is now. The clock of the 1300s was a water wheel because this was the only way of energy that they had then. The mechanical clock was first invented in 1364 by an Italian clockmaker by the name of Giovanni di Dondi. The pencil was made when a huge black graphite mine was found. The pure graphite was sawn into sheets then it was cut into rods and then were put into hand cut wooden rods. When it was first made people were mistaken that it contained lead when it doesn’t contain any lead at all. Now people are still calling it lead even when it is lead free. The barometer was designed in 1643. The barometer measures the weight of the column of air that goes from the bottom of the barometer to the top of the atmosphere. The two types of barometers that of used are mercury and aneroid, meaning fluid less’. The anemometer was made in 1450 that could measure wind speed and airflow.

The thermometer was a bit of water in a glass bulb. Then water moved up and down as the temperature changed. They can use mercury now. Bibliography The technological advances of the Renaissance were revolutionary because and practical ones, which were signs of the rebirth of culture. of Leonardo da Vinci, Galileo, and many others’ inventions, both dreamy We have talked about inventions throughout the year because it is a major part of life. We have talked about Chinese inventions and medieval inventions and the Islamic inventions and African Inventions. Leonardo da Vinci was more of an all around person, which describes a lot of how the Renaissance was. Every other time in history people have excelled in one thing or another, but few have excelled like Leonardo da Vinci. However like, da Vinci, in the late ninetieth century a man of the name of Thomas Edison, also excelled greatly as an inventor. Both of these two men have created hundreds of inventions and were great contributors to our society. Thomas Edison was unlike Leonardo in that he was an inventor without being a big artist. Connections The Cassegrain telescope was made by a man named Sieur Guillaume Cassegrain in 1672. It has two lenses that send the light back and forth to see. There are 3 types of telescopes that were invented then.
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