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Personality Theories

Psychology 30 Ms. So

gianne villanueva

on 29 April 2010

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Transcript of Personality Theories

Psychology 30 Humanistic Theorists Abraham Maslow Carl Rogers Carl Rogers: Abraham Maslow: Positive regard: Term to represent love, affection, attention, nurturance, etc. 
(EG. Babies need love to survive.) What is personality? A simple idea in seeing “people as basically good or healthy -- or at very least, not bad or ill.  In other words, he sees mental health as the normal progression of life, and he sees mental illness, criminality, and other human problems, as distortions of that natural tendency.” What is the humanistic theory? Humanistic theory refers to one’s perspective of one’s self; how one views themselves through their experiences. Humanistic argue that one is free to choose their own behavior rather than react to the external environment stimuli/reinforcements. Conditions of worth: Pressured by society in making us think that we need to “earn” what we need. And prove “worthy” to have our “reward”.
Conditional positive self-regard: Just like classical conditioning, where we only like ourself when we meet up with the standards other people have for us instead of developing our own potentials. It is a psychological way to maintain self-esteem. The actualizing tendency: built-in motivation for individuals to develop their potentials to the fullest extent possible. (Which means beyond “survival”) Non-directive / client-centered / Rogerian therapy
Whole idea: to be “supportive, not re-constructive" Abraham Maslow developed this model that basic, low level needs such as physiological requirements and safety must be satisfied before the higher level needs such as self-fulfillment are pursued. When a need is mostly satisfied, it no longer motivates and the next higher need takes its place. Maslow later added onto his model a level of the need for knowledge and aesthetics in between esteem and self-actualization. Self-Actualization it is the peak of Maslow’s hierarchy of needs. Unlike the other lower level needs, this need is never fully satisfied, since as one grows psychologically, there are always new opportunities to continue to grow. People that are self-actualized tend to have needs such as truth, justice, wisdom, meaning. THE END (:
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