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Basics of LaTeX : A Tutorial

A Prezi made for the LaTeX workshop organized by College of Engineering and Applied Science Library at University of Cincinnati
by

AMAL CHATURVEDI

on 30 January 2014

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Transcript of Basics of LaTeX : A Tutorial

LaTeX
Workshop
on
Organized By
CEAS Library
Instructor
Amal Chaturvedi
Graduate Assistant
LaTeX
Introduction
Pronounced 'lay-tech' or 'lah-tech'
Document preparation system for high quality typesetting
Uses markup commands and a typesetting program TEX
Used for publishing scientific reports, articles, theses, books etc.
Don't
need to worry about the formatting
Concentrate
on the content
.tex
(input)
LaTeX
.dvi
(Printer)
(PostScript)
(Portable Document Format)
(designed so that the output can be printed/viewed on any device)
Source text marked up with logical structure
Document classes define the formatting of the content
1. Consistent layout, fonts, tables etc. throughout the presentation
II. Mathematical formulae can be easily typeset
III. Indices, references, footnotes can be easily generated
IV. Correctly structured document (document style could be easily changed)
I. Does not follow WYSIWYG. Cannot see the final output straight away
II. Need to learn the markup commands
III. Sometimes more tedious than visual approach (eg. tables)
Let's Begin!
Windows
Linux
Most distributions have a TeX system including LaTeX.
Check software source for a TeX package, otherwise
Install TexLive directly
MacOS X
MacTex: A complete TeX system with LaTeX
proTeXt : Easy to install complete LaTeX system
or
Download MikTeX and TeXnicCenter individually
MikTeX : the actual compiler
TeXnicCenter : text editor which knows where MikTeX is on the system
Compile the code : click on
or press Ctrl+f7
\documentclass{article}
\usepackage{babel}

\begin{document}
\title{CEAS Library}
\author{Amal Chaturvedi}
\date{\today}
\maketitle
...
Contents
...
\begin{bibliography}
...
\end{bibliography}
\end{document}
}
}
}
}
Preamble
Front Matter
Body
Back Matter
Environments in LaTeX
Sometimes using the general commands while writing long paragraphs could be troublesome

Environments - Paragraph styles / formatting
\begin{environment name}
...
\end{environment name}
Environment name : abstract, center, figure etc.
Math
Environments in Math
Math


Displaymath



Equation
\begin{math}...\end{math}
LaTeX Shorthand : \(...\)
TeX Shorthand : $...$
\begin{displaymath}...\end{displaymath}
LaTeX Shorthand : \[...\]
TeX Shorthand : $$...$$
displays the mathematical statements in the same line with the general text
Separates the mathematical formulae with the general text
used to number the formulae
\begin{equation}...\end{equation}
Directly accessible symbols
+-==!/()[]<>|'
Some commonly used math commands
Fractions :

\frac{numerator}{denominator}
eg. \frac{a}{b}


\frac{\frac{a}{b}-\frac{a+b}{c-d}}{c+d}
Powers and Indices :

Power : x^n, x^2n, x^{2n} (What's the difference?)


Index : x_n, x_2n, x_{2n}
Roots and Brackets :

Root : \sqrt[n]{\frac{a}{b+c}} ; n is optional


Brackets : (\frac{a}{b}) \times \left(\frac{c}{d}\right)
Images
Things to know

\usepackage{graphicx} in the preamble
Supports .eps, .jpeg, .png
\begin{figure}...\end{figure}
\includegraphics[optional1,optional 2..]{image}
Don't forget to put the image in the same folder
Bibliography
Two ways to include Bibliography
Bibitem
To add the references manually
Not going to use the same references again?
Environment : thebibliography
use at the end of the document
Cross-referenced and numbers itself automatically
References are not portable
\begin{thebibliography}{100}

\bibitem{cite_key}
Author's Name,
\emph{\LaTeX: A Document Preparation System}.
Cincinnati, Ohio,
nth Edition,
2011.

\end{thebibliography}
To Cite
Put \cite{cite_key} at the end of the sentence or the paragraph
e.g. ,Latex makes the tedious report writing so easy. \cite{amal}
Multiple Citations
Separate them by a comma
e.g., Latex makes the tedious report writing so easy. \cite{amal, cite_key2, cite_key3}
Need a Database for the References?
BibTeX
Simple and Easy
Uses a structured bibliography .bib file
.bib file should be in the same folder
@ref_type{uniq_key,
field1 = "...",
field2 = "...",
...
}
ref_type : article, book, etc.
field : author, title, volume, year, etc.
uniq_key : defined by you to cite the reference
@article{goossens93,
author = "Michel Goossens",
title = "LaTeX",
year = "1993",
publisher = "Addison-Wesley",
address = "Reading, Massachusetts"
}
Order of fields is not important
Using the Database
\bibliography{bibfile_name} - No need to use the .bib extension

\bibliographystyle{style}
Standard styles : plain, alpha, abbrv, unsort
Publishers often supply their own style files
Citing References
\cite{ref_key1, ref_key2, ...}
Major Databases support BibTeX reference entries
Preferences
Bibliography Manager
Download Citations
Select the article
Export Formats
Select the article
Export
Packages
\usepackage[package-opts]{package_name}
Always declared in the preamble
Simplifies complex tasks
Provides new commands / environments
eg. babel, color, geometry etc.
You can create almost all necessary things using specific packages
Math
Tables
Images
Language Support
PPTs (Use Beamer) and
Many More...
Superior output than Word Processors
Stable : Never crashes / gets corrupted
It's Free !
complex structures such as footnotes, references, table of contents, and bibliographies can be generated easily
http://www.engrlib.uc.edu/workshops/latex/

www.andy-roberts.net/misc/latex/

www.tex.ac.uk/cgi-bin/texfaq2html?introduction=yes

LaTeX wiki book

http://www.latex-project.org
Thanks for attending the CEAS Library workshop
Please do take the Survey!!
Press F5 or click on to see the output
(Screen)
Sectioning Commands
\chapter{name}
\section{name}
\subsection{name}
etc.
Let's try a few maths commands!
Inline :
We all know that $\frac{1}{23} \times 23 = 1$. This was an easy fraction.

We all know that \(\frac{1}{23} \times 23 = 1 \). This was an easy fraction.
or
We all know that \begin{math}\frac{1}{23} \times 23 = 1 \end{math}. This was an easy fraction.
Separate Line :
This one works $$lim_{x\to\infty}\frac{1+\frac{1}{1+x}}{x}$$ for the next line.

This one works \[lim_{x\to\infty}\frac{1+\frac{1}{1+x}}{x}\] for the next line.
or
This one works \begin{displaymath} lim_{x\to\infty}\frac{1+\frac{1}{1+x}}{x} \end{displaymath} for the next line.
Numbering the equations :
\begin{equation}
(a+b)^2=a^2+b^2+2ab
\end{equation}
\includegraphics{image_name}
\includegraphics[scale=0.5]{image_name}
\includegraphics[width=0.25]{image_name}
\includegraphics[scale=0.5,angle=45]{image_name}
\includegraphics[trim=10mm 25mm 5mm 8mm,clip]{image_name}
\begin{figure}
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[scale=0.05]{paris}
\end{center}
\caption{Eiffel Tower at Night}
\end{figure}
\begin{figure}
\begin{center}
\includegraphics[scale=0.05,angle = 45]{paris}
\end{center}
\caption{Eiffel Tower at Night}
\end{figure}
Welcome
to
CEAS Library Workshops
Instructor
Amal Chaturvedi
Graduate Assistant
CEAS Library
Special symbols

$ & % # _ { } \
To use these symbols

\$ \& \% \# \_ \{ \} \backslash
Full transcript