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Transactional Analysis

By Maggie Callander ECG 530

Maggie Callander

on 16 May 2010

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Transcript of Transactional Analysis

Transactional Analysis Transactional analysis
Beginnings Created by San Francisco Psychiatrist Eric Berne MD in the 1950's
Founder of the International Tranactional Analysis Association
1950's today's
multicultuaal schools POP psychology A sophisticated theory of
Personality ,Motivation & Problem solving One of the best selling self-help books ever published.
Practical guide to TA as a method for solving problems in life.
First published in 1969
1972, made the New York Times Best Sellers List
Remained there for almost two years.
15 million copies and translated into over a dozen languages
Was not intended as an academic or theoretical introduction to TA or deal with advanced topics in psychology
Offered a popular science interpretation of TA.
Is sometimes seen as a dismissive categorization of all popular psychology philosophies as being overly accepting.
The phrase I'm OK, You're OK is a common cliché in anglophone culture among older generations
References still showing up in songs, television and movies
Influence on Pop Culture Carrying the Torch Claude M. Steiner
Worked as Berne's ‘disciple’
Still active promoter of TA today
A Warm Fuzzy Tale Philosophy Key concepts Ego States Strokes OK Scripts and games Goals of counselling as a ta Therapist Techniques Applications References 2010 1960 - now Limitations Contributions Group
Individual counselling
All ages
Suitable for many problems (drug addiction, alcoholism, behaviour, parenting, interpersonal)
Diagnosis and analysis of transactions
Script analysis, personal style and ego states questionnaires
Use of Contracts
Use of Homework
Clients participate actively
Equal relationship
De-emphasize the status of the therapist
Client and therapist contract for desired change
Help client understand self and others
focuses on creating productive problem solving behaviours
Help client stop ‘playing games’ and make appropriate risks to seek relationships
Become script free, game free and autonomous
People are capable of choosing how they want to be
Help clients examine early decisions and make new ones based on awareness
Make new decisions for future behaviour and direction in life
Original version by Claude Steiner

Main Entry: warm-and-fuzzy
Part of Speech: n, adj
Definition: any person or thing that gives others comfort, reassurance, or a friendly feeling; also called warm fuzzy, warm fuzzies
Example: We love staying at that inn; it gives us the warm-and-fuzzies.
Usage: usu. pl.
Derived from existentialism
People have the potential for change
What was decided can be undecided
Early decisions and scripting can be changed through awareness
You and I are OK, but sometimes our behaviour is not OK
Examines relationships
We all have scripts that we should be aware of, especially as teachers
Looking at ego states and games can give understanding to interpersonal exchanges
Contracts can be useful
Student is part of therapeutic process
Terminology can be unfamiliar and difficult to grasp
Concepts are complex such as structure and dynamic subcomponents of ego states
Challenging lifescripts can be problematic as lifescripts may be rooted in cultural heritage
Taboo to doubt family traditions and values talk about family matters outside the family and have traditions challenged
Trusting relationship between therapist and client must be established

Contract approach can overcome limitations
Empowering clients with their own responsibility to choose what aspects of family life they are willing to change or share
Eric Berne (1972) defined ego states the following way: ‘Ego states are coherent systems of thought and feeling manifested by corresponding patterns of behavior’.

Nurturing Parent
Critical Parent
Adapted Child
Natural Child
If we have a basic biological need for recognition with motivational implications, then human relationships involving recognition and contact are essential.
Berne called a unit of contact or recognition a ‘stroke’
Need to belong is powerful, fundamental and a pervasive mothivation
Berne came up with three roles in any given game Rescuer, Victim, Procecutor
These roles can be interchangeable
Scripts are life scripts
Decisions made in childhood can shape someone’s life
Childhood could influence a tragic lifelong script
These decisions can be supported by games and the roles people play in them
Games are building blocks of scripts

OK existential position
The Universal Position
People are born OK
Natural tendency towards health and trust of others
Being OK is a positive experience of self
One can feel accepting or not accepting about themselves and others (OK or not OK)
Four main existential positions:
I’m Ok, You’re OK
I’m OK, You’re Not OK
I’m Not OK, You’re OK
I’m Not OK, You’re Not OK

Maggie Callander
ECC 530
Burnaby Cohort Overcoming Limitations Eric Berne MD
1910-1970 "The TA therapist’s task is to help the person to regain its inner child’s innate "Okness" so that it will be able to obtain the recognition or "strokes" --in short, the love--that it needs and so that the whole person can function in a positive manner. As consultants, educators and organizers, transactional analysts with their skills in analyzing transactional patterns are able to understand, predict and help improve people’s communication and productivity. (Steiner, 2010) Educational TA ...is preventative and restorative
According to the ITAA, the key philosophical concepts of Educational TA are:

Effective educators offer empathic acceptance of all human beings as people together with respect for their dignity. These qualities are at the heart of successful learning relationships.
People at any age and stage can learn to take responsibility for their own decisions and actions.
Educational difficulties can be addressed effectively with co-operative goodwill and a coherent theoretical framework that makes sense of the human dynamics involved.
The process of educational TA is contractual, so that all parties know where they stand, and what agreements have been made for what purposes. Throughout the process the ideas and methods of TA are used openly to promote informed co-operation and the sharing of power between all parties.

Association, I. T. (2010). TA. Retrieved 05 12, 2010, from www.itaa-net.org/ta/.

Corey, G. (2009). Theory and practice of counseling and psychotherapy (8th Ed.). Belmont, USA:
Brooks/Cole, Cengage Learning.

Palmer, S. (n.d.). Class handout. Vancouver, Canada: University of British Columbia.

Steiner, C. (2010, 05 01). Home Page. Retrieved 05 01, 2010, from www.claudesteiner.com.

Steiner, C. (n.d.). Transactional Analysis. Retrieved 05 01, 2010, from www.claudesteiner.com.

Warm Fuzzies. (1999). Retrieved 05 12, 2010, from www.urbandictionary.com.

Interesting video on how a school in England has embrased TA for challenging behaviour.
Full transcript