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The ILO Protocol on Forced Labour

A presentation on the Forced Labour Protocol

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Transcript of The ILO Protocol on Forced Labour

What is forced labour?
The 2014 Protocol to the ILO Convention on Forced Labour
Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
Article 2

"All work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily."

25 million
forced labourers
"It is the fruit of our
collective determination
to put an
to an abomination which still afflicts our world of work, and to free its 21 million victims."

37 % men
63 % women
4.3 million
children in forced labour
Regional figures of people trapped in forced labour
Adoption of new ILO instruments
Sectors at risk
Protection (Article 3 and 4 (2))
Remedies (Article 4 (1))
Ensuring victims' access to appropriate and effective remedies, such as
, irrespective of their presence or legal status in the territory.
Overwhelmingly adopted
is in forced labour today?
Prevention (Article 2)

Educating and informing

those considered particularly vulnerable, employers and the wider public.

Extending the


and enforcement of relevant laws to all workers and sectors.

labour inspection
and other services responsible for implementation of these laws

Protection from abuses arising during the
recruitment process


due diligence
by the public and private sectors.


root causes

and factors that heighten the risks of forced labour.
Effective measures for the identification, release, protection, recovery, and rehabilitation of victims

Protecting victims

from punishment
for unlawful activities that they were compelled to commit.
Protection (Article 3 and 4(2))
The Protocol may be ratified by any ILO member State that has
also ratified Convention No. 29.
The Convention itself remains open for ratification.
Who can ratify the Protocol?
Steps towards ratification
Following registration of its second ratification. Thereafter, it enters into force for any ratifying member twelve months after ratification.
When will the Protocol enter into force?
Ratifying member States: Progress report submission every 3 years, to be examined by the ILO supervisory bodies.

Non-ratifying member States: must participate in the annual reporting and review process
How will ILO supervision work?
do they do?
83 % exploited
in the private economy
Domestic Work
US $150

illegal profits/year!
regions are affected

1. Accepts it as a legally binding instrument
2. Makes a formal commitment to implement the obligations in that instrument.
3. Accepts the ILO supervisory system, in which social partners may intervene.
By Ratifying the Protocol, a government:
As the Protocol supplements the fundamental ILO Convention No. 29...
- Guy Ryder, ILO Director General
For more information...
ILO Indicators of Forced Labour
The Protocol reaffirms the definition of forced labour
contained in Convention No. 29
ILC, June 2014
ILC, June 2014
Debt bondage
Excessive overtime
Abusive working
living conditions
Withholding of wages
Physical/Sexual Violence
Restriction of movement
Abuse of vulnerability
Retention of
identity documents
A two-year process
June 2012

Detailed analysis of law and policy to
identify possible gaps
February 2013

Tripartite meeting of Experts recommend to discuss the adoption of supplementary measures.
July 2013

Publication of Law and Practice Report and questionnaire sent to ILO constituents.
March 2014

Publication of summarized replied and proposed draft instruments.
June 2014

Discussions on prevention, protection and compensation measures, to effectively eliminate forced labour were held at the International Labour Conference.
Main provisions of the protocol
International Cooperation
Effective measures
So what can
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In giving effect to their obligation to suppress forced labour under the Forced Labour Convention, the Protocol requires States to take effective measures to prevent and eliminate forced labour, to provide victims protection and access to appropriate and effective remedies, such as compensation, and to sanction perpetrators.
Development of a national policy and plan of action in consultation with
employers' and workers' organizations.
Systematic action taken in coordination with these organizations as well as with other groups concerned.
Measures taken under the Protocol must include specific action against trafficking in persons for forced labour
Effective Measures (Article 1(1))
Implementation and consultation (Article 1(2))
Trafficking in persons (Article 1(3))
Cooperation between and among States to prevent and eliminate forced labour.
International Cooperation (Article 5)
Special Action Programme to combat Forced Labour
International Labour Organization

Creation and Design: Ashley Anderson
Illustrations: Gill Button
Video: Blink

ILO 2015 Copyright
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