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International Labour Organization

A presentation on the Forced Labour Protocol
by

SAP-FL ILO

on 19 September 2015

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Transcript of International Labour Organization

What is forced labour?
The 2014 Protocol to the ILO Convention on Forced Labour
Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29)
Article 2

"All work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily."

21 million
forced labourers
"It is the fruit of our
collective determination
to put an
end
to an abomination which still afflicts our world of work, and to free its 21 million victims."

Protection
Remedies
45% Men
55% Women
5.5 million
children in forced labour
Regional figures of people trapped in forced labour
Adoption of new ILO instruments
Sectors at risk
Prevention
Protection (Article 3 and 4 (2))
Remedies (Article 4 (1))
Ensuring victims' access to appropriate and effective remedies, such as
compensation
, irrespective of their presence or legal status in the territory.
Overwhelmingly adopted
Who
is in forced labour today?
Prevention (Article 2)

Educating and informing

those considered particularly vulnerable, employers and the wider public.

Extending the

coverage

and enforcement of relevant laws to all workers and sectors.

Strengthening
labour inspection
and other services responsible for implementation of these laws

Protection from abuses arising during the
recruitment process
.

Supporting

due diligence
by the public and private sectors.

Addressing

root causes

and factors that heighten the risks of forced labour.
Effective measures for the identification, release, protection, recovery, and rehabilitation of victims

Protecting victims

from punishment
for unlawful activities that they were compelled to commit.
Protection (Article 3 and 4(2))
The Protocol may be ratified by any ILO member State that has
also ratified Convention No. 29.
The Convention itself remains open for ratification.
Who can ratify the Protocol?
Steps towards ratification
Following registration of its second ratification. Thereafter, it enters into force for any ratifying member twelve months after ratification.
When will the Protocol enter into force?
Ratifying member States: Progress report submission every 3 years, to be examined by the ILO supervisory bodies.

Non-ratifying member States: must participate in the annual reporting and review process
How will ILO supervision work?
What
do they do?
90 % exploited
in the private economy
Construction
Entertainment
Fishing
Domestic Work
Agriculture
Manufacturing
US $150

billion
illegal profits/year!
All
regions are affected
Protocol

1. Accepts it as a legally binding instrument
2. Makes a formal commitment to implement the obligations in that instrument.
3. Accepts the ILO supervisory system, in which social partners may intervene.
By Ratifying the Protocol, a government:
As the Protocol supplements the fundamental ILO Convention No. 29...
www.ilo.org/forcedlabour
- Guy Ryder, ILO Director General
For more information...
ILO Indicators of Forced Labour
The Protocol reaffirms the definition of forced labour
contained in Convention No. 29
ILC, June 2014
ILC, June 2014
Intimidation
&
threats
Debt bondage
Isolation
Excessive overtime
Abusive working
&
living conditions
Withholding of wages
Physical/Sexual Violence
Restriction of movement
Deception
Abuse of vulnerability
Retention of
identity documents
A two-year process
Recommendation
a
June 2012

Detailed analysis of law and policy to
identify possible gaps
February 2013

Tripartite meeting of Experts recommend to discuss the adoption of supplementary measures.
July 2013

Publication of Law and Practice Report and questionnaire sent to ILO constituents.
March 2014

Publication of summarized replied and proposed draft instruments.
June 2014

Discussions on prevention, protection and compensation measures, to effectively eliminate forced labour were held at the International Labour Conference.
Main provisions of the protocol
International Cooperation
Effective measures
Implementation
Trafficking
So what can
you
do?
50
for
freedom
.org
Get involved in ending modern slavery
ilo.org/forcedlabour
#50FF
@ILO_EndSlavery
Follow on Twitter
Sign up to the campaign
Learn about the issues

In giving effect to their obligation to suppress forced labour under the Forced Labour Convention, the Protocol requires States to take effective measures to prevent and eliminate forced labour, to provide victims protection and access to appropriate and effective remedies, such as compensation, and to sanction perpetrators.
Development of a national policy and plan of action in consultation with
employers' and workers' organizations.
Systematic action taken in coordination with these organizations as well as with other groups concerned.
Measures taken under the Protocol must include specific action against trafficking in persons for forced labour
Effective Measures (Article 1(1))
Implementation and consultation (Article 1(2))
Trafficking in persons (Article 1(3))
Cooperation between and among States to prevent and eliminate forced labour.
International Cooperation (Article 5)
Special Action Programme to combat Forced Labour
International Labour Organization


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