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Middle Ages vs. Renaissance Music
Transcript of Middle Ages vs. Renaissance Music
Gutenberg Press made distribution of music and musical theory possible on a wide scale.
The first form of music was written in this time period.
The music was written by monks as prayers called Gregorian Chants.
Gregorian chants were performed in church during mass.
The music of the middle ages is the earliest documented music.
Renaissace period set the pace for music today.
The rise of polyphony had begun.
This era that the definition between secular music and sacred music began.
The renaissance period set the bar for the different rhythms, harmony, form, and notation.
Monophonic- these chants were writte in intervals of 4 and 5 because they were said to be more holy, monophonic single line texture or medley without accompinament.
Gregorian chant- was performed in a church setting, called mass, that was broken into two sections.
Polyphonic- a style of musical composition employing two or more simultaneous, but relatively independent, melodic lines.
Motet- polyphonic vocal genre, secular in the Middle Ages, but sacred or devotional there after.
Josquin Des Prez
Time period 1600-1750AD
Bigger than life mentality
A lot of great instruments and composers came from this era.
Suite- multi-movement work made of a series of contrasting dance movements generally all in the same key.
Concerto- instrumental genre in several movements for solo instruments and orchestra.
The organ, violin, trumpet, and harpsichord and others were all created in this unique era.
Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 21, 1685 in Eisenach, Germany in the province of Thuringia.
Bach was an orphan by the age of 10.
Born: February 23, 1685 in Halle, Germany.
Died: April 14, 1759 in London.
Born: March 4, 1678 in Venice, Italy.
Died: July 28, 1741 in Venice.
Buried: Unknown pauper's (poor person's) grave in Hospital Burial Ground in Vienna.
Time Period: 1750-1820
- Music form and structure was the basis to the music made in this era.
- This music era opened up music for the middle-class because music and instruments were cheaper.
Symphony: Large work for orchestra, generally in three or four movements
Sonata: Instrumental genre in several movements for soloist or small ensemble.
Form: Structure and design in music, based on repetition, contrast and variation; the organizing principle of music.
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Time Period: 1750 to 1870
Major changes in concepts such as form, key, instrumentation, and expressions occured to a dramatic extent.
-Chromatic Harmony :
Use of chords containing tones not found in the prevailing major or minor scale.
-Modified Strophic Form:
Form in which two or more stanzas of poetry are set to the same music while other stanzas have new music; found in art songs of the Romantic period.
-Born December 17, 1770
-Died March 26, 1827
-Beethoven was famous for his music from his childhood to today's classical music.
-Beethoven lost his hearing in 1798, the cause is unknown.
-Born July 26, 1791
-Died July 29, 1844
-Mozart was a composer, pianist, conductor, and teacher.
-His music was heavily influenced by his father's mature style.
-Born November 14, 1778
-Died October 17, 1837
-Austrian composer and virtuoso pianist.
-His music reflects the transition from the Classical to the Romantic musical era.
Opera was created in Italy as entertainment. Around 1700, opera was reformed to separate comedy from tragedy. The operas were divided into two types, seria (serious opera) and buffa (comic opera).
Opera is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting.
Romantic opera began in the late 18th or early 19th century. It was related to Romanticism, the European artistic and literacy movement that arose in the seond half of the 18th century.
Movement in music among various composers in Western classical music, mainly during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
Western art movement that borrows visual forms from non-Western or prehistoric peoples.
First applied to music in 1918. The three central figures of musical expressionism are Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, and Alban Berg.
A response to German Modernism in the first part of the 20th century. It was an anti-progress, anti-industrial, and anti-innovative musical style. This was inspired by composers looking back to historical musical influences.