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Middle Ages vs. Renaissance Music

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Ryan McIntire

on 6 January 2016

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Transcript of Middle Ages vs. Renaissance Music

Middle Ages vs. Renaissance Music
Middle Ages
Renaissance
Gutenberg Press made distribution of music and musical theory possible on a wide scale.
Middle Ages
The first form of music was written in this time period.
240-1150 AD
Middle Ages
The music was written by monks as prayers called Gregorian Chants.
Gregorian chants were performed in church during mass.
The music of the middle ages is the earliest documented music.
Renaissance
Renaissace period set the pace for music today.
1450-1520AD
Renaissance
The rise of polyphony had begun.
This era that the definition between secular music and sacred music began.
The renaissance period set the bar for the different rhythms, harmony, form, and notation.
Middle Ages
Monophonic- these chants were writte in intervals of 4 and 5 because they were said to be more holy, monophonic single line texture or medley without accompinament.
Gregorian chant- was performed in a church setting, called mass, that was broken into two sections.

Renaissance
Renaissance
Baroque
Baroque
Baroque
Baroque
Baroque
Baroque
Baroque
Baroque
Baroque
Baroque
Middle Ages
Polyphonic- a style of musical composition employing two or more simultaneous, but relatively independent, melodic lines.
Motet- polyphonic vocal genre, secular in the Middle Ages, but sacred or devotional there after.
Thomas Tallis
Josquin Des Prez
Time period 1600-1750AD
Bigger than life mentality
A lot of great instruments and composers came from this era.
Suite- multi-movement work made of a series of contrasting dance movements generally all in the same key.
Concerto- instrumental genre in several movements for solo instruments and orchestra.
The organ, violin, trumpet, and harpsichord and others were all created in this unique era.
Bach
Johann Sebastian Bach was born on March 21, 1685 in Eisenach, Germany in the province of Thuringia.
Bach was an orphan by the age of 10.
Bach
Born: February 23, 1685 in Halle, Germany.
Died: April 14, 1759 in London.
Handel
Handel
Handel
Bach
Vivaldi
Vivaldi
Baroque
Vivaldi
Baroque
Vivaldi
Born: March 4, 1678 in Venice, Italy.
Died: July 28, 1741 in Venice.
Buried: Unknown pauper's (poor person's) grave in Hospital Burial Ground in Vienna.
Classical Music
Time Period: 1750-1820

- Music form and structure was the basis to the music made in this era.

- This music era opened up music for the middle-class because music and instruments were cheaper.
Classical Music
Vocab
Symphony: Large work for orchestra, generally in three or four movements

Sonata: Instrumental genre in several movements for soloist or small ensemble.

Form: Structure and design in music, based on repetition, contrast and variation; the organizing principle of music.
Classical Composers
Joseph Haydn
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
Beethoven
Classical Music
Haydn
Mozart
Classical
Music
Beethoven
Romantic
Time Period: 1750 to 1870
Major changes in concepts such as form, key, instrumentation, and expressions occured to a dramatic extent.
Romantic Era

-Chromatic Harmony :
Use of chords containing tones not found in the prevailing major or minor scale.



-Modified Strophic Form:
Form in which two or more stanzas of poetry are set to the same music while other stanzas have new music; found in art songs of the Romantic period.

Vocabulary
Composers
-Beethoven

-Mozart
-Johann Hummel
Beethoven
-Born December 17, 1770
-Died March 26, 1827
-Beethoven was famous for his music from his childhood to today's classical music.
-Beethoven lost his hearing in 1798, the cause is unknown.
Mozart
-Born July 26, 1791
-Died July 29, 1844
-Mozart was a composer, pianist, conductor, and teacher.
-His music was heavily influenced by his father's mature style.
Johann Hummel
-Born November 14, 1778
-Died October 17, 1837
-Austrian composer and virtuoso pianist.
-His music reflects the transition from the Classical to the Romantic musical era.
Opera
Baroque Period
Opera was created in Italy as entertainment. Around 1700, opera was reformed to separate comedy from tragedy. The operas were divided into two types, seria (serious opera) and buffa (comic opera).
Opera
Classical
Opera is an art form in which singers and musicians perform a dramatic work combining text and musical score, usually in a theatrical setting.
Opera
Romantic
Romantic opera began in the late 18th or early 19th century. It was related to Romanticism, the European artistic and literacy movement that arose in the seond half of the 18th century.
Impressionism
Movement in music among various composers in Western classical music, mainly during the late 19th and early 20th centuries.
1875-1925
Delius
Vaughan Williams
Primitivism
Western art movement that borrows visual forms from non-Western or prehistoric peoples.
Debussy
Ravel
Expressionism
First applied to music in 1918. The three central figures of musical expressionism are Arnold Schoenberg, Anton Webern, and Alban Berg.
Arnold Schoenberg
Anton Webern
Neoclassicism
A response to German Modernism in the first part of the 20th century. It was an anti-progress, anti-industrial, and anti-innovative musical style. This was inspired by composers looking back to historical musical influences.
Igor Stravinsky
Paul Hindemith
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