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Transcript of Astrology
-Compton's By Britannica In some books, Astrology is defined as the study of how events on earth correspond to the positions and movements of astronomical bodies, particularly the sun, moon, planets, and stars. A pseudoscience, astrology also originated in speculations about how the heavens influenced life on Earth. Although many people-especially astronomers and other scientists-believe astrology is nothing more than a kind of superstition, it has had popular following in the past century. Etymology
The word astrology comes from the early Latin word astrologia, deriving from the Greek noun ἀστρολογία, 'account of the stars'. Astrologia later passed into meaning 'star-divination' with astronomia used for the scientific term. Astrological advice and forecasts appear in many daily newspapers and are sold in vending machines. Most of the advice that is given appears in a form called a horoscopes. HOROSCOPES Horoscopes map the position of astronomical bodies at certain times, such as when a person is born. It is illustrated by a circle, called the elliptic.
The elliptic is the plane on which the earth orbits around the sun in a year. It is divided into twelve sections, called the signs of the Zodiac, which include Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces. The horoscope also is divided into twelve houses, which make up the 24-hour period during which the earth rotates once on its axis. Each house deals with certain areas of a person's life, such as marriage, health, work, travel, and death. Astrologers make predictions by interpreting the position of astronomical bodies within the signs and houses of the horoscope. ORIGINS
Astrology is an ancient practice that different civilizations seemed to develop independently. The Chaldeans, who lived in Babylonia(now Iraq), developed one of the original forms of astrology as early as 3000 BC. The Chinese were practicing astrology by 2000 BC. Other varieties formed in ancient India and among the Maya of Central America. These people may have observed that certain astronomical bodies, particularly the sun, affected the change of seasons and the success of crops. Astrology, Not a True Science. By the 500s BC, astrology had spread to Greece, where such philosophers as Pythagoras and Plato incorporated it into their study of religion and astronomy. It was widely practiced in Europe through the Middle Ages, despite the condemnation of such Christian leaders as Augustine, who became archbishop of Canterbury about AD 600. Until about the 1500s, Nicolaus Copernicus and Galileo Galilei undermined some of the foundations of astrology. Pythagoras Plato Nicolaus Copernicus Galileo Galilei Astrologers assign every planet (which astrology includes the sun and moon) with a particular sign, depending on where the planet appears on the ecliptic at the time for which the horoscope is cast. Each planet represents basic human drives, and each sign represents a set of human characteristics. When astrologers designate a person as a certain sign- a Leo or a Pisces, for example- they are referring to the person's sun sign-that is, the sign that the sun occupied at the time of the person's birth. Sources:
-A compilation of Astronomy by Mr. Ceasar F. Nimor and the FACULTY OF NATURAL SCIENCES
-Compton's by Britannica What is ASTROLOGY? Pythagoras Plato Nicolaus Copernicus Galileo Galilei