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Figurative Language - Grade 8

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Vanessa Lynch

on 24 October 2013

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Transcript of Figurative Language - Grade 8

Figurative Language
Figurative language is language that uses words or expressions with a meaning that is different from the literal interpretation.

We use figurative language to enhance our writing. It helps to explain an idea to readers by painting a clear and relative picture.
What is figurative language and why do we use it?
Both metaphors and similes draw comparisons between two ideas or objects. However, similes make a comparison between two similar thing using the words "like" or "as"; whereas, metaphors draw comparisons between two seemingly different things without using the words "like" or "as".
What is the difference between a simile and a metaphor?
I was as excited as a child on Christmas Eve.
Example: Simile
Tara's smile shined like the diamonds on display at the jewelry store.
The quarterback of the football team was a monster.
Example: Metaphors
My mother was the rock of the family.
Imagery is a form of descriptive language that appeals strongly to the senses, especially the sense of sight.

It is important to use imagery in your writing because it helps the reader understand the scene better than simply telling the reader about the scene. Show - don't tell.
Why is imagery important in writing?
The dark, dirty asphalt met the starkness of unshoveled snow.
Example: Imagery
The field flourished with wild flowers in every hue: pink, yellow, violet, and tangerine.
Personification is a form of figurative language that gives human-like characteristics to non-human objects.
What is personification?
The stars in the evening sky danced overhead as I fell asleep.
Example: Personification
The tree's arms swung violently in the stormy weather.
Alliteration is the repetition of the same letter or sound at the beginning of several words in a sentence.
What is alliteration?
The daring dog dug dangerously.
Example: Alliteration
The sneaky snake slithered slowly.
(Ms. Lynch's favorite form of figurative language... EVER)
What is Hyperbole?
Hyperbole (pronounced high-per-bowl-E) is a gross (or really, really big) exaggeration.
Example: Hyperbole
"There were like 1,000 firefighters."
"I could eat a horse!"
"I'd kill for a Famous Bowl right now."
What is an oxymoron?
An oxymoron is a pairing of two words that have opposite meanings, yet make sense together.
Example: Oxymoron
Jumbo shrimp
Pretty ugly
Clearly confused
What is onomatopoeia?
Onomatopoeia are sound words!
Example: Onomatopoeia
Full transcript