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DJHS - Chapter 13, Section 2 - Africa's Government and Religion

This section explores the rise of centralized governments in African Kingdoms and the variety of religions that influenced peoples throughout the continent.
by

Shane Corley

on 3 March 2014

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Transcript of DJHS - Chapter 13, Section 2 - Africa's Government and Religion

Today we will be learning Africa’s centralized governments and early religions.
Objective

Take out your notes

Take out a writing utensil

Bellringer February 24, 2014

Africans who accepted Islam adopted:
*Islamic laws

*Ideas of right/wrong

*Education

*Arabic language

*Art/Architecture

Islam in Africa
*Swahili – exist in East Africa today

*Blend of African and Muslim influences

Europeans and Portuguese tried to destroy it

Swahili outlived European rule


Islam in Africa
*Sultan of Mogadishu was honored by Ibn Battuta visiting

He spoke in both Arabic and Swahili

*Swahili – “people of the coast”

*The unique culture & the language spoken


Islam in Africa
Sunni Ali – declared himself a Muslim to keep support of townspeople, but practiced a traditional religion

Sunni’s son – refused
Muhammad Ture – general, took over the gov. when had support of Muslim’s townspeople

Took the name Askia Muhammad – Askia is a rank in the Songhai army
Honored Muslim laws
Made Timbuktu a center for Islamic culture
Islam in Africa
Communication
Nanti in E. Africa – talk directly to their god
Igbo – only be spoken to through less powerful gods

*Purpose:
1. Helped people stay in touch w/ their history
2. Provided rules for living

Dead relatives spirits stayed in the community

Traditional African Religion
Mali
*Like Ghana’s but larger
More territory, people, trade

Royal officials – more responsibilities
Specialized- each was in charge of something dif.

*Generals – oversaw the provinces divided by Sundiata
*Trousers – Military honor to wear sewn clothes

Government & Society
All citizens were allowed to come to a meeting w/ the king to voice complaints.

*Kings
*settled arguments
*Managed trade
*Protected the empire

Subjects
Had to obey the king completely
Central authority & power rested w/a king or queen.
Government & Society
Chapter 13, Section 2:
Africa’s Government and Religion

*Ibn Battuta – Arab lawyer from Morocco

1325- goes to see the Muslim world
Islam had been spreading since 600s

*Mansa Musa – ruler of Mali

*1324- made pilgrimage to Makkah


Islam in Africa
*Olaudah Equiano – Igbo, disagreed with Europeans – he said they did believe in a higher power

*Common Belief –
*1. In one supreme god
*2. Honored ancestors
Traditional African Religion
Songhai Government

*Modeled after Ghana & Mali

Sunni Ali – Divided empire into provinces
Never finished what he started
Died mysteriously in 1492

*Muhammad Ture – general, took over
Loyal Muslim
Religion affected the government

Government & Society
*Kings most important job – control trade

No one traded w/out his permission
Illegal to own a gold nugget
Only allowed to trade gold dust

???? Why not the son????

*Royal blood lines were matrilineal (passed on by mother)
Throne inherited by nephew, not son
Government & Society
King
Council of minister (close advisers)
Lesser Kings - Conquered leaders (governed provinces)
District Chiefs (governed smaller districts)
Each district had a Chief's clan (group of people from the same ancestor)
Who was the founder of Mali?

a. Mansa Musa

b. Olaudah Equiano

c. Sundiata

Number 4

Which of the following was NOT a traditional African belief?

a. Gods demanded sacrifices

b. One supreme god

c. Honored ancestor

Number 2

Which of the following was NOT a purpose of African religion?

a. Provided rules for living

b. Get people saved

c. Helped people stay in touch with history
Number 1

Where’s he from?

St. Patrick was born in Wales, studied religion to become a priest and then went to Ireland to teach the people about God.
The History of St. Patrick’s Day

Which of the following was NOT a role of the king?

a. Settle arguments

b. Manage trade

c. Collect taxes

Number 5

Who was a young Arab lawyer from Morroco & explored the Muslim world?

a. Mansa Musa

b. Ibn Battuta

c. Muhammad Ture
Number 3

Chapter 13, Section 2 Quiz

St. Patrick’s Mission

Patrick's mission in Ireland is said to have lasted for thirty years. It is believe he died in the 5th century on March 17, which is the day St. Patrick's Day is commemorated each year.
St. Patrick

St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland, is one of Christianity's most widely known figures. But for all his celebrity, his life remains somewhat of a mystery.
Many of the stories traditionally associated with St. Patrick, including the famous account of his banishing all the snakes from Ireland, are false, the products of hundreds of years of exaggerated storytelling.

Celebrations

The first year St. Patrick's Day was celebrated in America in 1737 in Boston, Massachusetts.
The first official St. Patrick's Day parade was held in New York City in 1766. As the saying goes, on this day "everybody is Irish!" Over 100 U.S. cities now hold Saint Patrick's Day parades.
Celebrations

St. Patrick's Day honors St. Patrick, the patron saint of Ireland. We celebrate St. Patrick's Day on March 17. Americans march in parades, dance the Irish jig and gather to sing Irish songs. People wear green in memory of Ireland, the Emerald Isle and wear shamrocks, clover with three leaves.

What’s the date?

March 17 was not the day St. Patrick was born but the day he died. Even though we don't know the date of his birth, most scholars believe the year was 385 AD and the year of his death was 461 AD.
Full transcript