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NP10 - Numbers & Words Causing Lenition
Transcript of NP10 - Numbers & Words Causing Lenition
You'll also learn words that causes lenition. These words are either adpositions or prefixes. Words Causing Lenition Prefixes & Adpositions A prefix is attached in front of a word. We already know all few: fì- and tsa- for example. These two do not cause lenition. The following three prefixes does, which we so convenient already happen to know:
An adposition can be put both in front of and behind a word. When it's used behind a word, it works like a suffix: it's attached to the word. But when used in front of it, it becomes a separate word.
wä+ Examples As we already know the prefixes, let's just look at the adpositions. As they are a bit tricky, I'll translate them directly into English:
lisre+ right before (time)
against (as in: ﬁght against)
for the sake of, for the beneﬁt of
by, via, following
by, before, up to but not after Example: Oel tsole'a ngati mì na'rìng.
Oel tsole'a ngati na'rìngmì. Na'rìng _____ _____ Numbers As the Na'vi only have four fingers/toes on each hand/foot, their system is based on eight. So you count: 1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8, 8+1, 8+2... This is just how we do with 10: as eleven is 10+1. 1-
4- 1 2 3 4 'aw
Start Counting volaw
vol+kinä 8+1 = 9
8+2 = 10
8+3 = 11
8+4 = 12
8+5 = 13
8+6 = 14
8+7 = 15 mevol
me+vol+pukap 2*8 = 16
2*8+1 = 17
2*8+2 = 18
2*8+3 = 19
2*8+4 = 20
2*8+5 = 21
2*8+6 = 22
When you count higher than eight, you just add the words together to create a new number. Nine is volaw: vol+'aw: eight plus one.
16 is two eights, and then we use the me+ prefix. Me+vol = Two eights. That makes sixteen.
Seventeen is me+vol+'aw: two eights and a one.
As you see, the words get shortened:
Although vol remains as vol with 'aw: Volaw vs. vomun. 'aw->aw, mune->mun,
pukap->fu, kinä->hin vol->vo Higher Numbers pxevol
kinä+vol 3*8 = 24
4*8 = 32
5*8 = 40
6*8 = 48
7*8 = 56
8*8 = 64 To count higher, you do the following. For 16, 2 times 8, we used me+. Now when we want to use 3 times 8, we use pxe+. Then tsì-, mrr-, pu- and ki-.
8 times 8 is zam.
When you're going to figure out a number, focus on the vol. Multiply that that is before vol with eight. Then add whatever that comes after it. Tsìvomrr for example. Tsìng*vol+mrr = 4*8+5= 37 Examples pxevopxey
zam+tsìng+vol+tsìng 3*8+3 = 27
64+6 = 70
7*8+1 = 57
64+4*8+4 = 100 mrr
8- Examples Lu poanur mrra venzek. Lu po-an-ur mrr-a venzek. Lu nantangur
pukapa kinam. Lu nantang-ur
pukap-a kinam. kinam venzek Lu ikranur tsyal atsíng. Lu ikran-ur
tsyal a-tsíng. tsyal How to Use Numbers When we want to say that there're two or three of something, we use me+ and pxe+. Other numbers are used like adjectives with the -a-.
It's that simple.
Concerning every number of something except two or three, you just do this:
This is also the case when you talk
about one thing: Oel tsole'a mrra yerikit. Oe-l ts<ol>e'a mrr-a yerik-it. nantang What You Know Prefixes and adpositions that causes lenition
How to use numbers, prefixes and adpositions. Vocabulary pxisre+, ro+, sre+, wä+, mì+, fpi+, ìlä+, lisre+
na'rìng, venzek, tsyal, 'Rrta, txon, numtseng
'aw, mune, pxey, tsìng, mrr, pukap, kinä, vol, zam
holpxaype? How many are standing in the picture? _____ _____ kllkxem. I'm on Earth('Rrta):
I ate before the night(txon):
I'm in school(numtseng): Made by Le'eylan (firstname.lastname@example.org) Pictures from avatar-italia.net forum.learnnavi.org for more lessons Poru lu mrra zekwä, talun po lu uniltìranyu. Oel tsole'a 'awa yerikit. Oe-l ts<ol>e'a 'aw-a yerik-it. Try It How many children do you see? Oel tse'a ____ ____. Translate Write in Na'vi 58, 10, 101 Pe...? 'aw, mune, vomrr, zamvol- these are all "holpxay". With this new noun, we can now create another question word: Holpxaype? Example Holpxaype nari lu poru? Holpxaype tutanìl tok tsatsenget? Holpxaype narit tsun nga tsive'a? menari 'awa tutan pxenariti 0- kew ________________ __________ ____________