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Le Corbusier

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Mr F Jenkins

on 6 February 2016

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Transcript of Le Corbusier

He was the main player in the movement that has become known as Modern Architecture or Modernism
Le Corbusier
Born :Charles-Edouard Jeanneret-Gris)

Nationality: Swiss/ French

Born 1887.
Died 1965
Le Corbusier
Le Corbusier
Free facade
Fifteen different types of apartment creates variety in the facade
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
All dimensions based on Le Corbusier’s Modular man
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
Use of materials
raw concrete with texture defined by wooden planks
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
Roof terrace with childrens
nursery
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
Organisation of space
Interlocking volumes
Le Corbusier
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
Columns (Pilotis )
Roof Gardens
Free Design of the Ground Plan
Horizontal Windows
The Free Design of the Facade
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
Both of these examples display Le Corbusier’s 5 points of Architecture
Le Corbusier
1.Columns (Pilotis )

2.Roof Gardens

3.Free Design of the Ground Plan

4.Horizontal Windows

5.The Free Design of the Facade
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
Modernism was also a reaction against other popular design movements like, Art Nouveau & Art Deco.

Which many believed didn’t embrace the modern age.
Probably the most influential Architect of the twentieth century.
Architect

Designer

Writer

Painter
Le Corbusier
Roof terrace with recreation area
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
Large pilotis (columns) allow free circulation space beneath
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Density of the block allows generous surrounding green space
The vertical village Corbusier’s vision for communal living.
1600 people high density living.
Variety of functions within the block
Based on the way an ocean liner operates + looks
Le Corbusier
Villa Savoye 1929
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Examples of work
Le Corbusier

Architects wanted to break with architectural tradition and design simple, unornamented buildings.
Modernism

Fuelled by the engineering & technological developments and the availability of new materials like steel, glass and especially
concrete
.
Modernism

Became a major movement in the early twentieth century with architects like Le Corbusier, Mies Van der Rohe & Walter Gropius
Neighbourhood streets
Internal shopping street
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
10 words to describe Le Corbusier’s Architecture
Le Corbusier
Examples of Architecture
Le Corbusier
First Floor
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
Ground Floor
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
He invented
A system of measurement based on the human body called the Modular
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Modernism

form follows function

an adoption of expressed structure

simplified form and elimination of "unnecessary detail"
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
Red Violin, 1920. Le Corbusier
Guitar and Bottles, 1920. Ozenfant
Together they developed Purism;
A less fussy, more machine influenced form of cubism
Cubist painter Amédée Ozenfant
Le Corbusier was influenced by:
Le Corbusier
Modernism

a rejection of ornament

embracing new technology and the machine aesthetic

reaction against of historical styles
Modernism in architecture is usually characterized by the following:
Roof Level
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
The International Style
Lovell House 1929, Richard Neutra
Lever House 1951, Skidmore, Owings, Merrill
Un Headquarters 1950, Le Corbusier, Oscar Niemeyer, Sir Howard Robertson
The Seagram Building 1957, Mies Van er Rohe, Philip Johnson
Modernism or
Minimalist white villas
Urban planning
Furniture design
He is most famous for:
Was the main player in Modernism
Le Corbusier
Function
Form
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
Materials/ structure
Architectural Features
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
Style
Inspiration/ Influences
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
Colour/ Texture
Context
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
Space
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
Space
Designed according to modular system.
5 points of architecture. Open interior. Ground floor designed to radius of a car turning circle. Integral garage, Ordered grid, strict
Villa Savoye 1929
Le Corbusier
Square in plan, 2 Storey + roof terrace
Simple, pure, unadorned, minimal, clean, crisp geometric.
Form follows function
Weekend holiday home_ Savoye family suburb of Paris
White stucco render, simple ,Ribbon windows, industrial glazing. Reinforced structural concrete columns, (pilotis)
Reinforced concrete structure
Based on human proportions, Modular man precise geometric
Passenger Liners, machines, automobiles, classical architecture.
Modernist, minimal, pure, unadorned, simplistic. Machine for Living.
Parisian suburb, open green space, - more impact, no surrounding buildings.
White, smooth, pure, exterior
Associations with newness, health
Subtle colours in living areas
Designed according to modular system.
5 points of architecture. Open interior.

Ground floor designed to radius of a car turning circle. Integral garage, Ordered grid, strict
Context
Colour/ Texture
Style
Materials/ structure
Architectural Features
Form
Roof garden, non traditional transition between storeys, ie ramps, spiral staircases
Space
modernism
ie the way something looks comes after the way something works
modernism
modernism
modernism
modernism
modernism
Art Deco
Art nouveau
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
http://www.bbc.co.uk/education/clips/zy74q6f
He invented
A system of measurement based on the human body called the Modular
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
2. Classical Architecture
and it’s strict geometry
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
4. Human comfort/ health
circulation/ service
live
play/relax
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
2. Classical Architecture
and it’s strict geometry
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
4. Human Comfort / Health
1. Columns (Pilotis )

Corbusier’s 5 points of Architecture
Le Corbusier
The reinforced concrete gives us the pilotis. The house is up in the air, far from the ground: the garden runs under the house...'
2. Roof Gardens
Corbusier’s 5 points of Architecture
: '...the garden is also over the house, on the roof.

"Terraces to the sky"
human comfort/ health
3. Free design of the ground floor
Corbusier’s 5 points of Architecture
4. Horizontal windows

Corbusier’s 5 points of Architecture
: 'The window is one of the essential features of the house. Reinforced concrete and non load bearing facades means that windows can run from one end of the facade to the other.'
5. The free Design of the facade
Corbusier’s 5 points of Architecture
'The columns set back from the facades, inside the house. The floor continues cantilevered. The facades are no longer anything but light skins of insulating walls or windows. The facade is free.'
Le Corbusier
Le Corbusier
Le Corbusier
Le Corbusier
Free plan: Traditional load-bearing walls meant that layout is a slave to the walls. Reinforced concrete in the house provides a free plan.
Ground Floor
A machine for living
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
4. Human comfort/ health
2. Classical Architecture
and it’s strict geometry
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
4. Human comfort/ health
2. Classical Architecture
and it’s strict geometry
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
4. Human comfort/ health
2. Classical Architecture
and it’s strict geometry
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
4. Human comfort/ health
2. Classical Architecture
and it’s strict geometry
Both of these examples display Le Corbusier’s 5 points of Architecture
1.Columns (Pilotis )

2.Roof Gardens

3.Free Design of the Ground Plan

4.Horizontal Windows

5.The Free Design of the Facade
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Density of the block allows generous surrounding green space
The vertical village Corbusier’s vision for communal living.
1600 people high density living.
Variety of functions within the block
Le Corbusier
style/ aesthetics
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
function
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
materials
Unite D’Habitation 1952
Le Corbusier
target market
Unadorned, minimalist machine for housing a whole community.

Brutal, honest use of concrete

Individual windows in a variety of colours
style/ aesthetics
function
Various typed of apartments linked by "raised streets"
Use of materials
raw concrete with texture defined by wooden planks
materials
reinforced concrete structure

industrial glazing

reinforced structural concrete columns
target market
The Unite- d'habitation represents three decades of Le Corbusier's thinking on domestic and urban planning.

17 storeys

1600 people

a variety of people

suitable for all members of the community.

shops, clubs, meeting rooms sun deck etc.

Surrounded by green space
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
4. Human comfort/ health
2. Classical Architecture
and it’s strict geometry
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
4. Human comfort/ health
2. Classical Architecture
and it’s strict geometry
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
4. Human comfort/ health
2. Classical Architecture
and it’s strict geometry
1. The Machine Age
Planes, Liners & automobiles
3. Mathematics/ Modular Man
Social + cultural Influences
Le Corbusier
4. Human comfort/ health
2. Classical Architecture
and it’s strict geometry
form follows function
SPACE

Designed according to corbusier's 5 points of architecture. + Modular system
Full transcript