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Tattoos and Piercings

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Jess Marciante

on 4 January 2013

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Transcript of Tattoos and Piercings

The Roots of Tattoos Tattoo Procedure Culture Icons Body Piercings Tattoos are made by inserting ink into layers of the skin to change the pigment of the skin.
The word tattoo comes from the Tahitian word "Tatau", meaning to mark or strike.
They date back to the 5th and 4th Millennium BC and are even found on mummies from the 2nd Millennium.
Tattoos are popular all around the world Until the 1970's tattoos were considered a taboo. Before tattoos became mainstream people with tattoos were stereotyped. Prisoners, motorcycle gangs, and freak-shows were associated with tattoos. People with tattoos were looked at as "odd". Even though tattoos are more mainstream now, people are still stereotyped. Tattoos and Piercings Nowadays people can pierce any part of their body. Including:

Ears including cartilage.
Belly Button The Roots of
Piercings Piercings is when you cut or open a hole in a part of the body that then allows a piece of jewelry to be worn.
Mummies often are found with earrings or piercings.
Other piercings such as nose, tongue, nipples and genitals have been around since even 1500 BC Taboo! Like tattoos, body piercings were considered taboo until around the 1970's and also in the 1980's. They were also stereotyped with punk-type people, who wore black and spikes. Now piercings have become more common, but can be still considered a taboo depending on where it is located. Modern Day Now tattoos and piercings have both become popular and mainstream and can be seen on anyone.
38% of Americans between the ages of 18-36 have tattoos. And 23% of 18-36 year olds have a body piercing somewhere other than an ear lobe.
The most popular place that women get pierced is their belly button at 33%.
Most popular for men is their nipples at 18% with eyebrows second most popular at 17.5% What to look for:
Fresh Equipment- every needle for both tattoos and piercings should be sterile to reduce risks of infections such as HIV, staph or tetanus.
Clean hands/Gloves- make sure artist or piercer has cleaned their hands before the procedure
Jewelry- Jewelry that contains nickle, cobalt, or white gold are more likely to cause allergic reactions unlike stainless-steel, titanium, or 14 or 18 karat gold. First the area is rubbed with rubbing alcohol.
Then if necessary area is shaven with a disposable razor.
A reverse-image transfer is placed on the area, which is then pulled back to confirm that the tattoo is correct. They then outline the tattoo with a tattooing machine with a black outline. This is said to be the most painful part.
The artist will then finish the tattoo and add the colors, changing needles for different colors as they go. Works Cited

"BODY PIERCING HISTORY." History of Body Piercing. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.

"Body Piercing Statistics." Statistic Brain RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.

"Getting a Tattoo: Procedure and What to Expect." Getting a Tattoo: Procedure and What to Expect. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.

Lloyd, J. D. Body Piercing and Tattoos. San Diego, CA: Greenhaven, 2003. Print.

Porterfield, Jason. Tattoos and Secret Societies. New York: Rosen Pub., 2009. Print.

"Street Gang and Prison Gang Tattoos." Street Gang and Prison Gang Tattoos. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.

"Tattoos Now Part of Mainstream Culture." N.p., 10 June 2006. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.

"Tattoo Facts & Statistics | Shoulditattoo.com." Shoulditattoocom. N.p., n.d. Web. 16 Dec. 2012.

"Piercing Procedure." Perfect Image. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Dec. 2012. Gangs Many gangs have tattoos of different symbols to represent their gang for others to identify them.
These tattoos are also for intimidation and also to identify rival gangs.
Different tattoos represent different things such as a teardrop under your eye means you have killed someone. Spider webs show that you have spent time in prison.

Yakuza is a Japanese Mafia, which the members have bodies full of tattoos that stop before the wrists, ankles and neck because it is dishonorable in Japan to have tattoos. Piercing Procedure Tattoo Parlor in the 1920's There are 3 different kinds of Piercing Procedures
Standard- A hallowed needle is inserted into the area that is being pierced. The jewelry is pushed through the opening and the back is put on. This procedure doesn't remove any skin but just creates an opening for the jewelry to be put through.
Pierce and Taper- This is similar to the Standard procedure. First a needle goes through creating an opening but is then followed by a tapered steel bar to create a bigger opening for the jewelry and then the jewelry is put through.
Dermal Puncturing- You remove a circular piece of tissue that the jewelry is then placed. This is mainly used for cartilage piercings to relieve pressure and make sure the piercing heals properly.
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