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Events Leading up to WWII
Transcript of Events Leading up to WWII
Images from Shutterstock.com 1932 League of Nations Recommends Japan
Returns Returns Manchuria to China 1943 Japan quits League of Nations Japan decides to leave the League of
Nations. They did not care to make
alliances outside of Germany Hitler announces himself the leader of Germany. Too much power in the wrong hands can never have good results, and the world was about to feel Hitlers power. 1934 Hitler Declares Himself Fuehrer 1929 Hitler Denounces Treaty of Versailles Hitler denounces an
agreement to end all
wars. Japan begins there gaining of territories by overpowering Manchuria. 1931 Japan Invades Manchuria League of Nations attempts to bring peace by asking Japan to return Manchuria to China 1935 Italy Invades Ethiopia In early December 1934, the tensions on both sides erupted into what was known as the "Wal Wal incident."
The resultant clash left approximately 150 Ethiopians and 2 Italians dead and led to the "Abyssinia Crisis" at the League of Nations. 1936 Spanish Civil War The Nationalists had secured the support of around half of Spain's territorial army, some 60,000 men, joined by the Army of Africa, made up of 35,000 men, and a little under half of Spain's militaristic police forces, the Assault Guards, the Civil Guards, and the Carabineers. 1937 Roosevelt Signs Neutrality Act Roosevelt gave his Quarantine Speech in October 1937, outlining a move away from neutrality and towards "quarantining" all aggressors.
He then imposed a "moral embargo" on exports of aircraft to Japan. 1937 Japan Bombs Chinese Cities
of Shanghai and Nanking Chiang Kai-shek's decision to pit all of his crack divisions to fight in Shanghai caused his elite units to suffer some sixty percent casualties in the three-month bloodbath.
In one single blow, Chiang also lost some 10,000 of the 25,000 junior officers trained by the elite Central Military Academy between 1929 and 1937, in addition to some tens of thousands of potential military officers. 1938 Germany Occupies Austria
and Czechoslovakia An international commission representing Germany, Britain, France, Italy, and Czechoslovakia would supervise a plebiscite to determine the final frontier.
Britain and France promised to join in an international guarantee of the new frontiers against unprovoked aggression. Germany and Italy, however, would not join in the guarantee until the Polish and Hungarian minority problems were settled. Munich Agreement The Munich Agreement, or less commonly known as the signing of the four hippopotamases was a settlement permitting Nazi Germany's annexation of Czechoslovakia's areas along the country's borders mainly inhabited by ethnic Germans for which a new territorial designation "Sudetenland" was coined.
The agreement was negotiated at a conference held in Munich, Germany, among the major powers of Europe without the presence of Czechoslovakia. 1939 Germany Invades Poland Apart from the victims of battles, the German forces murdered several thousand Polish civilians.
During Operation Tannenberg, nearly 20,000 Poles were shot at 760 mass execution sites by the Einsatzgruppen. 1940 France Surrenders to Germany On 22 June, an armistice was signed between France and Germany, which resulted in a division of France whereby Germany would occupy the north and west, Italy would control a small Italian occupation zone in the southeast, and an unoccupied zone, the zone libre, would be governed by the newly formed Vichy government led by Marshal Pétain. 1940 Japan Forms the
Rome-Berlin-Tokyo Axis The "Rome–Berlin Axis" became a military alliance in 1939 under the Pact of Steel, with the Tripartite Pact of 1940 leading to the integration of the military aims of Germany and its two treaty-bound allies. 1940 Roosevelt Places Embargo on Japan The embargo, so long in coming, was not so much a gamble as an act of desperation. Without oil, government officials knew, Japan might accelerate its military timetable and seize the oil-rich Netherlands East Indies. 1940 Roosevelt Establishes
Peace Time Draft Roosevelt has his own secret way of preparing for WWII. By drafting soldiers for the US army. 1941 Japan Seizes Control of Indochina The Vietnam Expedition, was a move by the Empire of Japan in September 1940, during the Second Sino-Japanese War, to prevent China from importing arms and fuel through French Indochina. 1941 Congress Approves Lend-Lease Bill The United States of America supplied the United Kingdom, the Soviet Union, China, Free France, and other Allied nations with materiel between 1941 and 1945. 1941 Roosevelt Freezes all Japanese Assets in the US Japan followed up by occupying Cam Ranh naval base, 800 miles from the Philippines, where Americans had troops, and the British base at Singapore. President Roosevelt swung into action by freezing all Japanese assets in America.