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Transcript of 1940s
Music in the 1940's was mainly built around jazz and big band styles that were popular during this time period
As women's skirts and dresses became shorter to save fabric, legs became the most desirable feature during the 1940's.
Most men in America could only afford victory suits that offered no rolled cuffs on the trousers, no sleeve buttons, and no patch pockets, in addition to shorter jackets and narrower trousers. Waistcoats or vests were abandoned in favor of double-breasted suits jackets. Only wealthy men could afford Zoot suits.
French women wore full skirts, high heeled shoes and even fur coats if they could afford them. The NAZI's had put so many restrictions on fabric that most designers retired early or went into exile.
Just like in America, many women in the UK wore short skirts, sensible flat shoes and square shouldered jackets. But as more and more assistance was needed in male departments, women in the UK and US ditched the skirts and wore dungarees (or as you guys call it "Overalls") and trousers.
- The first computer was created in Germany and was the 1st programmable computer in 1941. They used this machine to calculate wing flutter on their aircraft. The American's followed with their own computer in 1942.
The 1940's had many technological breakthroughs which helped to develop everyday items we use in our everyday lives today.
- While working on radar technology, Dr. Percy Spencer accidentally stumbled on the fact that vacuum tubes of magnetrons could cook food quicker and went to invent the microwave while working for Raytheon Corporation. Raytheon went on to produce the 1st commercial microwave oven in 1947 called "Radarange"
- The color television was demonstrated by John Logie Baird in 1940. The monochromatic picture tube TV featured 600 lines of resolution. By 1944 the telechrome tube was developed with color was projected on to a fluorescent screen by three electron guns. The screen's embedded phosphorus glowed in three colors from exposure to the electron screen.
Artists like Rosemary Clooney, Count Baise, and Artie Shaw helped to define the music of the 1940's as well as much of the music of today
In the US, by the late 1930s and early 1940s, swing music had become the most popular musical style and remained so for several years, until it was supplanted in the late 1940s by the pop standards sung by the crooners who grew out of the big band Swing Era tradition. Bandleaders such as the Dorsey Brothers often helped launch the careers of vocalists who went on to popularity as solo artists, such as Frank Sinatra, whom rose to fame as a singer during this time.
Hollywood continuous to hold the filming monopoly.
The Canadian cinema has existed in an environment where the ability to produce, distribute and to exhibit is extremely difficult
Canadians are uninterested in Canadian cinema or are unaware that there is a Canadian film industry.
Distributors and exhibitors are owned and controlled by foreigners
World War II brought important changes because of the establishment of the NFB (National Film Board of Canada) which began to train and develop Canadian filmmakers.
An arrangement was made between the film industries of Canada and the U.S. In return for the money that was coming out of Canada, the American film lobby tried to boost tourism in Canada by placing Canadian references in films.
The people training at NFB would then join a more complex form offered by the fiction feature film. This was beginning to happen after the war ended but unfortunately they were unable to meet their goals for 2 decades because Hollywood began to protect its interests.
Unfortunately this was unsuccessful
This helps us understand why during the 1940s (and 1950s) there was almost no film production in Canada outside of Quebec.
Only one English-Canadian feature film was produced in the 1940s: Bush Pilot (1946), and imitation of Hollywood’s Captains of the Clouds (1942).
The Canadian Film Awards were established in 1949. The opening presentation was in Ottawa.
In America; however, hundreds of films were produced during the 1940s. The most successful being The Best Years of Our lives, as it won 9 Academy Awards.
The Great Dictator (starring, written, produced, scored and directed by Charlie Chaplin) as well as You Nazty Spy (starring the Three Stooges).
With men off fighting the war in the early 1940's, women took on many new roles. A lot of factories needed help and hired mostly all women who applied for work.
There were many religious groups in the 1940's in Canada. Such as the mennonites, hutterites, Quakers, Jehovah witnesses and many more.
The life expectancy during this time period was 61 years of age for men and 65 years of age for women.
World War II was happening during the 1940s
(1939 - 1945)
Canada contributed greatly to the war, by sending men and
taking part in several major battles.
Over 1 million Canadians (and Newfoundlanders) served in the Army, Navy or Air Force
Canada also trained spies at Camp X, trained Commonwealth pilots, supplied food, munitions, materials to help England withstand the Nazis.
After the war women were forced to give up their jobs and return to the kitchen.
There was a HUGE baby boom when husbands returned. Many of your grandparents were probably born in this time.
There was also the Normandy Landings on June 6th, 1944. The Canadian Division landed on Juno beach, on the Normandy Coast and together with other troops made their way inland.
After the war was over, the Cold War began.
Canada joined democratic governments ‘fight’ against the communist governments at the time.
There were also various treaties that Canada signed during the 1940s.
On April 4th 1949 – Canada as well as 11 other countries signed the North Atlantic Treaty (North Atlantic Treaty Organization).
Collective military security
In April 1949, Canada was the first country to vote for the ratification of NATO.
“Canadian Article” talks of social and economic cooperation between members.
China becomes a communist country in 1949 after two decades of Civil War.
Threat to West
Canada at first refused to recognize the People’s Republic of China as a legitimate government.
Japan attacked Pearl Harbour on December 7th 1941. Canadian federal government put the War Measures Act in effect.
They ordered the Japanese Canadians that lived within 100 miles of Pacific coast to move due to "national security". They were later sent to internment camps, where they were mistreated and had their belongings taken away and sold.
During this time organizations like WREN came about which encouraged women and showed their strength.
Women often worked in factories building munition but they were also given traditional roles like nursing, secretarial jobs, or caring jobs.
The average income at this time was $125 a month.
The 1940s greatly influenced the decades to come. World War II contributed greatly to the changes around the world. For Canada, a strong sense of pride and Nationalism was felt by the citizens due to the Canadian contribution during the War.
The war also made Canada a world leader and forefront in the war. Due to Canada’s contributions, they were seen as a powerful country.
The World War II also sparked technological advancements due to the necessity of new weapons during the war.
The failure of the League of Nations during World War II brought about the United Nations.
On October 1946, Canada and twenty three nations signed the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade. This agreement led to the creation of the World Trade Organization.
Dieppe Raid in August 19th, 1942. Canadian and British troops attacked Dieppe to test the German defenses.