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The First Intifada
Transcript of The First Intifada
-Who participated in the Intifada?
-The perspectives on the Intifada
-What affects did the Intifada have?
-Pictures!! By: Grace Who led the Intifada? By: Briana The perspectives on the First Intifada By: Fernanda What affects did the Intifada have? By: Sofia Wilson PICTURES! We hope you learned a lot about the First Intifada! Intifada: "Means "shaking off" or "shaking up." It is generally applied to uprisings in modern times " -http://www.mideastweb.org Palestinians throwing rocks during the First Intifada! The first Intifada started pretty much because the Palestinians didn't think that the Occupied Territories should be for Israel. Through the whole Intifada, the Israelis kept getting reminded that the Palestinians didn't think that the Occupied Territories should belong to the Israelis. Israel didn't feel safe, Palestinians were attacking them! All of the strikes, and boycotts, that the Palestinians did to try to make the Israeli economy fail, slowly stopped. The Intifada was mostly, just stone throwing. The Palestinians in the Occupied Territories made it clear that they wanted a country that they could call theirs. The Palestinians kept putting pressure on Afarat and the PLO (Palestinian liberation organization) to start talking with the Israeli government for a peaceful agreement. On December 1988, from pressure that his people gave him, Afarat said that terrorism isn't the right thing to do, and that Israelis should have their own land. He asked that if the rest of the world could help the Israelis and Palestinians to find a two-state solution. For about 4 years, Israel and the PLO, with the US as their moderator tried to think of a way for a two-state solution.The most important effect of the Intifada, was that Israelis and Palestinians had a better relationship. They both believed that they could have their own country, and they felt more like all of them were one people. The intifada made the israelis think about a few things. "Should they give up the Territories if that meant peace and an end to the constant threat of attacks? Would giving up the Territories lead to peace or would the Palestinians keep fighting until they controlled Israel too?". The First Intifada began when a Israeli truck driver made a wrong turn and accidentally killed 4 Palestinians. The Palestinians thought that the truck driver killed the Palestinians on purpose, in revenge for Palestinians killing a Jew, 2 days before. The next day, parents told they’re kids, mainly teenagers, to go out and throw rocks at the Israeli soldiers. As you can imagine, the Israeli soldiers were confused. They were fighting kids with rocks, they couldn’t bomb them or shoot them. Even if they did, the world was watching the two countries fight, wondering what would happen next. So if the Israeli soldiers shot them, the world would think that Israel shot kids with no mercy. They ended up shooting rubber bullets and sometimes real bullets. One day a 17 year old kid named Hatem Abu Sisi was shot and died. He was supposed to have a funeral with only his family, but the whole town showed up. That was their breaking point. They started uprising, or “shaking of slumber.”
You’re probably thinking, “why would Palestine get so mad that a truck diver made a wrong turn?” Well, it is much more than that. Israel was moving into to Palestinian land, so the Palestinians had less and less space. Israel also moved into the middle of Palestine, so Palestine was split in two. It is very hard to have a good strong country when it’s split in two. Palestinians Perspective:
The Palestinians thought that the uprising would be the awaking of their own country. That means they thought the Intifada would help them have their own country Israeli Perspective:
The Israelis thought that the Intifada was organized terrorism. Organized terrorism is pretty much violence that has been organized. U.S Perspective: The U.S along with other countries that had supported Israel, told the Israeli's that they used to much violence/force during the Intifada. Most Palestinian leaders had grown up in the Territories, not like other PLO leaders who had grown up in diaspora. Some Palestinian leaders were walking off their jobs, running to tanks armed with rocks. The Palestinians understood the Israelis weaknesses. The Palestinians protest blocked roads which made it really hard for the Israelis to travel. The leaders of the Intifada knew how to play with the Israelis feelings. Most of the leaders were young and were not live when there was the Israeli War of Independence. Sheikh Ahmed Yassin founded Hamas in 1987, and the militant members then started attacking the Israelis. The goal of that group was to form an Islamist state on the Occupied Territories and eventually making all of Israel extinct. Glossary Afarat: Afarat is the leader of the PLO (Palestinian Liberation organization)
Occupied Territories: "Occupied territory is territory under military occupation" - Wikepedia