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Transcript of Harvard Referencing
Give you an understanding of plagiarism and how to avoid it.
You MUST NOT take someone else's writing and place it in your essay, saying it is your own work, this is called plagiarism.
It is polite to identify the writers whose writing you have used to support or contradict your own work.
When you quote other writers in your references, you give people reading your work the opportunity to locate the original sources.
It is almost impossible to write an essay without using some previously published material.
Referencing shows you have carried out research and will help you get higher marks.
It increases your knowledge and experience of the subject you are writing about.
It demonstrates the body of knowledge on which you have based your work.
It allows your work to be checked and verified and prevents plagiarism.
A quick guide...
PLAGIARISM IS CHEATING
AND YOU WILL LOSE GRADES
IF YOU DO IT.
ANYONE FOUND CHEATING CAN BE REMOVED FROM THEIR COURSE.
WHAT IS SUMMARISING?
Taking the main ideas from a piece of text and rewriting them in your own words.
A summary is much shorter than the original text and gives an overview of a topic.
Try picking out the main points from this next piece of text....
QUOTING IN THE TEXT
Direct quote – copy text word for word
and enclose in “ ”.
Paraphrasing – re-word someone else’s work.
Summarising – use your own words to
present the key points of an
Tea, whether of the China or Indian variety, is well known to be high on the list of those beverages which are most frequently drunk by the inhabitants of the British Isles.
The British drink a large amount
CITING IN THE TEXT
A complete quote lifted from a source should go in quote marks with the surname of the author, the year it was published and the page number.
“It is evident that whereas affluence and absence of poverty has been generally linked to good child health outcomes in the past, they were now not necessarily a true indicator of potential health.” (Reed and Canning, 2010, p.85)
QUOTING IN THE TEXT -
The author and the date of publication are needed
Brock (2009) discusses the importance of quantitative and qualitative research…..
When planning your project it is important to use primary sources (Brock, 2009).…
QUOTING IN THE TEXT -
Use your own words and not those of the original author (unless you are using quotation marks).
Correctly interpret the original text.
Remember to name the original source in your reference list.
..you have quoted in the main body of the text….
..now you need to reference it at the end of your work..
Aveyard, H. (2010) Doing a Literature Review in Health and Social Care (2nd ed.), Maidenhead, Oxford University Press.
Beckett, D. (2009) Biotin sensing at the molecular level, The Journal of Nutrition, 139 (1), pp.167-170.
Brock, A. (2009) Perspectives on Play: learning for life (online), Harlow, Pearson Longman. Available from <http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9781444137156> (Accessed 6th September 2013)
Hayes, C. (2013) Dispelling Myths about Ageing for Healthcare Assistants, British Journal of Healthcare Assistants, 7 (July), pp. 337-341.
Kurita, D., Roengsamut, B., Kuwabara, K. and Huang, H. (2017) Simulating gamified crowdsourcing of knowledge base refinement: effects of game rule design, Journal of Information and Telecommunication (online), 4(1), pp.1-18. Available from <http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/24751839.2017.1401259> (Accessed 30th January 2018)
Simkin, J. (2014)
(online). Available from <http://spartacus-educational.com/TUengels.htm> (Accessed 30th January 2018)
Your reference list should be in alphabetical order...
Surname, Initials. (Date)
(? ed.), Place of publication, Publisher.
Aveyard, H. (2010)
Doing a Literature Review in Health and Social Care
(2nd ed.), Maidenhead, Oxford University Press.
To reference a book...
Surname, Initials. (Date)
(?ed.)(online), Place of publication, Publisher. Available from <http://www.remainder of the full Internet address> (Accessed day month year)
Brock, A. (2009)
Perspectives on Play:learning for life
(online), Harlow, Pearson Longman. Available from <http://www.dawsonera.com/depp/reader/protected/external/AbstractView/S9781444137156> (Accessed 6th September 2016)
To reference an E-book..
Surname, Initials. (date) Title of article,
, Volume number, (Part number), pp.page numbers.
Beckett, D. (2009) Biotin sensing at the molecular level,
The Journal of Nutrition
, 139 (1), pp.167-170.
To reference a journal..
The two parts of referencing
When you use someone else's ideas in your assignment, this needs a citation directly before or after it...
"The relationship between counselling and social work has always been complex and interactive." (Seden, 2005, p.6)
Seden (2005) states that the "relationship between counselling and social work has always been complex and interactive." (p.6)
The complete reference details are listed at the end of your assignment...
Seden, J. (2005) Counselling Skills in Social Work Practice (2nd ed.), Maidenhead, Open University Press.