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individuals in history of early childhood education

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Meghan Whyard

on 19 October 2014

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Transcript of individuals in history of early childhood education

What made today's Education?

Timeline of :
Earlier Contributors, and Modern Theorists in Early Childhood Education

Next influence began in
1712
Influence He had on Modern theorist
Johann Pestalozzi
Chapter 9
John Locke
Robert Owen
John Dewey
1902
Lev Vgotsky
:




John Comenius
Earlier Influence on Early Childhood Educators
Creating a template for the future
Influencing Modern Theorist
Helps to create and uphold an understanding to child development

Martin Luther
Beginning with....
The year......
1483
1483-1546
Translated the bible from Latin:
allowing people to be educated in their own language
advocated establishing schools to teach children how to read

How this influenced modern education:
Universal eduction
Public support of education
teaching reading to all children
Next....
1592
1592-1670
Continuing forward.....
1632.....
1632-1704
How his belief's influenced Modern early childhood theorist:
Jean- Jacques Rousseau
1746-1778
Influence on modern theorist
1746
Influenced:
1771
All these Individuals created the Foundation.....

Resulting in......
Modern learning theorist efforts in childhood development and education
Resulting in today's education....
1870
Maria Montessori
Influenced through...
1896
How his theories have effected modern education
1896-1934
Jean Piaget
1896-1980
Contribution to education....
Erik Erickson
Influence....
1908
Wrote the first picture book for children
Believed early experiences formed what a child would become
Believed education should occur through the senses
early learning effects school and life success
sensory experience builds onto learning
-Described children as being born as blank template:
-Therefor their experiences determine who they are
Learning should begin early
Children learn what they are taught
It is possible to mold children to think and acts society wants them to.
Advocated for natural approaches involving childcare
Believed child's development and maturity corresponds directly to a timetable
Natural approaches to education work best
Example:
Family grouping
Authentic testing
Environmental literacy
Believed:

Education should follow course of nature
All education is based on sensory impressions

Mother's could best teach their children
Family centered approaches
Home-schooling
Education through the senses
Coming up.....
Environment determines a child's beliefs, behaviors and achievements
1771-1858
Believed society can shape the character of a child
Taught that education can help build a new society
His beliefs led to....
The importance of infant programs
Education can counteract children's poor environment
Early childhood Education can reform society
1782
Friedrich Froebel
1782-1852
Children develop through "unfolding"
Children are like growing plants
Founded the kindergarten: "Garden of Children"
Developed "gifts" and "occupations" to help young children learn
How he influenced...
Children should have specific materials to learn concepts and skills
Learning occurs through play
To begin with the year of....
For Modern theorist who influenced today's Early Childhood Education
1859
Progressive education Movement
1859-1952
The curriculum should be formed on the basis of children's interest
"Educate the children for today-not tomorrow"
Child-centered education
Curriculum based on children's interest
Discovery learning
1870-1952
Created:
The Montessori Method
Method for educating young children
Sensory-based that is self-correcting
prepared oraginzed- essental for learning
respect for children
Foundation of Teaching:
Material:
Enviroment:
Large number of public and private Montessori schools
emphasize her approach, methods, and materials
Teaching training programs to train specific methods for Montessori teachers
The Sociocultural Theory
Importance of interpersonal relationships in social and cognitive development
Scaffolding to higher levels of learning- through communication between children and teachers

Concept of Zone of proximal development:
children learn more with help of more competent person

Use of scaffolding techniques to help children learn
Use of cooperative learning and other forms of social learning
Theory
Cognitive development based on ages and stages
Children develop their own intelligence
The use of projects as a approach to learning
Mental and physical activities are important for cognitive development
Constructivist approach
Matching education to children's stages of cognitive development
Learning activities are based on children's active involvement
1902-1994
Theory of Psychosocial Development
Cognitive and social development occurs with one another
Life is a series of eight stages: each one is critical for social development
Parents and teachers interaction with children helps determine their emotional and cognitive development
Play:
Supports children's social and cognitive development
Emotional development effects cognitive development
Children need predictable, consistent love, care and education
1917
Abraham Maslow
1908-1970
Theory of self-actualization
Human development is a process of meeting basic needs throughout life
Humanistic Psychology
Importance
Meeting basic needs of child before cognitive development can occur
Teachers develop programs to meet children's basic needs
Growth of self-esteem movement
Emphasis on providing safety, security, love and affection for all children
Urie Bronfenbrenner
1917-2005
Ecological systems theory
Child develops with in five interrelating systems of relationships
1. Mircrosystem
2. Mesosystem
3. Exosystem
4. Macrosystem
5. Chronosystem
Each system influences and is influenced by the other
Development is influenced by
children and their environment
Effects on education:
Teachers are more conscious of how different environments shape children
Provide positive influences, and minimize or eliminate negative influences
1943
Lastly....
Howard Gardner
Theory of Multiple Intelligence
Intelligence consists of nine abilities
Intelligence is not a single broad ability
Educational influences
Teachers develop curriculum to match particular intelligence
Awareness to the multiple ways in which children learn and think
Work Cited
Morrison, George S. "Chapter Three History and Theories." Fundamentals of
Early Childhood Education. Upper Saddle River, NJ: Merrill, 2011. N. pg. Print.
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