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Transcript of Bluebook Review
3. Secondary Sources
6. Last tips
1. When citing to a case, don't forget the basic formula: Party v. Party, volume Reporter initial page, pincite page (deciding court year of decision).
2. If writing to a federal court, don't use parallel citations.
3. If you've already cited the case once in full, use a short form citation -- either a shortened form of the case citation or id. Remember that if you're id.'ing to a different page than the immediately previously cited page, you use id. at pincite page.
1. If you have them, list signaled authorities in the order in which the signals appear in rule 1.2. Group like signals into the same citation sentence. Signals fall into one of three groups: (1) Signals that indicate support, (2) signals that suggest a useful comparison, (3) signals that indicate contradiction.
2. If you have multiple authorities that fall into the same signal group, list them according to court hierarchy, and in reverse chronological order.
3. The most common symbol is no symbol.
1. If you're citing to a legal reference secondary source (ie, Restatements, Black's Law Dictionary, American Jurisprudence), look up the name of that source in the index of your book. Go to the listed page. Use the example provided in the Bluebook.
2. For law reviews and journals, the basic formula is this: Author's First and Last Name, Title of Article, volume Journal Name initial page of article, pincite page (year of publication).
3. Use table 13 to properly abbreviate the name of law reviews and journals.
1. If you get a state statute, just go to Table 1 and look up that state. Look for the words "statutory compilations," and follow the formula and examples given there.
2. The year for the citation is the year that the statutory compilation was published.
3. After you cite the statute once in full, you can use a short form citation -- either the statutory number or a version of id. Remember that if you're id.'ing a statute, you don't use the word "at."
1. If you have multiple parentheticals after a citation, list them in this order: weight of authority, citing or quoting parentheticals, explanatory parentheticals.
2. If using a parenthetical after a case, there is no punctuation between the end of the parentheses around the year and the start of the parentheses for the parenthetical. But there is a space. For example: (N.C. 2012) (holding that...)
3. If you use a signal that includes "see," include an explanatory parenthetical.
Types of Parentheticals
Five last tips!
1. Certain things are always in italics. For example, case names, id., and signals are always in italics. If you are handwriting
2. Don't use Large and Small Caps in legal practice documents.
3. Be sure to check quoted language for accuracy.
4. Be sure to check that you're using pincites from the correct reporter.
5. If you're totally lost, use the index in the back or the reference guide on the covers.