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economy in pompeii and herculaneum

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Gillian Shanks

on 14 March 2013

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Transcript of economy in pompeii and herculaneum

Pompeii Herculaneum ECONOMY Trade Industries Occupations Source 9- Fullonica of Stephanus Source 2-
II.7 (gladiator barracks); 8792: On April 19th, I made bread. Source 4- "Herculaneum (bar/inn joined to the maritime baths); 10675: Two friends were here. While they were, they had bad service in every way from a guy named Epaphroditus." source 10- The main commercial thoroughfare was the road that ran from the Forum past the ampitheatre to the Sarnian Gate. Remains of shops along this road- source 11- source 12- Wine and Oil were the principal sources of income for the people in the Vesuvian area. Source 1- A fresco from an ancient
brothel in Pompeii. Prostitution was a popular occupation in
Pompeii. There were over 26 brothels in Pompeii and many had representations of what services they offfered on the exterior of the brothel. Source 1 is a great example of the types of graffiti seen around Pompeii. Prositution usually took place in small dark rooms within a brothel. Prostitutes were generally lower class citizens. Being a prostitute in Pompeii was not seen as shameful, in fact, higher class citizens were well known by the prostitutes. Although prostitution was a big trend in pompeii, Herculaneum wasn't very familiar with it. The Fullonica of Stephanus, or Fullonica Stephani, lies on the south side of the Via dell'Abbondanza. This was one of the four laundromat's in pompeii. The Fullonica of Stephanus was in a converted house. Within this building the long process of dying cloths took place. The material was bleached, rinsed, brushed, trimmed and finally pressed. The fulling industry was very important in Pompeii. Source three refers to the gladiators in the barracks and what they would do." I made bread" shows that the gladiators didnt just spend their time excercising and preparing themself for battle, but that they actually had jobs outside of their gladitorial life. This quote shows that being a baker was a profession in the community of Pompeii and Herculaneum. source 8- source 3- A fresco from house of siricus. Economy in Pompeii
and Herculaneum Bibliography
~www.pompeii.co.uk
~bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/romans/pompeii
~www.bored of studies.com
~theglobaldispatches.com
~arch1design.com
~pompeiana.org
~Cities of Vesuvius, Pamela Bradley, page 30,90,95,96,97
~www.vroma.org The first room shows examples of the different
jobs that citizens in pompeii and herculaneum did. From a wide range of bartnders, prostitutes, bakers and doctors. Source 5- "Apart from the fertile soil,the volcano provided the inhabitants of the plain in other ways: pumice stone was exported and lava was used in stone millstones for grinding grain and pressing olives." source 6- ''stamps on jars of garum
2569: Kosher garum'' source 7- painting of fruits and spices traded in pompeii. Image of the Macellum. The port of Pompeii which Strabo says 'accomodates a traffic in both imports and exports' source 3 represents a man kneeling down holding a medical utensil against a patients leg. This image indicates that there were medical professionals around and would have been considered a highly respected position in society in ancient rome at that time. This also shows that their technology was advanced enough to help patients. Room two consists of different representations of trade in Pompeii and Herculaneum. Conveyed through images and quotes about where trade took place, what was traded and who resources were provided to. Source four is showing the perspectives of two men that received bad service at a bar in Herculaneum. This source shows that in Herculanem there were people that did that have the job of being bartenders. This also represents the lifestyle of the citizens. Bars were a place to relax and enjoy the comfort of friends. Room 3 demonstrates the main industrues in Pompeii and Herculaneum. These consist of industries such as laundromats, wine and oil companies, markets and shops. Although the soil was luckily very rich for those living in the vesuvius area, mt Vesuvius did come in very handy. Source 5 is a prime example of how those living in that area used the volcano to their advahtage by exporting the pumice for money and using the lava for their own benefits. Trade wasn't just used for food but also resources needed by other locations in the world. Garum was an extremely popular fish sauce that belonged to Pompeii. Garum was produced in Pompeii and was able to survive due to the location next to the port. Not only was garum exported but it was available to the jewish society in the form of kosher. Source 6 identifies produce that was exported and also the audience that was accomodated. This particular source shows the different fruits available in Pompeii in Herculaneum along with some spices aswell. The vesuvius areas were in great locations for growing foods. Because of this they were able to export these foods and spices. For this they were very fortunate to live in such a location. Source 8 explains the place from which these trades took place. The port was accessible through the Forum which was convenient as the Forum is where all the main shops and markets were located. The port would have been where all the ships would have entered to send away all the Pompeii and Herculaneum exports and where imports would have been collected. This source shows a main factor that made trade possible in this society. Industries in Pompeii and Herculaneum such as the shops thrived immensely. Shops would have been owned by everyday people and families. Most shops were attached to the family homes which made it easy for those workers. Shops in this area would sell a wide range of goods. also would have been popular as it was very tourist related The marcellum was also known as the markets. The macellum was well know for its distrubution of meats and fish. The more popular would have been meats like lamb as the most successful forms of cattle. Fish yet again was a source that was simple and easy to find as there was a port nearby. Pompeii and Herculaneum were areas very successful in the growth of grapes and the manufacture of oil. The cimate was great in assisting the growth of grapes which made this destination unique above others. Both wine and oil were great thriving industries in Pompeii and Herculaneum which again assisted in trade and keeping a healthy economy. By Gillian Shanks- Ancient History Year 12
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