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Chapter 1 for Drivers Ed

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by

Lexi Cole

on 18 March 2013

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Transcript of Chapter 1 for Drivers Ed

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli By: Lexi & Cinthia :) Chapter 1 <3 Section 1.1: You Are the Driver The Highway Transportation System (HTS) Regulating the HTS - Safety is Important! Section 1.2 - Your Driving Task - Includes all social, mental, and physical skills required to drive Section 1.2 - Mental Skills Section 1.2 - Smith System Section 1.3 - Your Driving Responsibilities - Attitude It starts with YOU Safe Driving: - Has three parts: people, vehicles, and roadways - Purpose is to move people and cargo from one place to another, safely People - Called roadway users - Use the roadway by walking, driving, or riding Vehicles - Wide range of vehicles: Mopeds, motorcycles, tractors, semi-trailers, cars, vans, small trucks, buses, campers, farm vehicles, and construction equipment are just some Roadways - Vary from dirt lanes to complex, multilane highways ~ Laws are passed to make up the vehicle code ~ Enforcement agencies assure that laws are obeyed ~ Motor vehicle departments set rules to assure that driver and vehicle standards are met ~ Courts decide if drivers charged with violating the laws are guilty or innocent ~ Highway traffic engineers plan, build, and maintain the complex system of roadways - Social Skills - Requires you to interact with other people - All drivers bring their own problems and skill levels to the driving world - Physical Skills - Drivers must learn physical ksills so well that they are natural - Beginning drivers need to focus HEAVILY on physical skills before moving on to mental and social - After extended practice, drivers acquire the ability to control their vehicle - Safe, low-risk driving is primarily a mental task -IPDE Process - Four Steps: 1) Identify: Seeing and acknowledging surroundings 2) Predict: Possibilities that can happen 3) Decide: Making a choice 4) Execute: Carrying out your choice - Designed to help drivers develop a good seeing process - Zone Control System - A method of managing the space around your vehicle - Your attitude towards life and driving affects your willingness to learn and to effectively use safe-driving habits - There are different type of attitudes when behind the wheel that you should avoid: ~ Haywire emotions ~ Having too many people in the car at one time ~ Road rage - You should not risk yourself to drive while in these conditions. The best thing you could do is pull over or not drive at all. Section 1.3 - Breakdowns in the HTS - Occurs when any part of the sytem does not work well - Your ability to drive responsibly will be the major factor in helping you avoid being part of these breakdowns - Collision or Accident? - There is a big difference between an accident and a collision - A collision occurs when a vehicle conflicts with and hits another object. Collisions are a major cause of injury and death. - DRIVER ERROR is the number 1 cause of collisions among with others - Other causes are: ~ Following too close behind another vehicle
~ driving too fast
~ not wearing safety belts
~ driving after drinking or using drugs
~ driving while tired Section 1.3 - Other Responsibilities - drivers have additional responsibilites that include financial and environmental responsibilities - Financial Responsibilities - There are costs that a driver has to face that include:
fuel and maintaining and insuring your car. If there may be any damage, you are responsible by law for any damage or injuries that you as a driver cause - Environmental Responsibilites - There are potential threats that our nation has created to our environment which are: ~ air pollution
~ water pollution
~ chemical spills
~ land pollution - All drivers should act responsibly by: ~ Buying fuel-efficient cars ~ Using fuel-efficient driving habits ~ Recycling used materials ~ Reducing driving through carpools & public transp. Section 1.4 - Your Driver's License - Licensing Process - The license process require applicants to take a written, physical, and driving exam to ensure that only safe drivers are allowed on public roads - Graduated Driver Licensing - Requires young drivers to progress through a series of licensing stages ~ Learner's Permit Stage: You can only be behind the wheel if a licensed driver is with you ~ Intermeditae License Stage: Driver must have successfully completed the learner's permit stage and an approved driver education course; night driving is restricted; supervised driving ~ Full-Privelege Licensing: Successfully complete the intermediate stage violation-free and collison-free Section 1.4 - Driver Education & Your License - You will need necessary skills to become a safe and low-risk driver -Your Beginning - The "Drive Right" program is your start to becoming a responsible driver; it is based on the following concepts: ~ Learn to use the IPDE Process ~ Driving greatly influence by your attitude ~ Safety belts and other restraints used at all times ~ Never drink and drive! - Once you complete the Driver Education program, you should take at least one year to ease into your full-time responsibilities - A Continuous Process - The Driver Education course will prepare you for your personal lifetime driving adventure, BUT it will not teach you everything you will encounter when driving. GOOD DRIVERS NEVER STOP LEARNING! THAT'S ALL FOLKS!! :) THANKS FOR READING <3
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