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catherine ortinero

on 9 September 2013

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Transcript of AFRICA

-Kenyan’s are less individualistic as compared to being group-oriented.
-“Harambee” is a Bantu word which means “to put together”, is the best words that defines how people approach each other in real life.

The most common greeting in Kenya is the handshake.
People in Kenya are usually addressed by their academic, professional or honorific title followed by their surname.
Nairobi National Park
Mt. Kenya
Must-do activities in Kenya
Watch wildlife migration
Visit Kenyan tribes
Foster an elephant
Getting married in the Maasi tribe
Go on a cheese tour
Go on a rhino charge
Best night out
“ How are you?” -“Hujambo?”
“ I am fine” -“ Sijambo” “ Hamjambo?” or
“ Hello, how are you all- “ Hatujambo”
“ Jina lako ni nani?” - “ What is your name?”
“Jina langu ni______” or “ My name is_______”
“ Nzuri, asante” - “ fine, thank you”.
“ Umeshindaje leo?” - “ How have you been today?”
Sheng or Swahili slang is commonly used to greet tourists

Gipsy bar
Kenyan crafts
Gift Giving

• In general, Kenyans give gifts for events of significance in a person’s life or days of religious significance.
• Gifts need not be expensive. In fact, practical gifts are preferred. Kenya is a poor country and a gift of something that the person cannot generally afford is always welcome.
• It is customary to give small gifts to servants, trades people, and service workers at Christmas.
• If invited to dinner at a Kenyan’s home, bring pastries, flowers, or sweets for the hostess. In rural areas, gifts of sugar or tea are quite common.
• Do not bring alcohol unless you know that your host drinks.
• Gifts should be given using the right hand only or both hands. Never use the left hand.

kenyan clothing *Maasi Tribe*
Capital: Nairob
Languages: English and Swahili

Facts about Ghana
The word Ghana means "Warrior King". It was accorded to the kings of the medieval West African Ghana Empire. The name "Ghana" was the source of the name "Guinea" used to refer to the West Africa coast off the Republic of Ghana.
-Ghana is the second largest cocoa producer in the world, and one of the world's largest gold producers.
-Ghana is home to Lake Volta, the largest artificial lake in the world by surface area.
Cultural Factors
There are 52 tribes in Ghana with its different cultural practices. The two most known tribes are the Peo they are the ones who speaks the local language of Ghana and the De Ewe that likes the spiritual encounter.
They also have 15 festivals in Ghana; they are the aboakyir, adaekese, akwambo, akwasidae, apoo, asafotufian, bakatue, bugum, damba, fetu, hogbetsotso, homowo, jundum, odwira and ohum.
They also have different celebration like the naming ceremony.They also believe in magic works.
With their religion, Christianity, Islam and there are also Ghanaians that are declared with no religion.
With their language, English, kwa language, and Gur language
With their music and dance, The most known Ghanaian dances are those for celebrations. Some of these dances include Adowa, Kpanlogo, Azonto, Klama, and Bamaya.
With sports, football is the most popular sport in Ghana.
Kente is a Ghanaian national costume and clothing and these cloths are used to make traditional and modern Ghanaian attire.
Best Food
Best Night Out
Best tourist spots
Best Souvenirs
African Drums
Any item that is made with kente
Must learn words or greetings

Eti sen?How are you?
Eh ya.-I'm fine.
Ye fro wo sen.-What is your name?
Maa chi/ Maa ha/ Maa jo.-Good morning/Good afternoon/Good evening.
Wa ye sen-This is how much?
Koo se. -Sorry.
Me daa si-Thank you

•The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the 1890s. She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape. The word nigeris Latin for black.
•Nigeria is West Africa's economic giant and more of a business destination than a tourist attraction.
•Nigeria has the largest population of any African country. In July 2000, Nigeria's population was estimated at more than 123 million people.
•What countries border Nigeria?
Nigeria is bordered by the Republic of Benin on the west, Chad and Cameroon on the east, and by Niger in the north. On the south it borders the Gulf of Guinea.

•How big is Nigeria?
Nigeria is a country covering a total area of 356,667 square miles. As of 2011, the country has an estimated population of 167 million; it is the seventh-most populous country in the world.

•What are the administrative divisions of Nigeria?
Nigeria is a country comprising thirty-six states and one Federal Capital Territory. The states are further divided into 774 Local Government Areas (LGAs).

The flag of Nigeria features three vertical stripes, with green on each side and white in the middle, equally proportioned. The green symbolizes agriculture and the lush forests of Nigeria, while the white stripe represents peace and unity
What is the official language of Nigeria?
English is the official language of Nigeria and is extensively used for education, business transactions and for official purposes.
The majority of the population of the country stays in rural areas, indigenous languages such as the Yoruba and Igbo are spoken by the majority.

•Nigeria has a long and incredibly rich literary history. Nigerians are traditionally storytellers.
•Perhaps Nigeria's most famous writer is Wole Soyinka, who won the 1986 Nobel Prize for literature. His most famous works include A Dance of the Forests, The Swamp Dwellers, and The Lion and the Jewel.

Wole Soyinka
What is the religion of Nigeria?
-Nigeria is a multi-religious country. Fifty percent of the population practice Islam while the rest adhere to Christianity.
The other minority religions in the country include Hinduism, Judaism, the Baha'i Faith, and Chrislam (a syncretic faith that contains elements of Christianity and Islam).
Nigerian Clothing for women
Nigerian dresses for women include buba, kaba, iro, gele and iborun or ipele.

Nigerian clothing for men
Nigerian dresses for men include buba, fila, sokoto, abeti-aja and agbada.


•The houses are made of wood and bamboo and topped with a roof made of fronds from raffia palms. The houses are very airy, to allow heat and the smoke from cooking fires to escape easily.
•Igbo houses tend to be made of a bamboo frame held together with vines and mud and covered with banana leaves. They often blend into the surrounding forest and can be easily missed if you don't know where to look. Men and women traditionally live in separate houses.

•Oil and petroleum-based products made up 95 percent of Nigeria's exports in 1998.
•Cocoa and rubber are also produced for export. Major export partners include the United States, Spain, India, France, and Italy.
•Crude oil, coal, tin, columbite, palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber, wood, hides and skins, textiles, cement and other construction materials, food products, footwear, chemicals, fertilizer, printing, ceramics, steel.

The formal education system in Nigeria includes:
• 6 years of primary schooling
• 3 years of junior secondary schooling
• 3 years of senior secondary schooling, and
• 4 years of university education, finally directing toward a bachelor's level degree in the majority of the subjects.

The annual term of school in Nigeria is ten months, and is sectioned into three ten- to twelve-week periods, each at the pre-primary, primary, junior and senior secondary stages.

ACCORDING TO her, the ……
Best Food
Oha Soup

Lekpa - Someone who is slim
Orobo - Someone who is fat
Maga,kolo ----Madness,
Naa in--- Then,
Yawa don gas---Trouble,
Sotey-Sotey --- Till,
No Ves --- Don't be angry,
YeYe --- Nonsense,
I Tieya --- Am tired,
Comot for Road --- Give way,
Tanda ---- Waiting,
Vamus -- Take off
You dey fold my Hands --- Dissappoint,
Wetidey happen?- what is happening

white color represents peace
green, the beauty of nature
red, the blood of those killed fighting for independence in the Algerian War (1954 to 1962)
the star and crescent represent Islam.
Algerian Arabic
A simple handshake is common during initial meetings.
•As in many Mediterranean countries, time tends to be viewed loosely in . People and relationships often take precedence over tasks and deadlines.
•Being punctual in social situations is not as important as in business situations.

•Wagging an index finger at someone is considered rude. It's better to point with the whole hand.
•Avoid smoking, eating or drinking in public places during the time of Ramadan.
•Homosexuality is illegal and penalties include imprisonment.

•Photography of military or sensitive sites, including military or security personnel, may lead to arrest or detention and possibly deportation.
•It is against the law to attempt to convert Muslims to another faith or to distribute material that may be seen by local authorities as an attempt to convert Muslims to another faith.

•Eye contact is a sign of respect and one should certainly make eye contact when being introduced. However, overly direct eye contact should be avoided.
•Many women are still expected to stay at home with the kids and do the cooking, cleaning and take care of the home. While many work and opportunities are becoming more and more available, the country is still dominated by men.
Algeria is the 11th largest country in the world and the 2nd largest in Africa.
Algeria is considered the country with the highest cost of living in North Africa.
The national day in Algeria is on November 1st. It's also called "Revolution Day".
80%-90% of Algeria is Sahara desert. And they have the biggest sand dunes.


The vast majority of Algerians are Sunni Muslims, though in some places, there are minority groups of Christians.

Women wear
dress, covering everything except the face and hands.
Men in the less urbanized areas wear a
gandoura or cloak
which is made of white or brown wool. They also wear a shirt which is worn over another longer shirt. Men may also wear a burnous which is a cape.
A rural woman will traditionally wear a
which is a veil like garment that covers the woman from head to toe.

-Education is officially compulsory for children between the ages of six and 15.
-Algeria has 26 universities and 67 institutions of higher education, which must accommodate a million Algerians and 80,000 foreign students .
Algeria counts among its literary stars both French writers who lived and wrote in Algeria as well as native Algerians, some of whom have chosen to write in the colonial language and some of whom write in Arabic or Berber dialects.
-Traditional crafts include knotted and woven carpets made from wool or goat hair
-silver jewelry
intricate embroidery
Dance, Music and Art
Algerian films have recently won accolades, both within the country and abroad.
The Algerian musical genre best known abroad is
, a pop-flavored, opinionated take on folk music.
Algerian music and dance follow in the Arabic tradition.
Algerian cuisine is clearly seen in their use of stews, lamb, vegetables, grains and dried fruits.
Algeria's national dish is Couscous, which is steamed and then served with meat, vegetables and sauce.
Night Out
Star Studio
Top Tourist Attractions In Algeria
Santa Cruz Castle
M’Zab Valley
climb in the sand dunes
Motto: "The love of liberty brought us here"
NAME: Liberia
LOCATION: Africa & The Middle East
OFFICIAL LANGUAGE: English 20% (official), some 20 ethnic group languages, of which a few can be written and are used in correspondence.
•Population - 3,225,837
•Capital, Monrovia,
•The official language of Liberia is English, but there are also more than 30 indigenous languages.
•The Liberian Dollar (LRD) is the official currency of the Republic of Liberia since 1943
for every 1 peso= 1.76 as of august 2,2013


At social gatherings, it is polite for a man to offer his seat to an elderly or pregnant woman.
People of the same gender may hold hands in public as a sign of friendship, but holding hands and other displays of affection between men and women are considered inappropriate

Liberia lies on the western "bulge" of Africa. About half the country is covered by primary tropical rain forest containing valuable hardwoods. A monsoon climate of alternating wet and dry seasonscharacterizes the weather

Liberian ceremonial spoon
Wood Carving
Generally, in urban areas Liberians are more likely to dress in typical Western style dress (jeans and t-shirts),
while in more rural areas Liberians wear more traditional West African attire. Traditionally men wear short or long pants with a loose round-neck shirt.

Women traditionally will wear a long wrap skirt called “lappa” and loose top called “bubba”. They may also wear a head wrap.
West African clothes are famous for their brightly colored and patterned fabrics.

Liberia is located only 6 degrees north of the equator, making it a hot and humid tropical climate. Travelers should keep this in mind and bring clothing made of breathable, light fabrics, such as cotton and linen, in light colors.

Fashionable shoes
Agriculture – Products
rubber, coffee, cocoa, rice, cassava (tapioca), palm oil, sugarcane, bananas; sheep, goats; timber

rubber processing, palm oil processing, diamonds

Export Commodities:
diamonds, iron ore, rubber, timber, coffee, cocoa
Import Commodities:
fuels, chemicals, machinery, transportation equipment, manufactured goods; rice

A rich literary tradition has existed in Liberia for over a century
They have written on folk art, ancient proverbs, everyday life in countryside, city life, religion and observation of their own lives. Culture, tradition, identity, society, taboo subjects, human rights, equality and diversity within Liberia, multiculturalism, Pan-Africanism, colonialism and its reverberating consequences today, post colonial African countries and future of the country have been featured in novels, books, magazines and novelettes since the 19th century.
Poetry is a prominent canon of Liberian literature. Many authors have presented their pose in all poetic styles. Often adding their own unique perspectives, writing styles and observation of the material and spiritual worlds into their books. Liberia's prominent writers also share a variety of genres that cross several decades.

Active membership in a Christian denomination probably involves less than 20 percent of the population. Twenty to 30 percent of the population is at least nominally Muslim, and the remainder practices indigenous religious systems surrounding ancestor worship and secret society membership.
Access to higher education at the University of Liberia was limited, especially for those of "tribal" background, until large numbers of the elite began taking advantage of foreign scholarships to send their children to Europe and the United States in the 1960s. Many of the current leaders, including President Charles Taylor, received their education in the United States.
The constitution of 1847 was patterned on the American constitution and provided for a separation of powers among the executive, legislative, and judicial branches..
At the local level, each county is administered by a superintendent appointed by the president and further divided into districts, chiefdoms, and clans. The system of "native" administration retains much of the older system of indirect rule in which local chiefs are empowered by the central government to collect taxes and judge minor court cases.

Kpelle people common greetings are:
Yaa-wun (Good morning),
Gba-to-wa (Good afternoon),
Elo-wlee (Good night),
Ku-maneeju (How are you?).

Name: AbnerEncinas Morales
Age: 48 yrs.old
Address: 25th Ave. Queson City, Camp Emilio Aguinaldo, Department of National Defense
Work: Technical Sgt. Philippine Army
When: August 16, 2009 – February 16,2010
Best Place: Fire Stone Plantion
Best Experience: Socializing and interacting with the Liberian people
Best Food
Joll of rice is a Traditional Sunday Liberian Dinner.
About 42 percent of the population of Liberia are classified as undernourished by the World Bank.This means they do not receive adequate nutrition in their diet. Of children under the age of five, over 33 percent are stunted (short for their age).
Best Places
Location: North Africa, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between Egypt and Tunisia
Capital: Tripoli
Surface: 679,500 square miles (1,760,000 square kilometers)
Climate: Meditteranean along coast; dry, extreme desert interior
Population: 6, 173, 579 (july 2008 est)
Ethnic Make-up: Barber and Arab 97% other 3% (includes Greeks, Maltese, Italians, Egyptians, Pakistanis, Turk, Indians, and Tunisians)
Government: Parliamentary Republic
Monetary unit: 1 Libyan dinar (LD) = 1,000 dirhams
Life Expectancy: 73years (men), 78 years (women) (UN)
National Holiday: Revolution Day, Septermber 1



•Arabic, Italian and English widely understood in major cities

Ali Omar Ermes
•Ali Zwaik
•Mohammed Zwawi
•Ataf al Somali
•Abu Ras

Ali al-Albani
Khaled Mattawa
Ashur Atwebi
Mohammad Hassan
Industry and Handicarfts
Traditional Industries,
Designs & Crafts
Leather Bags & Wallets
Tuareg Musical Imzad
This Imzad (Amzad or Anzad) is on display at Ghadames Museum.
The Loom, from Ghadames, for weaving rugs and carpets.
The stone mill (quern)
Traditional Oil Press
Traditional Interior House Designs (from Ghadames)
Economic summary: GDP/PPP (2012 est.): $87.91 billion; per capita $13,300. Real growth rate: 3.7%. Inflation: 3.6%. Unemployment: 30% (2004 est.). Arable land: 1.03%. Agriculture: wheat, barley, olives, dates, citrus, vegetables, peanuts, soybeans; cattle. Labor force: 1.437 million; agriculture 17%, industry 23%, services 59% (2004 est.). Industries: petroleum, iron and steel, food processing, textiles, handicrafts, cement. Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, gypsum. Exports: $51.48 billion (2012 est.): crude oil, refined petroleum products, natural gas. Imports: $16.31 billion (2012 est.): machinery, transport equipment, semi-finished goods, food, consumer products.
-Muslim 97%, others 3%


•Primary education
•Secondary school
•Vocational school

Etiquette and Customs in Libya
Meeting Etiquette
•Greetings are enthusiastic and warm.
•Handshakes can be long affairs and extended as long as the verbal niceties take to cover.
•Smiling and direct eye contact is important although the eye contact should be intermittent rather than constant.
•Men shake hands. A man must wait for a woman to extend her hand first.
•The most common greeting is "Aalaamu alaikum" ("Peace be with you") to which one would respond with “wa alaikum salam” (“and Peace be with you”).

Gift Giving Etiquette
•If you are invited to a Libyan’s home bring something sweet such as pastries, fruit or a small gift from your home country.
•If a man must give a gift to a woman, he should say that it is from his wife, mother, sister, or some other female relation.
•A small gift for the children is always a nice touch.
•Gifts are given with two hands or the right hand.
•Gifts are generally not opened when received.

Dining Etiquette
If you are invited to a Libyan's house for food then:
•Try to be on time although being 15-20 minutes late would not be seen as rude.
•Dress conservatively.
•Check if you should remove your shoes at the door.
•Show respect for the elders by greeting them first.
•Accept any offer of coffee or tea.
•It is increasingly common in large urban areas for men and women to eat together, although in some families men and women will eat in separate rooms or one after the other.
•A bowl of perfumed water may be passed around the table before the meal. Dip three fingers into the water as a form of ritual cleansing.
•A short prayer may be said before and after the meal.
•Honoured guests are generally asked to serve themselves first or the host may serve them.
•Eat only with the right hand.
•Expect there to be more food than can be consumed by the number of guests present.
•You will be urged to take more food even after you have said you are full.
•Always leave a small bit of food on your plate when you have finished to show that your host has showered you with generosity and abundance.

Business Etiquette and Protocol
Meeting and Greeting

•The handshake is commonly used.
•Shake hands at the beginning and end of meetings.
•Titles are important. Use the honorific Mister and any academic or political title.
•Government officials will usually be addressed as "Your Excellency".
•Do not use only the first name unless invited to do so.
•Business cards may be given to those you meet.
•It is a nice touch to have one side translated into Arabic

Leptis Magna
Tadrart Acacus or the Acacus Mountains
Best Food: Couscous

Best Night-out: None

Best Tourist Spot:Historical place/sites like Samson and Delila, statues of greek gods and goddesses, ruins like Byzanthine palace and the manmade river

Best Souviners:Antiques like clay jars, plates, kitchen utensils, postcards and carpets

Must learn greetings:
“Keif Halek” - How are you
“Sabah Alkai” - Good morning
“Sabah al nour” - Good afternoon

A visit to Libya
An Interview with Lota Francia

Surface: 1,001,450 sq. km.

Population: 80,335,036 (2007), comprising 98% 25 Egyptians. The remaining 2% 25 includes Berbers and Bedouins.
System of government: Egypt is a republic. The President is the chief of state.

Capital: Cairo is the capital of Egypt and has a population of around 750,000 inhabitants (2006).

Religion: Approximately 90% 25 of the Egyptian population is Muslim; the remaining 10% 25 is Christian.

Official Language: The official language is Arabic.

Government: Egypt is a republic. The President is the chief of state.

Climate: Egypt has a typical desert climate—hot summers and mild winters.
Units of measure and electricity: Egypt follows the metric system and the official electricity unit is 220V, 50 Hz.

Time Zone: The Egyptian standard time is GMT + 2.

Currency: Egyptian Pound: (1 € = 7.6027 EGP).

Travel documents required: A tourist visa is necessary for travel to Egypt, along with a passport that is valid for at least six months.

The official language of the Republic is Modern Standard Arabic. The spoken languages are: Egyptian Arabic (68%), Sa'idi Arabic (29%), Eastern Egyptian Bedawi Arabic (1.6%), Sudanese Arabic (0.6%), Domari (0.3%), Nobiin (0.3%), Beja (0.1%), Siwi and others.
Woman in sebleh
Man in gallibaya
Bibliotheca Alexandrina is a commemoration of the ancient Library of Alexandria in Egypt's second largest city.
Eighteenth dynasty painting from the tomb of Theban governor Ramose in Deir el-Madinah
Greek Club
Top Things to See
Great Pyramid of Giza
Top Things to Do
Day trip to Aswan
Ride horses and donkeys around the pyramids
Visit the Egyptian Museum

Welcome- (ahlan wa sahlan)
Hello- (is salām 'alaykum)
I'm fine, thanks. And you? - (izayyak/izayyik/izayyuku)
Good morning- (ṣabā il kẖayr)
response - (ṣabā in noor)
Good afternoon/evening- (misa' il kẖayr)
response - (misa' in noor)
Good night- (tiṣbaḥ 'ala kẖayr)
response - (winta min ahla)

Full transcript