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Transcript of baroque assignment
Represented a mixture of diverse styles
Baroque composers continued to develop and place great accent contrast of volume, texture and pace in music
Goal to move the public, to express sentiment
Baroque musical style was shaped by the needs of churches, which used the emotional and theatrical qualities to make worship more attractive
When compared with both Medieval and Renaissance Periods, Baroque music is considered to be highly elaborate, lavishly texturized and intense
From the polyphonic style of the Renaissance to the
homophonic style of music for the Baroque Period.
Going into the pre-classical era, music began to evolve out of the opera overture 1600's - 1750's Major Developments in Music Music Characteristics In the Baroque era the mood does not change in the piece. If the song happy from the beginning, then it goes on throughout the piece till the end. The rhythm is not interrupted, the beat is distinct and the melody heard gets repetitive. The pieces made were complex and elaborate so that they were not easy to sing or play. The dynamics stay same for some time, then shifts to another level. There is no such thing as crescendo or decrescendo back in the days because keyboards could not go in from loud to soft. Compositions have a polyphonic texture. The soprano and bass lines more important. The melodic line happens in more than one voices Orchestra and Instrument Development Instrumental music became just as important as vocal music. The Instruments were beginning to be tuned differently.( Equaled tempered tuning of keyboard were common and, intonation was no longer used). In this period they also started to create Violins.
There was mainly 3 keyboards used in this era. Clavichord , organ, Harpischord. Clavichord produces sound by striking metal wedge striking against a string. Sound quality of this keyboard is weak however, but the instrument can produce some dynamics. Clavichord is used mainly in Germany. Organ was mainly used in churches and as a solo instrument or with an accompaniment. By far, The harpsichord was most popular type of keyboard in Europe. It was known by many names in Europe such as Virginal calveven etc. The tone was produced with quills which plucked the strings. Harpsichord had one of the most unique sound of the Baroque era.
The String Instrument
During this era, Violins have been newly introduced. Violins soon became very popular and was the leader of stringed instruments. The sound and tone of the violin became the lead in baroque music
The Wind instruments:
Wind instruments in the baroque period were bassoon, flute, and oboe. flutes were the common solo and ensemble instrument. Brass instruments such as horns, trumpets, and trombones were used in large ensembles, but rarely as solo instruments. Music's Role Within Society THREE FAMOUS COMPOSERS OF THE ERA AND THEIR MAIN CONTRIBUTIONS -German Baroque composer-recognized for playing the organ, otherwise he is not famous. On the contrary of not being known to a lot of people, he was one of the most greatest composers of all time-uses cantata and fugue forms in music-composed more than 1100 works with every genre you can think off except opera-more than 20 children, 4 becoming famous musicians as well. :Carl Philipp Emanuel, Wilhelm Friedemann, Johann Christoph Friedrich, and Johann Christian.-major works: Toccata and Fugue in D Minor (1705), Cantata No. 208 (1713), and many more
- Died of a stroke on July 28, 1750, which marked the end of the Baroque period in music-his music was popular 100 years after death, when his works were discovered Johann Sebastian Bach George Frideric Handel George Frideric Handel produced his first opera, Rinaldo, at the Queen's Theater on February 24, 1711. The opera was a huge success which assured Handel of the finest reputation in England. He was so popular in England that the queen gave him a royal pension to be paid each year. In 1717, he created his most famous piece of music, the Water Music. This was performed at a royal party which took place on a barge floating down the Thames River. Antoino Vivaldi Antonio Vivaldi's Famous work and Bio
-very common as a last resort for poor families to obtain free schooling
-created many five-finger exercises for his students, which were all female
- called orphanages or Ospedali
-homes for female offspring of noblemen and their numerous dalliances with their mistresses
-thus well endowed by the "anonymous" fathers
-were well looked after
-musical standards among the highest in Venice OTHER COMPOSERS OF THE ERA 4. George Philip Telemann
10.Giovanni Battista Sammartini Orchestral and Instrument Development Cont... Orchestral Music
The orchestra in the Baroque Era was mainly composed of strings. Wind instruments and percussion instruments were rarely used.. The bass of the orchestra was played by the basso continuo.
The solo concerto was created near the end of the Baroque period. Solo concerto was made for one instrument and an orchestra. Solo concertos are written in three movements using a fast-slow-fast method. Major Historical and Political Events Death of Elizabeth I - 1603
The last crowned head of the Tudor Dynasty was Elizabeth I. She was the daughter of King Henry VIII and his second wife. Anne Boleyn was born on 7 September 1533. She was crowned queen at 25, She died on 24 March, 1603.
Arrival of the Pilgrims - 1620
The year 1620 was the arrival of the settlers at the Plymouth Colony. Pilgrims are a group of English Separatists and who dissociated themselves from the Church of England because they were not convinced the church had completed the work of Reformation.
Discovery of New York - 1626
In the year 1626, It is known that Dutch explorers have discovered New York. Henry Hudson was the founder of New York. In honour of this achievement the Hudson river, Hudson bay, and Hudson strait, are all named after him.
End of Commonwealth of England & Return of Monarchy during English Restoration - 1660
The republic ruled over England, Scotland, and Ireland in 1649 and came to an end in 1660. The Royal family ruled England after that again. Scientific/Technological Discoveries Social trends/Happening-Clothes Entertainment and Everyday Life the end...................................................................................................................................................................................................................... Cantana 208 Water works La Sena festeggiante Johann Sebastian Bach composed this to honour Duke Christian of Saxe-Weisenfels' birthday on February 23 of that year (1713). The Duke likes hunting so the song's full name "Was mir behagt". The English translation to that is "The cheerful hunt is all that gives me pleasure." Cantata No. 208 The Telescope An instrument for looking far into space
Began around the year 1608
Created by Hans Lippershey and Zacharias Janssen
Consisted of a convex lens and a concave eyepiece
The telescope would simply slid inside itself to focus
Galileo Galilei greatly improved on the concept of the Telescope and observed planets from Earth The Barometer An instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure
Pressure change can result in the changes of the weather
Created in 1644
By Evangelista Torricelli
He created the sustain vacuum which led him to discover the principle of the Barometer Scientific and Technological discoveries cont... The Thermometer An Instrument used to measuring temperature by using materials that change to heat and coldness.
Before the thermometer there was the closely related thermoscope
Thermoscope showed differences in temperatures, but the thermoscope could not measure all the temperatures like a thermometer could.
1612, Santorio Santorio became the first inventor to put a numerical scale on the thermoscope
Thermometers have been used for many ages and is mostly used now for medical purposes (taking the temperature of patients) Puffy was the new black
Women wore tight corsets with a low broad neckline and dropped shoulders, full loose sleeves that ended just below the elbow
Cavalier, style of dress was popular of the Baroque era
It made a distinct change from fashions prior age.
High waist lines were considered in fashion for men and women
Men stopped wearing pantyhose and started wearing breeches During the baroque period, most music was written for aristocratic courts, churches, opera houses, municipalities There was always a demand for new music. Musicians served clients and customers, of all classes (noble, churches, state). Many of the music written during the baroque period have been incorporated in today’s concert repertory. Music was also used in entertainment whether for vocals or instrumental. -Cavalier most popular fashion stlye
-clothing changed from stiff fabric to silk
-trimmings were simplefied to just being buttons, buttonholes and lace
-woman's neckline cut wider and squared
-waistlines were heigthend
-no sleeves anymore
-men wear doublets and jerkins
-English cuisine consisted of various breads, meat pies (pies full of meat), fresh fruit, sweets and desserts
-London's residents ate four square meals a day
-forks were introduced from Italy as utensils for eating meat
-discoveries of new exotic foods and spices
-wine got popular in this era
-French cuisine: each course has all the different dishes placed on the table at the same time and in exactly detailed locations. The diners would take whatever type of food was near at hand without moving the dishes. If needed the people would pass their plates to their neighbors to get food that was out of their reach out of politeness. At huge dinners, if the guests want to sample all the dishes, then that will result in an interesting selection of food near each guest.
-croquet really popular
-Americans do not have the time to play games. American children play when the adults do not. The adults encouraged children to play games that give practice to skills used in later life. They discouraged anything to do with luck becuase it can lead to gambling.