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Transcript of Civil Rights
AFRICAN AMERICANS AND WOMEN
Martin Luther King Jr.
Martin Luther King Jr. was a civil rights activist in the 1950s and 1960s. He led non-violent protests to fight for the rights of all people including African Americans. He hoped that America and the world could become a colorblind society where race would not impact a person's civil rights. He is considered one of the great speakers of modern times and his speeches still inspire many to this day. He helped to lead the March on Washington where he gave his famous “I Have a Dream” speech.
4. What was the Pearsall Plan?
AN AMENDMENT PROPOSITION THAT WOULD DELAY THE PROCESS OF INTEGRATION. THE PLAN ALLOWED LOCAL SCHOOLS TO CLOSE RATHER THAN INTEGRATE IF A MAJORITY VOTED TO DO SO. THE PLAN ALSO PERMITTED THE STATE LEGISLATURE TO GIVE TUITION MONEY TO PARENTS WHO PREFERED TO HAVE THEIR CHILDREN ATTEND PRITE SCHOOLS
7. What did the Civil Rights Act in 1964 allow?
FEDERAL FUNDS FOR EDUCATION TO BE WITHHELD IF DISCRIMINATION CONTINUED
10. What is a sit-in?
A MEANS OF PEACEFUL PROTEST
13. Who was the first woman to serve as a chief justice on the state supreme court?
SUSIE MARSHALL SHARP
2. Why were African Americans forced to attend schools that were designated for them?
BECAUSE THE SCHOOLS WERE SEGREGATED BY STATE LAW
3. Even though a court order required UNC to admit African Americans to its law, graduate, and medical schools, many African Americans did not get equal opportunities for education until what court case?
BROWN VS. THE BOARD OF EDUCATION
5. Was the Pearsall Plan ever put into practice? What did it help?
NO, BUT IT DID HELP QUIET THE OUTCRY IN NC AGAINST THE SUPREME COURT DECISION
6. What was put into law to speed up the process of integration?
CIVIL RIGHTS ACT 1964
8. What became a powerful tool for integration?
BUSING STUDENTS TO DIFFERENT SCHOOLS
9. Besides being told where to go to school, what else were African Americans told to do?
EXPECTED TO LIVE TOGETHER IN CERTAIN AREAS AND TO SIT IN CERTAIN SEATS ON BUSES AND TRAINS
11. What was the Greensboro sit-in called?
12. Even during integration, who held state office?
PROMINENT AFRICAN AMERICANS
14. What year did women begin to vote?
15. What led to social change in NC?
THE CIVIL RIGHTS MOVEMENT
It was on December 1, 1955 that Rosa made her famous stand (while sitting) on the bus. Rosa had settled in her seat on the bus after a hard day's work. All the seats on the bus had filled up when a white man boarded. The bus driver told Rosa and some other African-Americans to stand up. Rosa refused. The bus driver said he would call the police. Rosa didn't move. Soon the police showed up and Rosa was arrested. Called the Montgomery Bus Boycott
Boycott: a group's refusal to have commercial dealings with some organization in protest against its policies
Malcolm X was a very passionate defender of African Americans' civil rights. He was the leader of the Nation of Islam, a group that believed African Americans should form a separate nation from white Americans. Malcolm believed that African Americans should not be afraid to do whatever it takes to defend their rights, including the use of violence. But after returning from a trip to Mecca, a holy city for Muslims like Malcolm, he changed his beliefs. He said that blacks and whites should try to live together in peace. But Malcolm X did not live long enough to pursue that dream. In 1965, he was killed during a meeting in New York City. Malcolm X remains, though, an important hero for many African Americans.