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Hansel and Gretel

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CB Giulia

on 19 November 2014

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Transcript of Hansel and Gretel

Hansel and Gretel
Student: Giulia Campazi Bergamo
Hansel and Gretel - the origin belongs to a group of European tales that were popular in the Baltic regions.
The fairy tale may have originated in the Medieval Period of the Great Famine (1315–1321) - (disease, mass death, infanticide and cannibalism increased exponentially. Seeking relief, some desperate parents abandoned their children).
It's is a Folk tale. (A folk tale is a story or legend handed down from generation to generation usually by oral retelling. Folk tales often explain something that happens in nature or convey a certain truth about life.)
Hansel and Gretel was published (for the first time in 1812) by the Brothers Grimm, in German language.

Grimm's Version
The Grimms made some changes to this tale throughout its publication history.
Wilhelm added numerous small embellishments, making the tale more dramatic, literary, and sentimental in succeeding editions. The biggest example in description is the children's escape.
But the most substantial change was the transformation of the children's mother into a stepmother. - in the 4th edition (1840) the Grimms introduced the word "stepmother," although they retained the word "mother" in some passages.
Whereas the children's mother/stepmother grows harsher in succeeding editions, their father grows more introspective and unable to stand up to his domineering wife.
The changes: suitable for middle class consumers of the 19th century.
Extracts: Changes

"If you don't do it," said the woman, "all of us will starve together," and she gave him no peace until he said yes.

The two children were still awake from hunger and heard everything that
the mother
had said to the father.

The man was very disheartened, and he thought it would be better to share the last bit with the children, but because he had done it once, he could not say no.

Oh, you fool,"
she said, "then all four of us will starve. All you can do is to plane the boards for our coffins." And she gave him no peace until he agreed.

The two children had not been able to fall asleep because of their hunger, and they heard what
the stepmother
had said to the father.

The man was very disheartened, and he thought, "It would be better to share the last bit with the children."
But the woman would not listen to him, scolded him, and criticized him.
He who says A must also say B, and because he had given in the first time, he had to do so the second time as well.

First Edition - 1812
Final Edition - 1857
Hansel had already eaten a piece from the roof and Gretel had eaten a few round windowpanes, and she had just broken out another one when she heard a gentle voice calling out from inside:

Nibble, nibble, little mouse,
Who is nibbling at my house?

"But now we must leave," said Hansel, "and get out of these witch-woods."
After walking a few hours they arrived at a large body of water.
"We cannot get across," said Hansel. "I cannot see a walkway or a bridge."
"There are no boats here," answered Gretel, "but there is a white duck swimming. If I ask it, it will help us across."

Then she called out:

Duckling, duckling,
Here stand Gretel and Hansel.
Neither a walkway nor a bridge,
Take us onto your white back.

The duckling came up to them, and Hansel climbed onto it, then asked his little sister to sit down next to him.

"No," answered Gretel. "That would be too heavy for the duckling. It should take us across one at a time."
That is what the good animal did, and when they were safely on the other side, and had walked on a little while, the woods grew more and more familiar to them, and finally they saw the father's house in the distance. They began to run, rushed inside, and threw their arms around the father's neck.
Now all their cares were at an end, and they lived happily together.

My tale is done,
A mouse has run.

And whoever catches it can make for himself from it a large, large fur cap.
Hansel reached up and broke off a little of the roof to see how it tasted, while Gretel stood next to the windowpanes and was nibbling at them. Then a gentle voice called out from inside:

Nibble, nibble, little mouse,
Who is nibbling at my house?

The children answered:

The wind, the wind,
The heavenly child.

They continued to eat, without being distracted. Hansel, who very much like the taste of the roof, tore down another large piece, and Gretel poked out an entire round windowpane.

The End (Final Edition)
It was already the third morning since they had left the father's house. They started walking again, but managed only to go deeper and deeper into the woods.
If help did not come soon, they would perish. At midday they saw a little snow-white bird sitting on a branch. It sang so beautifully that they stopped to listen. When it was finished it stretched its wings and flew in front of them. They followed it until they came to a little house.
The bird sat on the roof, and when they came closer, they saw that the little house was built entirely from bread with a roof made of cake, and the windows were made of clear sugar.
On the third day they walked until midday when they came to a little house built entirely from bread with a roof made of cake, and the windows were made of clear sugar.

The father rejoiced when he saw them once more, for he had not had a happy day since they had been gone, and now he was a rich man. However, the mother had died.

The End (First Edition)
Poverty and deprivation do not improve the character of the men (who become more selfish and less sensitive).
The importance of the maternal figure (feeding, care, deception).
The Pagan origin is suppressed by religious elements.
The importance of the female figure.
A rite of passage.

An earlier version
Movie adaptations
All movies based on the Grimms' version:
1982 short film by Tim Burton
1987 movie, director Len Talan
2002 movie, director Gary J. Tunnicliffe
2007 movie, South Korea Horror Film
2011 movie in 3D
It is an earlier French version of Hansel and Gretel. In this story instead of a witch we have a devil. Now the wicked old devil is tricked by the children (in much the same way as Hansel and Gretel did), but he works it out and puts together a sawhorse to put one of the children on to bleed. The children pretend not to know how to get on the sawhorse so the devil’s wife demonstrates. While she is lying down, the kids slash her throat and escape.
The Lost Children
BETTELHEIM, B. A psicanálise dos contos de fadas. Rio de Janeiro: Paz e Terra, 1990. p. 195-202
Hansel and Gretel are young children whose father is a woodcutter and they were so poor.
The parents left their children in the forest to die. (twice)
Hansel and Gretel hear her plan (of their parents), and gather white pebbles, to leave themselves a trail home. After their return, they were abandoned again; this time however, they can only leave a trail of breadcrumbs.
Hansel and Gretel become lost.
They find a house made of bread. where a witch lives
She cages Hansel, and makes Gretel her servant.
While she prepares to boil Hansel, she tells Gretel to be sure if the oven is ready to bake; but Gretel guesses that the witch intends to bake her too, and deceives her. The witch dies.
The children takes jewels from the witch's house, they set off for home to be reunited with their father, whose wife has since died.
Summary of the original version
Full transcript