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Science & Technology in the Victorian Era
Transcript of Science & Technology in the Victorian Era
Victorian Scientists Inventors of
The Victorian era The Rivals Timeline The Pioneers of Film The Victorian era lasted from 1837 until 1901 For example, Charles Darwin 1830s . Thomas Edison in Victorian times Scientific ideas and theory first derived from this era are essential to our understanding of science today Likewise, technologies developed during this time are also still in use today You can thank them for not letting you die when you got that papercut last week Ignaz Semmelweis In 1847 he theorized that disinfectants helped stop the spread of childbed fever, an infection mothers could succumb to while giving birth Louis Pasteur He invented modern pasteurization in 1856 His ideas were rejected by scientists when he first suggested the idea Goods like milk could be pasteurized to prevent the growth of microorganisms and therefore be stopped from spoiling earlier July 1, 1818 - August 13, 1865 December 27, 1822 – September 28, 1895 February 12, 1809 - April 19, 1882 Determined that all life evolved from common ancestors Coined the term 'natural selection' to go hand in hand with this idea Certain traits that are favorable to a species are kept and those that are useless die out Completed a design of an
engine, in which fuel can be
ignited without a spark,
almost killing himself in the process Darwin Charles Ignaz Semmelweis Pasteur Louis Hendrik Lorenz July 18, 1853 - February 4, 1928 Dutch physicist who derived equations in 1895 that were later used by Albert Einstein to explain relativity in space and time He went on to win the 1902 Nobel Prize in Physics Lorenz Hendrik William Robert Grove invents the first hydrogen fuel cell Charles Goodyear invents rubber vulcanization Jacob Perkins prototypes what would become a refrigerator using liquid compression 1840s . Dr. William Morton uses anesthesia for tooth removal Ignaz Semmelweis invents antiseptics 1850s . Jean Bernard Léon Foucault invents the gyroscope Henri Giffard builds the first airplane engine but does not succeed Louis Pasteur invents pasteurization 1860s . 1870s . 1880s . 1890s . Alexander Parkes synthesizes the first man made plastic Alfred Nobel creates dynamite George Westinghouse creates air brakes Alexander Graham Bell patents the telephone Eadweard Muybridge invents the moving picture John Milne invents the modern seismograph Alexander Graham Bell also invents one of the first metal detectors Karl Benz invents the first realistic car powered by a combustion engine Heinrich Hertz invents radar Rudolph Diesel invents the diesel combustion engine Edwin Prescott patents the idea of a roller coaster W.L. Judson invents the zipper Samuel Morse In 1837, he invented the telegraph The following year, he also invented Morse code Rudolf Diesel This "internal combustion engine"
is the less refined version of the
Diesel engine we know today Morse Samuel Diesel Rudolf April 27, 1791 - April 2, 1872 March 18, 1858 – September 29, 1913 Nikola Tesla Contrary to popular belief, Edison
did not invent the light bulb,
he improved existing designs Tesla developed the alternating current (AC) He worked for Edison after immigrating to the US "...science is always making wonderful improvements in things" //Algernon Moncrieff "It usen't to be, I know - but I daresay it now..." Auguste & Louis Lumière They were the first to present a projected motion picture to an audience of more than one person. In 1895, they invented a portable motion-picture camera, film processing unit, and projector called the Cinematographe. Redesigned Edison's inefficient motor and generators He made electric lighting
practical in 1879 Thomas Edison Nikola Tesla In the late 19th Century he experimented
with x-rays and radio waves Auguste Louis Lumière Lumière Demonstrated wireless energy
transmission in 1891 with the Tesla Coil Launched a propaganda campaign to convince people that AC was far too dangerous to use. February 11, 1847 – October 18, 1931 July 10, 1856 – January 7, 1943 Thanks! Sources http://inventors.about.com/od/timelines/a/Nineteenth_2.htm http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Charles_Darwin Part of a daily balanced breakfast! http://theoatmeal.com/comics/tesla http://www.erasofelegance.com/history/victorianscience.html Their first motion picture "Workers Leaving the Lumière Factory" was shown along nine other short films Pasteurization process A Telegraph A Victorian Cinematograph