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The Holocaust

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by

Selah Werner

on 22 April 2014

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Transcript of The Holocaust

The Holocaust

Table of Contents

WARNING ..................................................................4
Adolf Hitler's Childhood ..............................................5
Hitler During WWI .......................................................6
Hitler Gains More Control ...........................................7
Hitler's Hate for the Jews ............................................8
Swastika ......................................................................9
Places Hitler Invaded/Occupied ................................10
The Ghettos ...............................................................11
Transportation ............................................................12
Remembering the Transport ......................................13
Concentration Camps ................................................14
Living Conditions ........................................................15
Gas Chambers ...........................................................16
Crematorium ...............................................................17
Ash Pools ...................................................................18
Hitler's Death ..............................................................19
The Holocaust Memorial Museum ..............................20
Books Based on the Holocaust ...................................21
Sources .......................................................................21
Adolf Hitler's Childhood
Adolf Hitler, fourth of six kids, was born on April 20, 1889 in Austria-Hungary, to Alois and Klara Hitler.
The family moved to different places as Hitler grew, such as Passau, Germany, and also Hafeld, where father-son conflicts rose.
The death of his younger brother, Edmund, affected Hitler deeply.
Hitler developed German nationalist ideas from a young age.
Adolf Hitler as a baby
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Bundesarchiv_Bild_183-1989-0322-506,_Adolf_Hitler,_Kinderbild_retouched
By: Selah Werner
Hitler During WWI
After WWI started, Hitler volunteered to serve in the Bavarian Army where he spent almost half of the time behind the front lines.
Hitler was present at many battles during WWI and was wounded at the Battle of the Sommee.
He was given awards based on his bravery, and received the Black Wound Badge in 1918.
After Hitler discharged from the Army in 1920, he began working full-time for the NSDAP. He also began speaking to large crowds, like the crowd of over 6,000 in Munich. He was very good at speaking and convincing people to think a certain way.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Hitler_1914_1918.jpg
Hitler Gains More Control
By: Selah Werner
Hitler ran for President and although he lost, his running showed the people he was a strong political leader.
By 1934, Hitler had gained the title Leader and Chancellor of the Reich, which gave him control over the Police throughout Germany, and he became Germany's Head of State.
/en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Adolf_Hitler-1933.jpg
By: Selah and Ashley
Hitler blamed the Jews for many things that they, in reality, had nothing to do with, like losing World War I.
He also felt as if the Jewish race was not as good as his race.
Also, Hitler didn't necessarily "invent" hatred to the Jews. He grew up where hatred toward the Jews was widespread.
Hitler's Hate for the Jews
By: Selah Werner
By: Selah Werner
By: Selah Werner
Swastika
The Swastika is a symbol that represents the Nazi Party.
It's a symbol of the Aryan race.
Now the Swastika is outlawed in Germany.
Hitler's Death
Hitler died on April 30, 1945 at about 3:30 p.m. with his wife. He died 10 days after his 56th birthday.
Hitler was found with his wife, Eva Braun. Apparently Braun had eaten cyanide and Hitler had shot himself.
He was married to his wife for less than 40 hours before they committed suicide.
Books Based on the Holocaust
Number the Stars
is a historical fiction book about two girls who have a life changing experience when the Nazi soldiers start to take control and “relocate” the Jews.

Sources
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Death_of_Adolf_Hitler
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Adolf_Hitler
Mrs. McGuire's 6th grade reading class
Mr. B's Study Guide
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Boy_in_the_Striped_Pyjamas
http://www.annefrank.org/en/Education/Teachers-portal/Pupilsquestions/Why-did-Hitler-hate-Jews/
http://www.theholocaustexplained.org/ks3/life-in-nazi-occupied-europe/jews-in-occupied-countries/which-countries-did-the-nazi-occupy/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Swastika
http://www.ushmm.org/outreach/en/article.php?ModuleId=10007708
http://www.ushmm.org/wlc/en/article.php?ModuleId=10005144
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nazi_concentration_camps
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gas_chamber
http://wiki.answers.com/Q/What_were_the_crematoriums_of_the_Holocaust#slide=8&article=What_were_the_crematoriums_of_the_Holocaust
http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/data.show.php?di=record&da=photos&ke=94
https://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100406223607AA7M0Ys
http://dc.about.com/od/museums/p/HolocaustMuseum.htm
http://www.theholocaustexplained.org/ks3/the-camps/daily-life/journeys/#.U1Wox9yENBU
http://vnnforum.com/showthread.php?t=139998&page=18
By: Selah Werner
By: Selah Werner
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Stars_%26_Stripes_%26_Hitler_Dead2.jpg
By: Ashley Briggs
100scopenotes.com/2012/08/27/covering-the-newbery-69-number-the-stars/

The Boy in the Striped Pajamas
is about two 8 year old boys—one was the son of a Nazi commandant and the other was a Jewish inmate at a concentration camp.
http://www.everyday-reading.com/2009_02_01_archive.html

By: Ashley Briggs
historyonthenet.com/Nazi_Germany/nazi_party
WARNING!!!!!!
SOME CONTENT MAY BE SCARY FOR CHILDREN UNDER THE AGE OF 11!
THE HOLOCAUST WAS A REAL EVENT!
(NO JOKE!!!!!)
The Ghettos
Overcrowding was a common thing in the ghettos.
People were always hungry.
They were a lot of families in the apartment.
Contagious diseases spread very fast, because they were in small places.
Germans tried to starve people by allowing them a small portion of bread and potatoes.
yadvashem.org/yv/en/exhibitions/communities/munkacs/ghetto.asp
Concentration Camps
Some of the most infamous concentration camps were Auschwitz-Birkenau, and Dachau, Buchenwald, and Sachsenhausen.
Jews, gays, black people, Gypsies, and people who didn't believe in Hitler were sent to concentration camps.
Many people died in the concentration camps, because of disease, starvation, overworking, maltreatment, or were executed as unfit for work.
They almost never got any food, only enough for them to be able to work.
wp.lehman.edu/lehman-today/2012/04/lehman-professor-leads-holocaust-educators-on-visit-to-historical-sites-in-poland-and-israel/
Gas Chambers
Gas chambers were very dangerous.
They were used against the Jews to kill them.
People get randomly picked to get put in them.
When they get picked they are told that they will finally get a hot "shower".
When they are in the "showers" the gas comes into the room.
After they died in the "showers" the Nazi people waited for the room to air out and when it aired out they went into the room and searched for gold teeth and shaved their heads.
furtherglory.wordpress.com/2010/08/30/how-many-of-the-nazi-gas-chambers-are-still-in-existence/
By: Ashley B.
Ash Pools
By: Ashley B.
Crematorium
A crematorium is a special building that contains gas ovens.
The ovens were usually coal-fired but sometimes they were fired by wood.
The Germans would put live people in the crematorium and also people that died in the gas chambers.
By: Ashley B.
The ash pools were used to dispose of the human ashes.
http://voiceseducation.org/content/crematoria
By: Ashley Briggs
By: Ashley B.
http://www.holocaustsurvivors.org/data.show.php?di=record&da=photos&ke=94
By: Ashley B.
By: Ashley B.
Places Hitler Invaded/Occupied
Poland, 1939
Denmark, Norway, Luxembourg, Belgium, Holland, British Channel Islands, and France, 1940
Yugoslavia, the Soviet Union, and Greece, 1941
Vichy France and Italy, 1943
http://homepage.ntlworld.com/northernforties/Schools%20folder/11.5%20-%20The%20Blitz.htm
By: Selah Werner
The Holocaust Memorial Museum
The Holocaust Memorial Museum in Washington, D.C. is a memorial for all who died in the Nazi concentration camps.
The permanent exhibit includes over 900 artifacts, 70 video monitors, and four theaters showing film footage and eyewitnesses of Nazi concentration camp survivors. It also presents a narrative history of the Holocaust, the death of 6 million European Jews by the Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945.
Also, Daniel's story is a story of the Holocaust through a boy's eyes for children under the age of 8.
By: Ashley B.
Living Conditions
Old and wooden barracks that the Jews and other prisoners slept on usually were swarmed with various types of rats and vermin.
There was a constant shortage of water for washing and a lack of suitable sanitary facilities.
At Auschwitz, as well as some other concentration camps, prisoners were ordered to do over 10 hours of work and the rest of the time was spent lining up for food, roll-call assemblies, and disinfecting, in the washroom, or removing dirt and pests from clothing.
On March 31,1942, a WVHA decree said that all concentration camps had a minimum work day of eleven hours.
http://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/jsource/Holocaust/auconditions.html
Transportation

By: Selah Werner
Jewish prisoners were treated like cattle. They were packed tightly on cattle trucks and locked in for days while they traveled across Europe to camps.
They often had no information. They didn't know where they were going, how long it would take to get to the destination, or what would happen to them.
The conditions of the cattle truck journey were horrible. Child survivor Agnes, an 11 year old from Czechoslovakia, wrote later about her experience: "Later we were moved and driven into railway wagons – the sort that transport animals – which were part of a long train. Some of the wagons were open-topped, some closed.”
Remembering the Transport
By: Selah Werner
http://vnnforum.com/showthread.php?t=139998&page=18
http://www.theholocaustexplained.org/ks3/the-camps/daily-life/journeys/#.U1Wox9yENBU
endzog.wordpress.com/2012/12/31/happy-birthday-adolf-hitler-2013/
By being the Head of State, Hitler was Supreme Commander of the Army.
After President Hindenburg died in August of 1934, Hitler became the Head of Government.
http://uncyclopedia.wikia.com/wiki/William_Patrick_Hitler
http://www.theguardian.com/world/2010/jan/27/holocaust-memorial-day-memories
http://xroads.virginia.edu/~cap/holo/holo.html
Full transcript