Loading presentation...
Prezi is an interactive zooming presentation

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

Stereotypes, Prejudice and Cultural Conflicts

No description
by

Pierre Schmidtgall

on 25 February 2015

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Stereotypes, Prejudice and Cultural Conflicts

Stereotypes
Positive
Media
"The public image of being male or female that a person presents to others"
-Dictionary.com
Males
Engineering
Mathematics
Computer Science
Females
Nurses
Primary School Teachers
Secretaries
women still only make
77 cents

for every

$1
a man makes

Women are the primary providers in
40%

of american households with children under 18

23%

of senior managers are women
13%
Females are generally
younger

than Males in films
Women
~27% being in their
20s
and 28% in their
30s

Men
~27% in there
30’s
and 31% in their

40s.

Ancient Greece

Manly Things:
Crying
High heels
Knitting
Sewing
Cheerleading
Long Hair

Pink
and
Blue
Not established until the early 20th century

Original
blue
was for
girls
and
pink
was for
boys

Thank you!
CitATIONS!
"Changes in People's Thoughtsabout Gender Stereotypes." Gender Stereotypes. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2014. <http://genderstereotype.nomaki.jp/>.
"SelectedWorks of Julie C Suk." "Are Gender Stereotypes Bad for Women? Rethinking Antidiscrimination L" by Julie C. Suk. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2014. <http://works.bepress.com/julie_suk/2/>.
"Childhood Gender Roles In Adult Life." YouTube. YouTube, n.d. Web. 26 May 2014. <
"WorkâFamily Imagery and Gender Stereotypes: Television and the Reproduction of Difference." WorkâFamily Imagery and Gender Stereotypes: Television and the Reproduction of Difference. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2014. <http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0001879196915754>.
"True or Not, Gender Stereotypes Hurt Us All." Health. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2014. <http://seattletimes.com/html/health/2003391767_carnalknowledge12.html>.
"Salem Press." Salem Press. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2014. <http://salempress.com/store/samples/psychology/psychology_gender.htm>.
"Forcing Girls to Wear Pink Could Harm Their Future, Warns Education Spokeswoman." The Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group, 30 Apr. 2014. Web. 26 May 2014. <http://www.telegraph.co.uk/education/educationnews/10799817/Forcing-girls-to-wear-pink-could-harm-their-future-warns-education-spokeswoman.html>.
Donald, Athene. "Reinforcing Gender Stereotypes: How Our Schools Narrow Children's Choices." Theguardian.com. Guardian News and Media, 09 Dec. 2013. Web. 26 May 2014. <http://www.theguardian.com/science/occams-corner/2013/dec/09/gender-stereotypes-schools-children-choices>.
"What the Research Says: Gender-Typed Toys | National Association for the Education of Young Children | NAEYC." What the Research Says: Gender-Typed Toys | National Association for the Education of Young Children | NAEYC. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 May 2014. <http://www.naeyc.org/content/what-research-says-gender-typed-toys>.
Waterlow, Lucy. "Too Much in the Pink! How Toys Have Become Alarmingly Gender Stereotyped since the Seventies... at the Cost of Little Girls' Self-esteem." Mail Online. Associated Newspapers, 11 June 2013. Web. 26 May 2014. <http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-2338976/Too-pink-How-toys-alarmingly-gender-stereotyped-Seventies--cost-little-girls-self-esteem.html>.
"Contents." Contents. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 May 2014. <http://malegender.blogspot.com/>.
Pallotta, Frank. "Female Protagonists Made Up A Tiny Percentage Of 2013's Top Movies." Business Insider. Business Insider, Inc, 11 Mar. 2014. Web. 26 May 2014. <http://www.businessinsider.com/female-protagonists-lacking-in-2013s-top-films-2014-3>.
Pictures from creative commons
Negative
Race
Gender
Age
Weight
Disability
sexuality
Prejudices

“men can’t cook”
or
“women can’t drive”

Cultural Conflicts
Implicit biases
Racism
discrimination
nationalism
ethnocentrism
political
territorial
Social
economic
racial
ethnic
historical
Ingroup/outgroup bias
Conflict management styles
First adopted in 1798 to describe a printing plate that duplicated any typography.

Today the term stereotype is commonly used to refer to negative or positive judgements made about individuals based on any observable or believed group membership.
Stereotypes are used by all groups.

Stereotypes are pervasive and hard to remove.
Prejudices refer to the irrational dislike, suspicion, or hatred of a particular group, race, religion, or sexual orientation (Rothenberg, 1992)
Ex: Basketball game.
How you get from peaceful, sport-loving people to advocating violence against someone wearing a wrong T-shirt.
Discussion about the role of media (the internet, TV, ...) as vehicles of stereotypes and prejudices.
What type of stereotype/prejudice is displayed on the ad/video clip ?
Take an objective look on the issue you might see. How do you feel about it ?
Comment: "Television is supposed to be a mirror of the society"

Subtle prejudice activity - comfort in social situations
Create awareness of how subtle beliefs and behaviors can affect social interactions in everyday life.
Research on modern prejudice shows that all people are prejudiced to some degree, even if they are not aware of it. (Dovidio and Gaertner, 2004)
Conflict
defined as an
"interaction of interdependent people who perceive opposition of goals, aims and values, and who see the other party as potentially interfering with the realization of these goals" Putnam and Poole's (1987)
Three elements
of conflicts (...)
Incompatible goals
Interdependence of the parties involved
Communication


"As culture acts as a guide and predictor of communication behavior, conflict in intercultural settings must be viewed in terms of culture and communication" Liu and Chen (1999)
The sources of intercultural conflict are myriad.

Conflict is pervasive in all societies.

Intercultural conflict involves perceptions filtered through our cultural lenses.

"The cultural relationship between past, present, and future is crucial in understanding intercultural conflict" Martin Nakayama (2000)
Ingroup and outgroup bias has been one of he major sources of intercultural conflict in all societies throughout history.
Conflicts
Are inevitable
Happen everywhere
Happen at many different levels (interpersonal, social, national, and international)
Also can be generational
Also exist in extreme forms (religious conflicts can end in enormous tragedies)
≠ just a matter of disagreement
Three significant approaches to understand
conflict

1.
social science approach

2.
interpretive approach

3.
critical approach
Fact: Intercultural conflict is a conflict between two or more cultural groups.
Different types of conflict

Affective conflict

Conflict of interest

Value conflict

Cognitive conflict

Goal conflict

Suggestions for dealing with conflict

1.
Stay centered and do not polarize.
2.
Maintain contact.
3.
Recognize the existence of different styles.
4.
Identify your preferred style.
5.
Be creative and expand your style repertoire.
6.
Recognize the importance of conflict context.
7.
Be willing to forgive.
How do stereotypes arise?
Us versus Them, Scollon and Scollon (2012)

1.
Contrast two cultures or two groups on the basis of some single dimension

2.
Then focus on this artificial and ideological difference as a problem for communication

3.
After that, assign a positive value to one strategy or one group and a negative value to the other strategy or group

4.
Generalize this process to the entire group; Characteristics are assumed to be genetic or racial characteristics

Result: overall negative impression of particular individuals or particular groups
Affiliated notions
Note: Profiling example.

Based on the pictures below, answer the questions.
Who would you hire in your start-up company ?
Who would you introduce to your parents during the Sunday family lunch ?
Discussion

1.
Per group of four, share a personal cultural conflict and give details on how you solved it.

2.
In the field of Conflict Management, Black and Mouton came up with 5 different management styles. According to your own experience and the tab below, how would you describe your conflict resolution style ? Do you think it has something to do with your nationality ?

3.
Do you consider conflicts as destructive or as an opportunity ? Why ?

The five Conflict Resolution styles referred to in the model are characterized as follows

Competing -
I win, You lose
Accommodating -
I lose, You win
Avoiding -
I lose, You lose
Compromising -
I win some, You win some
Collaborating -
I win, You win



(Black and Mouton)

Martin Nakayama, Ch. 8
Martin Nakayama
Martin Nakayama, Ch. 11
Full transcript