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Introduction to World War II
Transcript of Introduction to World War II
Re-militarization of the Rhineland
March 7, 1936, Hitler ordered his troops(220,000 to march into Rhineland (breaking the terms of Treaty of Versailles).
Hitler ordered that if Britain or France rejected, troops were to retreat (did not occur).
Britain supported Germany's behavior believing it was reasonable(own "backyard")
France had their own internal political problems to deal with.
2 million German Speakers in Sudetenland
Hitler wanted self-government for Sudetenland Germans
Chamberlain flew to Germany and agreed
Hitler demanded Sudetenland be given to Germany
This outraged Czechs
Mussolini called a conference at Munich
Czechs weren't invited
Britain, France, Germany, & Italy agreed to give Sudetenland to Germany
Peace of Paper- Chamberlain and Hitler signed a separate treaty at Munich that promised Britain and Germany would never be at war with each other again.
The Munich Agreement, Hitler promised he would not invade the remainder of Czechoslovakia after aquiring the Sudetenland region.
German invasion of Poland
Germany invades Poland
September 1st, Britain and France allow 48 hours to withdraw
September 3rd, Britain and France declare war on Germany
Anschluss with Austria
Hitler allied with Mussolini(angered by League of Nations sanction on Italy after the invasion of Abyssinia)
Chancellor Schuschnigg called for a plebiscite, hoping Austrians would say no so Hitler can not invade
Forced Schuschnigg to resign and replaced him with a Nazi supporter.
Hitler's troop arrived in Austria 4 days before plebiscite and supervised voting.
Results-99.75% voted in favor of Austria joining with Germany
France and Britain did not help Austria
Hitler promised to solve Austria's economic problem, Many Germans lived in Austria and were both German speaking nations
German invasion of Czechoslovakia
Czechoslovakia had no German minority and was an independent state
Finally Great Britain and France realize Hitler was not going to stop and would defend Poland if attacked
Stalin decides to re-build his army believing Hitler would attack soon.
Failure of Appeasement
Appeasement only encouraged Hitler
Hitler could not be trusted
Hitler planned the war step by step
Appeasement allowed Germany to build weapons and aircraft
Appeasement made Britain and France look weak
Hitler believed no country would challenge him
Increased the divide between Russia and the West
Giving land to Germany meant more territory can be conquered when war began
Re-armament of Germany
Breaks the Treaty of Verailles by re-arming Germany
Hitler introduced CONSCRIPTION (increased spending on arms and increase German Army to 500,000 men)
Germany signed Anglo-German naval agreement (German navy limited to 35% of British)
Hitler announced the creation of the German Luftwaffe ( aerial warfare branch )
Britain believed the Treaty of Versailles was unfair and a strong army can protect against communism
French were angry but powerless
Hitler's rise to power
1933 Hitler became Chancellor
German nation had a right to more land-living space
Weakness of the League of Nations
Main Powers ( America, Britain, France), not all countries joined the league
League had no power-weak and lacked power to stop aggression
League had no army- soldiers were to be supplied by member countries
Unable to act quickly(met 4 times a year and decisions were to be agreed by all nations)
Failed to keep peace
Failed to achieve disarmament of Germany
Defended Versailles settlement
Treaty of Versailles
1919, Leaders of Britain(Lloyd George), France(Clemenceau, and USA(Woodrow Wilson) met to decide the fate of Germany
June, Germany was forced to sign the treaty that they hated due to the hard terms
War Guilt Clause-accepting blame for starting WWI
Reparations to allies 6.6 billion
Disarmament-small army, 6 naval ships, no tanks, no submarines, no airforce. Demilitarize Rhineland.
Territorial Clauses- land taken from Germany was given to other countries. Union with Austria forbidden.
The punishments set the foundation for WWII
World War II began in September 1939 when France and Britain declared war on Germany when they invaded Poland.
However, there were several causes of the war...
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