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Copy of Burns

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Stacy Pelesz

on 26 October 2015

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Transcript of Copy of Burns

First Degree Burns (Superficial)
A burn that only affects the top layer of the skin.

Second Degree Burns (Partial-Thickness)
Red skin
Formation of blisters (may discharge fluid)
Wet, blotchy skin
Third Degree Burns
Darker, charred skin
A white appearance of the underlying tissue
Extremely painful (unless nerve ends are destroyed)
A burn is an injury typically caused by heat, electricity or chemicals.
The burns' seriousness depend on many factors:
Seriousness of burns are classified in degrees
Signs and symptoms:
Red, dry skin
Prevention methods:
Don't let children near hot material.
Turn down the thermostat in dishwasher and other households.
Test bathwater before usage.
Apply sunscreen.

What to do:
Remove from source of burn.
Cool the burned area using running water for
at least
15 minutes.
Use sterile bandages to loosely cover the burn.
DO NOT apply vasoline (traps heat - can cause blistering)
A burn that extends entire outer layer through inner layers of the skin.
Signs and symptoms:
Prevention methods:
Practicing cautions around hot sources

Take precautions when cooking

Keep children away from the reach of any source of flame

What to do (<20%)
Immerse in cold water/cloth for at least 15 minutes or until no further pain
Remove from source of burn.
DO NOT break a blister.
DO NOT apply vasoline (traps heat - can cause blistering)
Cover the burn loosely with sterile bandages.
Can apply a thin layer of bacitracin ointment.
DO NOT apply cold - can cause hypothermia

Everything else is the same as >20%
What To Do (>20%)
Be ready to treat the victim for shock!
Signs and symptoms:
A third degree burn affects all layers of the skin and even the underlying tissue (such as muscles, bones and nerves.)
Prevention methods:
Install fire extinguishers
Install proper children safety equipment around the house

Don't allow kids into the kitchen while cooking
Store matches and other sources of flame away from children's reach
What to do:
Call more advanced health care (9-1-1)
Remove from source of burn
Treatment victim from shock
Check for breathing (give rescue breathing as needed)
Use sterile bandages or clean cloth to loosely cover the burned area
remove clothing from burned area (cut the clothing around the burn)
break any blisters
remove any skin tissue
apply anything cold to burned area
Electrical Burns
Chemical Burns
A burn that occurs when electricity travels through the body and may be caused by lightning, a power line or damaged electrical equipment.
The seriousness of this type of burns depend on different factors:
the strength of the electrical current
the path that the current has taken through the body
*As the electrical current enters & leaves the body it may become wounded.
Visible burns on skin
Pain (skin and muscles)
Numbness and tingling
Weakness, disoriented feeling
Bone fractures, muscle contractions
Irregular heartbeat
Signs and symptoms:
Prevention methods:
Avoid being outdoors in lightning storms

Turn off circuit breakers when making any repairs

Do not use any electrical gadgets next to water

Do not touch any electrical gadgets while touching water pipes or faucets

Avoid touching any electrical gadgets or being close to electricity while wet or showering
What to do
Immediately seek medical attention
Turn off source of electricity before touching victim
Treat the victim from shock
Don't move the victim
Use DRY sterile bandages to loosely cover the burned area
Don't use cold water or any other material because the victim may be in shock.
A burn that occurs when chemicals get on the skin or in the eyes.
*The chemicals continue to burn the skin as long as they are in contact
Signs and symptoms:
Blackened skin
Burning of the affected are (chemicals in eyes) loss of changes in vision
Prevention methods:
Use rubber gloves when cleaning
Open windows when using chemicals in house
Be very careful when using chemicals in labs (wear safety gowns/make sure emergency showers and eyewash stations are available)
Dispose of all chemicals safely/properly
Keep chemicals away from children's reach
What to do:
Remove victim from source of burn
Seek medical help
Flush skin/eye slowly with low pressured, cool, running water
Use dry sterile bandages to loosely cover the area
If it is a dry chemical, brush off chemical before flushing with water (water could activate the dry chemical)
Remove contaminated clothing

• O'Brien, Maria. "How to Prevent Third Degree Burns | EHow." EHow. Demand Media, 17 June 2008. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. <http://www.ehow.com/how_2338006_prevent-third-degree-burns.html>.
• N.p., 2006. Web. 6 Feb. 2014. <http://raisingchildren.net.au/articles/fire_and_burns.html>.
• "Household Safety: Preventing Burns, Shocks, and Fires." KidsHealth - the Web's Most Visited Site about Children's Health. Ed. Mary Mondozzi. The Nemours Foundation, 01 Jan. 2012. Web. 06 Feb. 2014. <http://kidshealth.org/parent/firstaid_safe/home/safety_burns.html>.
• "Burns-Prevention." WebMD. WebMD, 10 Jan. 0000. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/first-aid/tc/burns-prevention>.
• "Patient Care." The Mount Sinai Hospital. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2014. <http://www.mountsinai.org/patient-care/health-library/diseases-and-conditions/electrical-burns>.
• "Chemical Burns." Healthlines RSS News. N.p., n.d. Web. 08 Feb. 2014. <http://www.healthline.com/health/chemical-burn-or-reaction#Treatment>.
McGrawHill "Modern Health" By Daniel, Eileen.
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Scald Burns
Result from contact with hot liquids
Immersion burn
- tends to be deep and thick.
Example: cigarette burns

Spill burn
- irregular in shape & scattered among body. Not as deep as immersion.
Example: hot water

Skin’s response to the trauma of UV radiation (UVR)
Results mainly from exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) radiation
Most common burn
Due to the amount of melanin in skin
Usually 1st or 2nd degree burns

What to do:
Cool compression for up to 45 minutes

Cool showers or soaking in tub

Ibuprofen to relieve pain and inflammation

What Not To Do
DO NOT use water at a high pressure - it will drive the chemical deeper into the skin

DO NOT try to neutralize a chemical even if you know which chemical is involved.
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