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Informative and Explanatory Writing
Transcript of Informative and Explanatory Writing
In groups, discuss each statement
Organize the statements into a logical order
Develop the Topic
What do consumers expect when they buy these products?
Revising and Editing
When researching & selecting facts and information always
keep your audience in mind
Informative and Explanatory Writing
Explain new information
Increase reader's understanding of a concept
Explain how to solve a problem
Teach how to apply knowledge
Answer how or why questions
Explain a process or procedure
Know Your Audience
Write for a specific audience
Consider the interest and knowledge levels of the audience
Adapt the focus, organization of information, and point of view
Determine which content (facts, definitions, concrete details, quotes, information, examples) would be most relevant to the audience
Convey ideas in a way that is meaningful for the reader
What are ways you give & receive new information?
What are examples of informational text?
informs an audience about a topic
presents research on a topic
analyzes cause-effect relationship
defines a complex term or concept
answers a question of inquiry
Introduce a Topic
Response to Informational Text
Writing in Action
Effective Use of
Styles of writing:
Elements of a Conclusion
Why is it important to organize information?
In what ways can information be organized?
A. Summarize the Main Idea
restate the theme
use keywords to refer to the main idea
refer back to the introduction
B. Answer the question, "So what?"
review the purpose of the essay
state the relevance for the reader
help the reader believe the information is important and meaningful
Types of Responses to Informational Text
Choose a procedure, activity, or skill that you are good at
Write the steps/directions to perform your chosen skill
Refer to "
How to Write Informational Text
Identify ways the text presents new information
Introduces topic clearly
Presents information in a logical order
Captures reader's attention
Uses primary & secondary sources
What are examples of different types of audiences?
Underline/discuss examples that demonstrate the author's knowledge of his audience
Write instructions to make your favorite food
Think of someone you know
Consider what that person likes (food, activity, sport, book, movie, etc)
Write an informational text about that item
Write 5 questions you would like to ask Walt Disney
Share questions with the class
How would the answers to the questions help you to introduce Walt Disney to another person?
Write questions about a historical person of interest
Research the historical person
Introduce the historical person to a partner
In groups, read "
Writing an Introduction
Discuss and underline key terms and suggestions
Use the guidelines and research notes to write an introduction paragraph about your historical person
Write an Outline
Create an outline (just topics and subtopics) for your historical person
What aspect of the topic will you focus on?
Which subtopics will you include?
In what order will you place your subtopics?
How could you incorporate graphics, quotes, or other information?
How does your topic relate to our society, culture, your life, or your experiences?
Sequential or logical order
Compare and contrast
Define key concepts
Describe particular aspects of a topic
Group information by category
Group information by reasons
Cause and effect
Problem and solution
Explain a procedure or process
Include a chart or graph
A brand is:
a promise that a product will have certain features or performance
An introduction is:
promise that you will discuss certain aspects of a topic
To Develop a brand, advertisers include:
To develop your topic or brand, include:
Use your historical person introduction and skeletal outline
Complete the outline to develop your topic
How to Develop Your Topic
" cloze handout
first or third person voice
may use personal pronouns
short, simple sentences
spell words out
third person voice
use neutral pronouns
variety of sentences
formal style in writing:
Use strong nouns
Use a dictionary/thesaurus to find the right word
Do not over use pronouns
Use underline and quotations correctly
Use transition words to connect ideas
" and "
The People of Athens
Complete the chart
Using your historical person outline, write a paragraph using formal style
Rewrite the paragraph using informal style
How would you describe conclusions you have read in informational text?
What makes an effective conclusion?
What are some ways to conclude an informational piece?
Discuss and underline key information in "
Tips for Effective Conclusions
Poison Dart Frogs
Write an appropriate conclusion for the text
Write a conclusion for essay about your historical person
Improve writing by:
Improve writing by checking:
*Editing is done after revising
your historical person essay in
your essay in
letter to the author
compare/contrast with another text on same topic
ask or answer a question
respond to what happened
agree or disagree with the text
Answer response questions
Write a response paragraph about the passage
Discuss the "
Writing a Report
In small groups, choose a topic to research
Research, write, and present your informational reports
Don't forget to include graphics,
Conduct a scientific experiment
Record experiment data on "
Scientific Inquiry Card
Use the data from your scientific inquiry to write an explanatory report detailing the experiment, results, and conclusion
Write an essay focusing on a cause-effect relationship
effects of peer pressure
effects of healthy eating/exercise
Improving your writing by making changes to the
writing process (revising)
writing conventions (editing)