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Informative and Explanatory Writing

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by

wendi cole

on 26 July 2014

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Transcript of Informative and Explanatory Writing

Use Strategies to
Organize Information
In groups, discuss each statement
Organize the statements into a logical order
Develop the Topic
What do consumers expect when they buy these products?
Revising and Editing
What is
Explanatory Writing?
Purpose
Features
Examples
Analyze
Relevant Content
When researching & selecting facts and information always
keep your audience in mind
What is
Informative
Writing?
Informative and Explanatory Writing
Explain new information
Increase reader's understanding of a concept
Explain how to solve a problem
Teach how to apply knowledge
Answer how or why questions
Explain a process or procedure

Know Your Audience
Write for a specific audience
Consider the interest and knowledge levels of the audience
Adapt the focus, organization of information, and point of view
Determine which content (facts, definitions, concrete details, quotes, information, examples) would be most relevant to the audience
Convey ideas in a way that is meaningful for the reader
What are ways you give & receive new information?

What are examples of informational text?
Informational Text:

informs an audience about a topic
presents research on a topic
analyzes cause-effect relationship
defines a complex term or concept
answers a question of inquiry
Introduce a Topic
Writing an
Introduction
Response to Informational Text
Informational Report
Explanatory Report
Procedure
Cause-Effect
Writing in Action
Informational
Explanatory
Effective Use of
Language
Styles of writing:
Concluding Statements
Elements of a Conclusion
Revising
Why is it important to organize information?


In what ways can information be organized?
A. Summarize the Main Idea
restate the theme
use keywords to refer to the main idea
refer back to the introduction

B. Answer the question, "So what?"
review the purpose of the essay
state the relevance for the reader
help the reader believe the information is important and meaningful

Types of Responses to Informational Text
Choose a procedure, activity, or skill that you are good at
Write the steps/directions to perform your chosen skill


Read "
Grebes
"
Refer to "
How to Write Informational Text
"
Identify ways the text presents new information

Introduces topic clearly
Presents information in a logical order
Captures reader's attention
Includes details
Uses examples
Uses primary & secondary sources
Essays
Reports
Directions
Instructions
Recipes
What are examples of different types of audiences?
Read "
Wasted Energy
"
Underline/discuss examples that demonstrate the author's knowledge of his audience
Extension:
Write instructions to make your favorite food
Extension
Think of someone you know
Consider what that person likes (food, activity, sport, book, movie, etc)
Write an informational text about that item
Write 5 questions you would like to ask Walt Disney
Share questions with the class
How would the answers to the questions help you to introduce Walt Disney to another person?
Write questions about a historical person of interest
Research the historical person
Introduce the historical person to a partner

In groups, read "
Writing an Introduction
"
Discuss and underline key terms and suggestions
Use the guidelines and research notes to write an introduction paragraph about your historical person
Extension
Pass out
"
Write an Outline
"
statements
Extension
Create an outline (just topics and subtopics) for your historical person
Consider:
What aspect of the topic will you focus on?
Which subtopics will you include?
In what order will you place your subtopics?
How could you incorporate graphics, quotes, or other information?
How does your topic relate to our society, culture, your life, or your experiences?

Sequential or logical order
Compare and contrast
Define key concepts
Describe particular aspects of a topic
Group information by category
Group information by reasons
Cause and effect
Problem and solution
Explain a procedure or process
Include a chart or graph
Present facts
A brand is:
a promise that a product will have certain features or performance
An introduction is:
promise that you will discuss certain aspects of a topic
To Develop a brand, advertisers include:
information
quotes
examples
anecdotes
interesting facts
graphics
To develop your topic or brand, include:

information
quotes
examples
anecdotes
interesting facts
graphics
Extension
Use your historical person introduction and skeletal outline
Complete the outline to develop your topic
Complete "
How to Develop Your Topic
" cloze handout
Extension
Informal
contractions
abbreviations
first or third person voice
may use personal pronouns
short, simple sentences
imperative voice
Formal
spell words out
third person voice
avoid cliches
use neutral pronouns
variety of sentences
appropriate vocabulary
polite tone
Maintain
formal style in writing:
Use strong nouns
Use a dictionary/thesaurus to find the right word
Do not over use pronouns
Use underline and quotations correctly
Use transition words to connect ideas
Extension
Read "
Ancient Greece
" and "
The People of Athens
"
Complete the chart
Using your historical person outline, write a paragraph using formal style
Rewrite the paragraph using informal style
How would you describe conclusions you have read in informational text?

What makes an effective conclusion?

What are some ways to conclude an informational piece?
Discuss and underline key information in "
Tips for Effective Conclusions
"
Read "
Poison Dart Frogs
"
Write an appropriate conclusion for the text
Extension
Write a conclusion for essay about your historical person
Improve writing by:
adding
deleting
consolidating
rearranging
text
Editing
Improve writing by checking:
spelling
grammar
punctuation
*Editing is done after revising
Extension
Revise
your historical person essay in
red pen

Edit
your essay in
green pen
letter to the author
compare/contrast with another text on same topic
summary
ask or answer a question
respond to what happened
agree or disagree with the text
Read "
Hovercraft
"
Answer response questions
Write a response paragraph about the passage
Discuss the "
Writing a Report
" handout
In small groups, choose a topic to research
Research, write, and present your informational reports
Don't forget to include graphics,
charts, etc.
Conduct a scientific experiment
Record experiment data on "
Scientific Inquiry Card
"
Use the data from your scientific inquiry to write an explanatory report detailing the experiment, results, and conclusion
Write an essay focusing on a cause-effect relationship

effects of peer pressure
effects of healthy eating/exercise
pollution
drought/water
newspapers
magazines
encyclopedias
brochures
short reports
social letters
business letters
memos
Improving your writing by making changes to the
writing process (revising)
writing conventions (editing)
Full transcript