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Transcript of New Orleans
I. Geographical location and History
2. Ethic groups
3. Festivals and Foods
4. Jazz music
by the French
for 40 years by the Spanish
by the United States in the 1803 Louisiana Purchase
Where is it ?
I. Geographical location and History
- On the banks of the Mississippi River
- About 105 miles (169 km) north of the Gulf of Mexico.
- Area: 901 sq km
- Surrounded by: the Mississippi river, Lake Borgne and Lake Pontchartrain.
Humid subtropical (mild winters and hot, humid summers)
-The first half of the 19th century: became the United States’ wealthiest and third-largest city.
- Its port shipped the produce of much of the nation’s interior to the Caribbean, South America and Europe.
By the 20th century
The city’s streetcars were electrified
New pump technology
New pump technology
New Orleans jazz
was born in its clubs
and dance halls.
On August 29, 2005: Hurricane Katrina
2. Ethnic Groups in New Orleans
Black African American
-The big part of population in New Orleans.
- Come from France or from the Caribbean
-Made fundamental contributions to the culture of New Orleans
3. Festival and Food
-Meaning: "Fat Tuesday"
-Date: Tuesday between February 3 and March 9 (depending on Easter)
- Activities: group of costumed people ride decorated streetcars along the street; music; eat "king cake"
-Special symbols: balls, beads, masks, costumes, and kingcakes
-One parade each day (in 2 weeks)
- Hidden in "king cake" is a plastic baby. The person who finds it must buy the next king cake or host the next party.
-More than 500,000 king cakes are sold each year in New Orleans
-41.000.000 pairs of beads were sold for Mardi Gras in 1991
-The steetcar can cost hundreds of thousands of dollars to construct, it can take months to build and decorate
Oak Street Po-Boy Festival
-Po-Boy is the submarine sandwich
-Date: mid-November along a commercial strip of Oak Street
-History: the first po-boys were created as inexpensive meals handed out to striking New Orleans streetcar workers in 1929. Today the po-boy takes its place as a cultural icon – with its very own festival.
- Merchants along the Oak Street commercial corridor open their doors for browsers and buyers offering from vintage books and jewelry to works of art and unique apparel.
- Coffee shops, live music and large dance floor.
-the best examples of the multicultural melting pot of New Orleans
- The important contribution was okra
- People can add seafood instead of chicken or sausage instead of ham
-Many kind of gumbo: seafood, chicken and andouille sausage
-comes from the French word “to smother.”
- a thicker stew, seasoned to perfection and chock full of delicious, plump crawfish
-types of Creole seasonings, served over rice, and made with
- étouffée is made with a “blonde” roux, giving it a lighter color and a very different flavor.
- The sandwich is served on an entire round loaf of Italian bread and then piled high with Provolone cheese, Genoa salami and Cappicola ham, and then topped with many thing delicious.
- It's perfectly salty and unequivocally mouth-watering.
- its best split between at least two people.
4. Jazz Music
History of Jazz
- Jazz is a type of music of black American origin which emerged at the beginning of the 20th century.
- The way for slaves to communicate
-Arrived in the New Orleans’ seaport, musical traditions from all over the world began coming together. African American
musicians merged European tranditions and other elements to creat “jazz”
3 main sources
“Every time I close my eyes blowing that trumpet of mine, I look right in the heart of good old New Orleans... It has given me something to live for”
New Orleans Jazz National
- Created in 1994 to celebrate the origins and evolution of jazz
-It provides a setting to share the cultural history
of the people and places that helped shape the development and progression of jazz
in New Orleans.
(French, German, Geek)
- French settled in New Orleans during the colonial period
-1765 through 1785, people exiled from Canada came to Louisiana
-The late 18th century, French-speaking immigrants came to Louisiana
- More German immigrants came to New Orleans in the first half of the 19th century.
- Many other Germans entering through the port moved on from New Orleans to more northerly and westerly parts of Louisiana and the US.
Greek immigration to New Orleans continued throughout the 19th century and into the 20th, beginning relatively early due to maritime connections
Hispanic (Spanish and Spanish-Speaking)
- Since 1959, most Spanish-speaking immigrants to metropolitan New Orleans have come from Latin America, particularly Cuba and Central America
-This group consists of a higher percentage of Mexican nationals and Chicanos than the previous mix of Hispanic Louisianans incorporated.
A reminder of the time when Spain governed "Luisiana."
The sign is made of Talavera Spanish tile and was installed in 1962
-About 20,000-25,000 people of Vietnamese origin lived in the overall New Orleans metropolitan area
- Many Vietnamese New Orleanians work as fishers, shrimpers, boaters
Small businesses run by Vietnamese New Orleanians
- A very small number of Chinese immigrants lived in southeastern Louisiana prior to the U.S. Civil War
-By the mid-1870s and 1880s, more Chinese immigrants were settling in New Orleans
-Chinese worked as cigar makers and sellers, grocers, restauranteurs, retail entrepreneurs
- The park consists of 4 acres (16,000 m2) The park has an office, a visitors center, and a concert venue
-Share the cultural history of the people and places that helped shape the development and progression of jazz in New Orleans.
-The park preserves information and resources associated with the origins and early development of jazz, through interpretive techniques designed to educate and entertain.
Holy Trinity Greek Orthodox Cathedral
French bakery in Uptown New Orleans, run by first-generation immigrants