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Early Modern European Art Forms

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Bryan Huynh

on 22 May 2014

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Transcript of Early Modern European Art Forms


Masters of the Art
Perhaps the most famous Renaissance Artist was Giotto, who introduced many techniques to depict the human body more realistically and his art was used to decorate many cathedrals such as those in Florence and Naples.
Baroque
This art form incorporates dramatic color and differentiates heavily in light and shadow (like the renaissance). It also uses direct and dramatic images to create intense emotion. Unlike Renaissance art however, Baroque art overlaps figures and elements. Its common themes are grandiose visions, martyrdom/death, and intense light.
Masters of the Art
Frederico Barocci was a very influential Baroque Artist. He fell ill and thought his sickness was terminal, but remained productive for decades more. He pioneered oil and pastel sketches. He used opalescent renderings to evoke ethereal feelings.
Great Works of Baroque
Neoclassical
Neoclassical art is an intense and detached form of art tracing back to the splendor of ancient Greece and Rome. Its vigor was a answer to the lighthearted Rococo style and the emotionally infused Baroque style. The growth of Neoclassical art was part of a bigger resurgence of interest in classical thought. The art generally composed of a linear style (outlined of objects were sharpy defined.
Masters of the Art
Jacques Louis David painted for nobles, revolutionaries, and royalty. He incorporated a style of accurate contours, chiseled forms, and smooth surfaces.
Early Modern European Art Forms
Renaissance (~1350 - 1600's)
Baroque (1600's - 1750)
Rococo (1700 - 1800)
Neoclassical (18th - Early 19th Century)

Renaissance
Great Works of Renaissance
Rococo
Masters of the Art
Great Works of Rococo
Great works of Neoclassical Art
This time period followed the Middle Ages, and its focus was on the "revival" of classical learning. With it came the incorporation of light and shadow, as well as looking back at the Ancient Greek and Rome sources. It also introduced more color and mediums. While most of the art remained primarily Christian, Humanist philosophy helped transform early Renaissance Art. The religious images of subjects such as Jesus and Mary were depicted as more realistic human forms rather than abstract and idealized objects.
Leonardo Da Vinci was also very famous in Renaissance Art. He demonstrated shading to emphasize shadow and light, and is responsible for works such as "The Last Supper" and the "Mona Lisa." He was also a creative inventor.
Michelangelo Buonarroti was the famous sculptor of Renaissance. He drew upon the human body for inspiration and created famous statues. He was also a talented painter, who was responsible for painting the fresco that covers the ceiling in the Sistine Chapel.
The Mona Lisa (Shading), The Last Judgment (Vibrant Color), The Last Supper (Shading and Color), The Sistine Chapel (incorporation of Humanist and Christian features that do not appear conflicting), The Scrovegni Chapel (Religion), and Lamentation (Vibrant Color).
Caravaggio was another important Baroque Artist. He focused on the divine suddenly infiltrating the earthly atmosphere. He also incorporated light and shadow into his pieces.
Rembrandt was a master of Baroque art. He painted religious themes and landscapes. He utilized emotion with dramatic use of light and shadow.
The Ecstasy of St. Teresa (Light and Shadow), The Crucifixion of Saint Peter (Shadow and Natural portrayal of people), The conversion on the Way to Damascus (Divinity/Earthly mixture), Annunciation (Oil painting and color), Nativity (Oil and shadow), Descent from the Cross (Shadow and Light)
Historical Context
Humanism values gradually shifted away from austere religious and into the people of the day. There was greater emphasis on man rather than religion. They also referred back to original sources.
Historical Context
Baroque art emphasizes movement, energy and tension. The dramatic power in the art comes from the reformation movement. The the push to reform the Catholic Church was expressed in the art.

Historical Context
Historical Context
Rococo, also known as Late Baroque, was a more jocular, florid, and graceful form of Baroque. This form is very ornate, and utilizes, creamy, pastel-like colors, asymmetrical designs, curves, and gold. Having more playful and witty artistic themes, Rococo contributed greatly to theatre.
One of the most brilliant and original artists of the eighteenth century, French painter Antoine Watteau revitalized the interest in color and movement through the development of Rococo.
Arguably the greatest painter of eighteenth-century Europe, Giambattista Tiepolo celebrates the imagination by transposing the world of ancient history and myth, the scriptures, and sacred legends into a grandiose, even theatrical language. His art, with its genial departures from convention and its brilliant use of costumed splendor, celebrates the notion of artistic caprice and fantasy.
Embodying the freedom and curiosity of the French Enlightenment, Jean Honoré Fragonard developed an exuberant and fluid manner as a painter. His emblematic work favored the playful, the erotic, and the joys of domesticity.
Pierrot (poetic drama), The Death of Hyacinth (vibrant), The Swing (erotic, naturalistic), Le Dejeuner (lavish), Diana Leaving The Bath (rosy nudes), The Triumph of Galatea
Italian architects of the late Baroque/early Rococo were wooed to Catholic Germany, Bohemia and Austria by local princes and bishops. Inspired by their example, Central European builders went further, creating churches and palaces that took the local German Baroque style to the greatest heights of Rococo elaboration and sensation.
The delicacy and playfulness of Rococo designs is often seen as perfectly in tune with the excesses of Louis XV's reign.
Joseph Marie Vien preferred to be minimalistic in shapes and design, but his goal overall, was for the thematic weight of his pieces to do its part. He was the teacher of Jacques Louis David.
Louis-Jean-François Lagrenée studied under Carlo Vanloo and won the Prix de Rome in 1749. His other honors included being a director of the French Academy in Rome and being awarded the Légion d’honneur . He revived the previous century's penchant for cool colors and polished, refined technique.
Neoclassicism was stimulated by the new archaeological discoveries, most notably the exploration and excavation of the buried Roman cities of Herculaneum and Pompeii. Artists of this from claimed that diving in neoclassicism would hep artists obtain glorified depictions of natural forms that had been stripped of all momentary and selfish aspects, and their images would therefore attain a universal and archetypal meaning.

Oath of the Horatii,A Young Woman in Turkish Costume Seated Playing with a Cage-Bird, The Lictors Bring to Brutus the Bodies of His Sons, The Death of Socrates,Andromache mourns Hector, The Death of Marat
By: Bryan Huynh, Son Doan, Kevin Tjon
Works Cited
"18th-Century France: The Rococo and Watteau." 18th-Century France: The Rococo and
Watteau. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May 2014. <http://www.nga.gov/collection/gallery/gg54/gg54-over1.html>.
"Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History."European Art in the Renaissance. N.p., n.d. Web. 22 May.
2014. <http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hi/te_index.asp?i=16>.
"Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History." Neoclassicism. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2014. <http://
www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/neoc
"Neo-Classicism." - Smarthistory. N.p., n.d. Web. 21 May 2014. <http://
smarthistory.khanacademy.org/neo-classicism.html>.
"The Basics of Art: The Baroque Period."The Art of Manliness RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May
2014. <http://www.artofmanliness.com/2010/10/18/the-basics-of-art-the-baroque-period/>.
The Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. "Renaissance art." Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 20 May 2014. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/497788/Renaissance-art>.
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