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Existential Psychology

hmpf.
by

Marie Tadura

on 23 August 2013

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Transcript of Existential Psychology

Existential Psychology
Overview of Existential Psychology
Kierkgaard, Nietzsche, Heidegger, Sartre & other European philosophers.
What is Existentialism?
Existence takes precedence over essence.
Intentionality
the structure that gives meaning to experience that allows people to make decision about the future.
Psychotherapy
CRITIQUE OF MAY
Existential Psychology
Existential Psychology
Rollo May
opposes the split between subject and object.
people search for some meanings to their lives
each of us is responsible for who we are and what we become.
are basically anti theoretical
BASIC CONCEPTS
Being-in-the-world
Non being
Dasein ~ to exist there.
fig. 12.1 Healthy People Live Simultaneously in UMWELT, EIGENWELT, MITWELT
EIGENWELT
MITWELT
UMWELT
the environment around us.
our relations w/ other people.
our relationship with our self.
ANXIETY
Normal Anxiety
Neurotic Anxiety

GUILT
arises when people deny their potentialities, fail to accurately perceive the needs of fellow humans, or remain oblivious to their dependence on the natural world.
Birth date: Apr 21, 1909
Birth place: Ada, Ohio
Parents: Earl Tittle May & Matie Boughton May
Education: Michigan State University, Oberlin College, Union Theological Seminary
> Anatolia College, City College of New York
> Saranac Sanitarium
BIOGRAPHY ...
Care, Love and Will
is a state in which something does matter
a delight in the presence of other person and an affirming of [that person’s] value and development as much as one’s own
the capacity to organize one’s self so that movement in a certain direction or toward a certain goal may take place
Union of L VE & WILL
FORMS OF L VE
SEX
- is a biological function that can be satisfied through sexual intercourse or some other release of sexual tension.
EROS
- is psychological desire that seek procreation or creation through an enduring union with a love one.
PHILIA
- an intimate nonsexual friendship between two people.
AGAPE
-esteem for the other, the concern for other’s welfare beyond any gain that one can get out of it; disinterested love, typically, the love of God for man
Freedom and Destiny
Freedom- “is the individual’s capacity to know that he is the determined one”

FORMS OF FREEDOM
Existential Freedom- it is the freedom of action —the freedom of doing.
Essential Freedom- freedom of being.

Destiny- “the design of the universe speaking through the design of each one of us”

The Power of Myth

Myth
=) are like the beams in a house: not exposed to outside view, they are the structure which holds the house together so people can live in it.”

PSYCHOPATHOLOGY

May saw psychopathology as lack of communication—the inability to know others and to share oneself with them
.

did not establish a school of Psychotherapy
rejects the idea that is reduces anxiety & ease feeling of guilt.
purpose: to set people free.
must be concerned w/ helping people experience their existence.
RELATED RESEARCH

Existential theory has been moderately influential as a method of Psychotherapy, but has spark almost no direct empirical research.

adopted toward objective & quantitative measurement

Anxiety ---> Existential Anxiety

May & Yalom : terror of obliteration

"Terror Management"

* "human are motivated by fear of death." (Ernest Becker inspired Kierkegaard & Otto Rank)
Mortality Salience & Denial of our Animal Nature
"soul, a spirit, & mind"
"To be cultured" -> to be in complete control of the biological nature of human beings.
being anti-intellectual & anti theoretical
May did not formulate his views in a theoretical structure, and a paucity of hypotheses is suggested by his writings
The theory is too amorphous to suggest specific hypotheses that could either confirm or dis confirm its major concept.
May has more closely followed Gordon Allport's dictum
May gathered his views more from philosophical than from scientific sources.
He offered variety of definition to anxiety, guilt, intetionality, etc. but he failed to provide operational definitions of these terms.
His writings were cumbersome & awkward.
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING
THANK YOU FOR LISTENING
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