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Transcript of The National
(Progressives - World War 1)
What parks did
role in National Parks
What is the
Co-founded Sierra club
He petitioned the U.S. Congress for the National Park bill that was passed in 1890, establishing Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks
One of the best-known hiking trails in the U.S., the 211-mile (340 km) John Muir Trail, was named in his honor
He is today referred to as the "Father of the National Parks"
Muir's three-night camping trip with President Theodore Roosevelt in 1903 could be considered the most significant camping trip in conservation history.
May 25, 1900
Newlands Reclamation Act---
June 17, 1902
June 8, 1906
National Parks Service Act---
August 25, 1916
"There can be no greater issue than that of conservation in this country."
"Conservation means development as much as it does protection. I recognize the right and duty of this generation to develop and use the natural resources of our land; but I do not recognize the right to waste them, or to rob, by wasteful use, the generations that come after us."
formed the United States Forestry Service in 1905
started huge national irrigation projects
by then end of his presidency he placed:
230,000.000 acres of land under public protection
150 national forests
51 federal bird reservations
4 game preserves
5 national parks
18 national monuments
1 dam named in his honor
was a dynamic force in a relatively new movement known as conservationism
changed the attitude of Americans on this issue
has a speech at Osawatomie, Kansas, on August 31, 1910--- spoke of his conservation philosophy
was known as the "Father of Conservation"
What made Teddy want to help with the national parks?
Would read his uncles wildlife book as a boy
Grew up very fond of hunting
Went to the North Dakota in 1883 to grieve the loss of his mother and wife
There he saw and was alarmed by:
the near extinction of bison
the overgrazing of land
the urgent need to protect America's natural resources
Progressive ideas began
Western experiences influenced him
-During his presidency, TR signed into law a total of 18 national monuments, by the help of many laws.
He established 5 National Parks:
-Crater Lake, Oregon;
-Wind Cave, South Dakota;
-Sullys Hill, North Dakota (later designated a game preserve);
-Mesa Verde, Colorado;
-Platt, Oklahoma (now part of the Chickasaw National Recreation Area)
Crater lake, OR
Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt
(1st wife of Teddy Roosevelt)
Martha Bulloch Roosevelt
(mother of Teddy Roosevelt)
Wide Cave, SD
Sully's Hill, ND
Mesa Verde, CO
The Sierra Club was founded in 1892 by John Muir.
Over the years, the Sierra Club has played a major role in protecting Yosemite and making sure that we preserve it for future generations.
The Sierra Club and John Muir in particular were instrumental in designating Yosemite as a National Park.
It is now one of the oldest, largest, and most influential grassroots environmental organizations in the United States.
“Of all the questions which can come before this nation, short of the actual preservation of its existence in a great war, there is none which compares in importance with the great central task of leaving this land even a better land for our descendants than it is for us.”
"In every walk with nature one receives far more than he seeks."
of the National Parks
"The national parks are more than landmarks, monuments, and territories, more than mountains, forests, lakes, and geologic wonders. They represent a piece of the American soul."
In addition to their scientific value as repositories of geological and biological diversity and knowledge, national parks have profound spiritual and cultural significance for the American people.
The glaciers, hills, mountains trees, boulders, prairies, and forests were preserved for there aesthetic beauty.
National parks hold special value and attraction for people of all cultures, both in the United States and around the world.
"Antiquities Act of 1906." TR Center. N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Mar. 2014.
Eldin, Peter, Simon Tomlin, and Jamie Stokes. The Little Book of
American Presidents. Bath: Paragon Pub., 2001. Print.
"National Park." The New International Webster's Encyclopedic
Dictionary of the English Language. 2003. Print.
"Theodore Roosevelt." - Influential People in the Life of John Muir.
N.p., n.d. Web. 02 Mar. 2014. <http://www.sierraclub.org/john_muir_exhibit/people/roosevelt.aspx>.
This whole idea of preserving and conserving regions in the United State for national parks has even made a mark in the English Dictionary. It states that a national parks are set up for the "benefit and enjoyment of the public" and is also maintained by the government "because of its historical interest, great natural beauty, or the value of its forests, wildlife, ect."