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Copy of Salon Safety Policies and Procedures
Transcript of Copy of Salon Safety Policies and Procedures
When working with chemicals always:
Read the label for instructions.
Follow the instructions on the Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS).
Put on protective gloves, safety goggles and aprons while preparing, mixing and applying tint, bleach, perming solution, shampooing and cleaning. Fresh gloves are used for each application and gloves are replaced if water enters down the sleeve.
Use the spatula provided to mix the solution in a proper mixing bowl.
Always work in a clean environment. Make sure the preparation table is free of any obstruction.
Always seal chemical containers when not in use and store them in the respective shelves.
After you have finished using the bottles or tubes of colour, throw them in the product receptacle. Throw rubbish into the rubbish bin.
What if there's a spillage?
Wipe up residues or spillage with disposable paper towels provided immediately.
What if I smeared residues on my hand?
Wash the residues from your skin with soap and water
What do I do with the gloves after I'm done using it?
Wash off the residues left on the gloves while wearing it with warm soapy water and dry it off with disposable paper towels.
Then, apply some powder on the gloves in the sink without getting the powder all over the place before taking the gloves off.
Put the gloves away into the respective container.
Storage of chemicals?
Store chemicals in their original containers. Never pour chemicals into unwashed containers.
Re-label chemicals immediately and clearly if they are placed in a different container.
Use highly flammable chemicals away from heat, flame and ignition sources such as dryers and hot water systems.
Just a reminder:
Must be kept sharp. If it is not sharp, or the blades are not aligned, it has to be sent to the scissorsmith to be fixed.
Pivot must be cleaned and hair-free.
Scissor blades are wiped clean of hair away from your body with a lint-free cloth after every client and oiled at the end of the day.
Scissors must be held with points towards your body and passed with handle facing away from your body.
Combs, Brushes and Rollers
Must be kept clean and hair-free.
It has to be clean and dried if it touches the floor.
They have to be disinfected after each use.
Combs must be replaced if it has teeth missing.
Razors with disposable blades
Used with extreme care to avoid nicking or cutting the client.
Use the guard on the razor to prevent cutting yourself or the client.
The blade is changed and disposed of in the sharps container after each use.
Has to be kept in good condition.
It has to be decontaminated before each use. Check that it is free of broken teeth, properly adjusted (to avoid skin abrasions) and oiled to work efficiently.
All hair and debris should be removed from the blades after each use.
Clippers, as well as the attachments, must be dismantled and thoroughly cleaned before being used on another client.
If contamination occurs, then the clipper blades must be dismantled, cleaned and sterilised. Plastic attachments must be disposed of into a sharps container.
Free standing equipments
Be Aware of:
Bare wires/frayed cords (These are generally exposed bare wires)
Loose or broken switches
Rattles or strange noises
Burning smells or smokes being emitted.
These are indications that something is wrong. Turn it off, label them, inform the salon manager and send it off to be repaired. The electrical equipment is unreliable and unsafe to be used.
Hazards with electricity
Water acts as a conductor for electricity and must be kept apart at all times. When working with electrical equipment, avoid at all times:
Touching electricity equipment with wet hands.
Working with electrical equipment while standing on wet hair or wet floors.
Placing electrical equipment on benches or trolleys next to water sprays.
Holding electrical equipment whilst spraying water on the hair.
When using extension cords,
Avoid using extension cords across traffic areas as clients or other team members could trip.
Do not tangle the extension cord around yourself or the client or either one of you might trip and fall.
Double Adapters (Power boards)
Unplugging an equipment
Procedure you must follow for disconnecting electrical equipments:
1)Switch off electrical appliances.
2)Switch off power point.
3)Use your fingers to firmly grasp the plug and remove it from the power point.
Long hair and blow dryers
It is your choice of how you wear your hair. However, if you have long hair, your hair should be out of the way when you are using electrical equipments. Serious accidents have occured when long hair gets caught and become tangled in the air inlet of a blow dryer.
Safety precautions using thermal electrical equipments.
Thermal electrical equipments are thermal irons, flat irons, crimping irons, drying lamps and hot rollers. They will remain hot even after you are finished with them. Always:
Protect your client's scalp and ears with your comb or fingers to prevent burns.
Allow the thermal irons to cool down before wrapping them around the handle. The heat from the barrel might cause the cord to melt.
Store all thermal equipments after using them. Put them out of reach of children while they cool down.
Sprains and strains
a.k.a. Occupational Overuse Syndrome
Adjust the clients chair to suit your height. Tasks are carried out slightly above elbow level.
Wear comfortable posture supportive closed toe footwear.
Use the trolley to carry all tools and equipment. If lifting heavy items, maintain a straight back and shoulders and bend from the knees, hold load close to body and carry with both hands.
Slips, trips and falls
Causes of slips, trips and falls are:
Slippery surfaces (unswept hair on the floor, bobby pins scattered on the floor, wet; oily or polished surfaces).
Poorly lit work areas and walkways.
Cluttered passageways (vacuum cleaner hoses, electrical cords and cables, free standing hair equipment, extension boads lying on the floor, unpack stock and etc.).
Untidy work areas.
Undertaking wet mopping, vacuuming or floor polishing tasks during busy times.
Unsuitable footwear (shoe soles that do not provide good grip).
Towels and Capes
A clean wrap, towel and paper strip must be used on each client.
All clean wraps and towels should be stored in a clean and dry receptacle to prevent soiling and contamination.
Aim for a professionalism.
You can dress according to current fashion trends, however be aware of clothings or accesories that will obstruct you or become a safety hazard. For example, long necklaces and bulky rings might snag into the client's hair or get hooked on an electrical appliance. These actions might bring harm to you and the client.
Your hands are your assets
Make sure your nails are kept clean and well groomed. Long and unfiled nails may scratch a client's scalp and pull their hair.
Wash your hands with anti bacterial cleanser before working on a client. You should also wash your hands before and after you eat, after you have used the bathroom or attended to nasal care.
To prevent dermatotis, always wear protective gloves when in contact with any chemicals. Applying barrier cream regularly keeps your hands in good condition.
Broken skin or infections on exposed parts of the body of a hairdresser must be kept covered with a waterproof plaster. If a cut or abrasion is on a hand, gloves must be worn.
Hairdressers are not to smoke while hairdressing.
Hairdressers are to wear clean, fresh laundered clothing when attending to clients.
Cleaning and Maintenance
Rinse in cold water
Wash in HOT water with soap or detergent
Clean, Disinfect tools and equipment
Rinse in HOT water (70'C)
(cc) image by nuonsolarteam on Flickr
Beginning of day
End of day
In event of a fire breaking out, your main priorities are:
Raise the alarm - Staff and clients must be warned, and the premises must be evacuated to the safe meeting place.
Call the fire brigade - Do this even if you believe that someone has phoned.
If the fire is small, you may tackle it with fire extinguisher or fire blanket.
Dial 000 and ask for fire, police or ambulance. When the operator answers, please give them the following essential information:-
type of emergency
your house number
street name and nearest cross street
Melways reference (if known)
Once outside a burning property, never go back inside - wait for the fire brigade at a safe meeting place.
Limit the extent of the damag, and prevent the burn from becoming worse.
The burnt area must be cooled by being placed under cold running water. The water must not be unpleasantly cold.
The damaged area must stay under running water for at least one hour, or longer if the pain has not stopped. Up to four hours of this treatment can be beneficial.
First-degree burns, (for example, mild sunburn) do not require this treatment.
The best way to clean a cut, scrape or puncture wound is with cool water. You can hold the wound under running water or fill a tub with cool water and pour it from a cup over the wound.
Use soap and a soft washcloth to clean the skin around the wound. Try to keep soap out of the wound itself because soap can cause irritation. Use tweezers that have been cleaned in isopropyl alcohol (rubbing alcohol) to remove any dirt that remains in the wound after washing.
Even though it may seem that you should use a stronger cleansing solution (such as hydrogen peroxide or iodine), these things may irritate wounds.
Dry it and place a waterproof band-aid over it.
Fill in the Incident and Casualty form.
To stop the bleeding, apply firm but gentle pressure on the cut with a clean cloth, tissue or piece of gauze. If the blood soaks through the gauze or cloth you're holding over the cut, don't take it off. Just put more gauze or another cloth on top of what you already have in place and apply more pressure for 20 to 30 minutes.
If your wound is on an arm or leg, raising it above your heart will also help slow the bleeding.
Important! If you are dealing with other people's blood, wear a protective glove before attending to the wound as contamination might occur.
When an accident happens,
1) Remove casualty from the danger zone. Wear protective clothing if necessary. (For example, protective gloves)
2) Inform the salon manager or the senior staff of the incident.
3) Dial the Emergency hotline 000 if necessary, if not then apply first-aid.
3) Clean up danger zone thoroughly and make sure protective clothing is worn. Make sure the area is sanitised appropriately.
4) Fill out Incident and casualty form.
Clean all surfaces (benches, chairs, mirrors, shelves, tables, trolleys, dryers, climazons and etc.) with a disinfectant with the correct disinfectant to water ratio according to the instructions on the chemical label. Be sure to wear protective gloves.
Put back styling products into shelves and refill them if needed.
Clean, wipe down, sanitise, dry and store hairdressing implements accordingly. Oil cutting implements if needed and wipe off the excess.
Check for any faulty equipment. If there are, label them, inform the salon manager or senior stylist and send them off to a licensed technian.
Place magazines into the respective rack and twirl the chair back into its original position.
Place all dirty towels, wraps and cloths into the washing machine.
Clean and sanitise the basins. Wipe the exterior of the shampoo, conditioner and treatment bottles as well.
Vacuum the salon floor. Don't forget the corners.
Put out proper signage before mopping the floor. Wet mop the waiting area, salon floor, basin area and back room with the right cleaning agent with the correct proportion of detergent and water.
Wash and dry the cups, put them in the respective shelve and clear out the water in the kettle.
Throw all the rubbish collected from the rubbish bins in the salon and wrap it up tightly before throwing them into the dumpster outside the salon. Sanitise all the receptacles and wipe them dry.
Keep all cleaning equipment accordingly.
Fold all clean towels as well as wraps and put them in their respective shelves.
Clean surfaces with the correct disinfectant to water ratio according to the instructions on the chemical label. Be sure to wear protective gloves.
Clean the merchandise products as well as the display shelves.
Check if all the chairs, mirrors and electrical appliances are in good working order.
Restock merchandise and chemicals (hair colour, perms and etc.). Make sure a step ladder is used to reach shelves that are too high up.
Prepare hairdressing implements on the trolleys and make sure they are clean and disinfected before use.
Replace magazines or books which has pages that are crumpled or torn off.
Place clean garbage bags into the rubbish bin.
In a work place where cash is handled, you are more likely to face the threat of robbery or attack.
Removal of excess cash from the till to safe storage.
Displaying signs where they can be clearly seen informing customers of limited cash holdings.
not handling cash in front of customers.
Delivery and deposit of money at the bank. Vary the time you go to the bank every day so that no one can track you.
There are no suspicious people or vehicles around when you enter or leave the work place.
no one has broken in - if there are signs of a break-in, you must know what action to take.
Before leaving, make sure that the safe (if there is one) and all entries, exits and windows are securely locked, and there are no unauthorised persons remaining on the premises.
You should never mix chemicals together unless recommended by the manufacturers. The mixture could give off dangerous fumes or create excessive heat.
Always read manufacturers instructions. It is important to remember manufacturers make changes to products, therefore it is necessary to always read manufacturer's instructions on products even if you are familiar with it.
Always check with clients to make sure they are comfortable and the chamical applied is not causing them any discomfort. If the chemical causes a client discomfort, rinse it off with cold setting immediately.
Always keep the outside of the bottle dry to make them easier to hold and prevent them from slipping through your fingers.
Chemicals should never come in contact with your skin and a client's whenever possible. When rinsing chemicals from a client's hair, make sure the client's head is put back into the back basin. If the client is unable to do so, make sure their eyes are protected.
Be aware that most chemicals are highly flammable, they can ignite or catch fire. Thus, hair spray should never be used near a naked flame.
Do not over load the power board. Too many appliances plugged in on top of each other is extremely dangerous. You might end up blowing a fuse. It is possible the sparks from an overloaded power point could cause a fire.
Prepare beverages in a clean and dry cup. Serve them with a coaster and wipe up any residue outside the cup. If the outside of the cup is wet, it might slip off your hands or drip on the floor.
If there's a spillage, put proper signage to prevent people from crossing that area and clean up the floor immediately with disposable paper towels. Sanitise area if needed. Wear protective gloves if dealing with hazardous chemicals or blood.
Pick up any items that are left on the floor immediately (For example, bobby pins, hair spray bottles, combs, clips, towels, coasters, magazines and etc.).
Make sure trolleys, stools and free standing equipments (dryer, climazon) are not blocking the walkway.
Clean back mirrors from time to time and when it gets dirty.
All used colour bowls, brushes, spatulas, tea cups, spoons, plates and etc. is cleaned as soon as a salon operator is free. Don't leave them piling in the sink. Leave them to dry on the rack or wipe it dry with a clean tea towel.
Make sure all used towels and wraps are washed in the washing machine using the correct settings and the right amount of detergent.
Be sure to clear out the filter of the dryer after each use as it can become a fire hazard.
The colour bar and mixing area has to be free of obstruction and any spills has to be wiped up with a disposable paper towel.
Make sure to clean kitchen appliances after each use. For example the microwave, toaster and etc.
Label your food and clear out the refrigerator every night so that stale food or rotten food is not kept there.
Be sure that the basin area is always dry and the shampoo, conditioner as well as the treatment bottles are wiped dry on the outside.
Clear out the dirty towel receptacle and rubbish bin once in a while. Don't wait until it is overflowing with rubbish or towels.
Remember to always clean the client station as soon as they get out of the chair. That includes putting the styling products, back mirror and magazines back to the shelves; wipe and sanitise the hairdressing implements accordingly and placing them back into the trolley; rolling up the wires for the blow dryer and thermal styling equipment as well as storing them to their respective shelves; sweeping the hair off the floor, taking the tea cups to the back to be washed, twirling the chair to the original position and height as well as wiping the surfaces and chair clean.
Look out if the client left anything behind.